Skip to main content Skip to main navigation

Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection

Call Number

TAM.616

Dates

1954-2014, inclusive
; 1980-2010, bulk

Creator

Bravo, Estela
Bravo, Ernesto

Extent

79.5 Linear Feet
in 71 record cartons and 17 media boxes.

Extent

1365 videocassettes
on Umatic and Betacam.

Extent

56 film reels

Extent

68.3 Gigabytes
in 82 digital video files and on 16 DVDs.

Language of Materials

Materials are in Spanish and English.

Abstract

Estela Bravo (1933- ) is an American-born documentary filmmaker who has been creating films on Cuba and Latin America with her husband Ernesto Bravo since the 1980s. Estela and Ernesto Bravo moved to Cuba in the early 1960s, and as a result many of Estela's films focus on political and cultural relations between the United States and Cuba. The collection contains over 1,300 video tapes and film reels recorded by Bravo throughout her career. In addition to full-length features and video footage, the collection contains a small amount of ephemera, correspondence, home movies, and documentation related to the promotion and licensing of Bravo's films. Footage in this collection consists of interviews with political leaders and celebrities; scenes of historical events, marches, demonstrations, and performances; battle footage; clips from Cuba's State Council archives; speeches by Fidel Castro, Nelson Mandela, and others; and background footage (b-roll) used in finished films. This footage is primarily recorded on U-matic and Betacam video tapes, and produced on film reels, VHS, and DVD for screening and distribution. This collection has been partially digitized, and only the digitized footage is currently accessible to researchers.

Biographical Note

Estela Bravo (1933- ) is an American-born documentary filmmaker who has been creating films on Cuba and Latin America with her husband Ernesto Bravo since the 1980s. The Bravos moved to Cuba in the early 1960s, and as a result many of Estela Bravo's films focus on political and cultural relations between the United States and Cuba. Bravo's documentaries have aired on television networks including PBS (US), CBC (Canada), Channel 4 (UK) Canal Plus (France), and at international film festivals and retrospectives honoring her work.

Estela Bravo was born on June 8, 1933 in Brooklyn, New York. The youngest of three daughters, she was raised in a family of working-class European immigrants. Estela worked for the Furriers Union while studying sociology at night at Brooklyn College. In 1953 she helped organize a group called Students for a Peaceful World. She attended the 3rd World Student Congress in Warsaw, Poland as a representative for the Students for a Peaceful World, where she met Ernesto Bravo.

Ernesto Mario Bravo (1929- ) was born in Argentina on April 7, 1929. Bravo studied medicine at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1951, while still a student, he was targeted by the state police for his participation in a student strike and tried on charges of organizing anti-government student activities.

Estela and Ernesto Bravo married in January of 1956. They moved to Cuba in 1963 after Ernesto was offered a position as a Professor of Biochemistry at the Medical School of the University of Havana. In Cuba, Estela Bravo worked at the cultural institution Casa de las Américas where she organized programs promoting folk and protest music. She later began developing television programs and creating short documentaries based on archival footage, which documented notable figures like the Rosenbergs, Malcolm X, and Paul Robeson. Ernesto wrote many of the scripts for these short films. Estela Bravo completed her first full-length documentary in 1980, Those Who Left, which told the story of Cubans who left the island after the 1959 revolution. In addition to his teaching career, Ernesto Bravo has worked collaborator with his wife on her many documentary films, and has written a number of books, including Modern Medicine in Cuba (1995) and Development within Underdevelopment: New Trends in Cuban Medicine (1998).

As of 2016, Estela and Ernesto Bravo continue to make films. In 2014, they were honored in South Africa by the Mandela Foundation, they released films about Gabriel García Márquez and Commander Juan Almeida, and they updated their 2007 film, Who am I? The Found Children of Argentina.

Filmography

1980 Those Who Left
1982 Cubans in Peru
1982 A Beautiful Mission
1983 The Marielitos
1984 Silvio and Pablo in Argentina
1984 Maurice Bishop
1984 The National Ballet of Cuba in Argentina
1984 The National Ballet of Cuba in Peru
1985 The Missing Children
1985 Children in Debt
1985 The Hour of the People
1986 Returning to Chile
1987 Who's Running the Show
1987 Holy Father and Gloria
1989 Americans in Cuba
1990 Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle
1990 Flotilla to Cuba
1990 Namibia: The Last Colony
1991 Mandela Visits Jamaica
1991 Mandela in Cuba
1992 Miami-Havana
1992 The Three Rafters
1993 The Cuban Excludables
1998 From Miami to Washington
2000 Fidel: The Untold Story
2000 Camp Kinderland in Havana
2004 Free to Fly
2007 "Who am I?" The Found Children of Argentina
2010 Operation Peter Pan: Flying Back to Cuba
2011 Anecdotes about Fidel
2012 Roberto To Love and Fight for Life
2013 Mandela and Fidel
2014 A Conversation with García Márquez about his Friend Fidel
2014 A Conversation with Commander Juan Almeida
2014 "Who am I?" The Found Children of Argentina (Update)

Arrangement

This collection is divided into 32 series by documentary film or by record type. The first 28 series are arranged in alphabetical order by film title. Within each series, materials are grouped by genre. Completed documentaries and edited fragments of documentaries are listed at the beginning of each series. They are followed by interview footage, transcripts, and other papers related to coordinating interviews. These materials are listed in alphabetical order by interviewee last name. Interviews are followed by general footage, film clips, and papers. In some cases, footage is listed in alphabetical order by title, but many of these clips have not been fully arranged.

Series XXIX: Independent and Unidentified Footage, 1980-1994 contains interviews and footage that is not associated with a specific documentary feature or cannot be identified with a completed film. This footage is not grouped by genre, and is arranged in alphabetical order by title or interviewee last name.

Materials in Series XXX: Collected Ephemera and Publications are arranged alphabetically by title or by general topic. Additional films related to Estela and Ernesto Bravo's personal lives are arranged in Series XXXI: Estela and Ernesto Bravo Family Films. Several of these films were originally numbered by the donors. Numbered items are listed in sequential order, while films that were not numbered are listed in alphabetical order by title.

Series XXXII: Gema de Cuba, Estela and Ernesto Bravo's most recent documentary, was added to the collection in 2017 and has not been incorporated into the existing arrangement.

Scope and Content Note

The Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection (dates 1959-2014) contains interviews, footage, and full-length films from documentaries created by filmmaker Estela Bravo between the 1980s and early 2000s. The collection contains over 1,300 video tapes and film reels recorded by Bravo throughout her career. In addition to full-length documentaries and video footage, the collection also contains a small amount of ephemera, correspondence, and documentation related to the promotion and licensing of Bravo's films. Footage in this collection consists of interviews with political leaders and celebrities; scenes of important events, marches, demonstrations, and performances; battle footage; historical clips from Cuba's State Council archives; speeches by Fidel Castro, Nelson Mandela, and others; and background footage (b-roll) used in finished films. This footage was primarily recorded on U-matic and Betacam video tapes, and produced on film reels, VHS, and DVD for screening and distribution.

Many of Bravo's films focus broadly on Cuba after the revolution and its relationship with the United States and other countries. Bravo's films address other issues related to Latin American politics and culture, exploring topics such as: children abducted during Argentina's "Dirty War;" Chile under the Pinochet dictatorship; the assassination of Maurice Bishop in Grenada; social and economic problems caused by Latin American debts owed to the United States; struggles to end apartheid in South Africa; and a 1984 concert featuring Cuban musicians Silvio Rodriguez and Pablo Milanes in Buenos Aires.

The most extensive footage comes from Fidel: The Untold Story and its follow-up Anecdotes about Fidel. There are more than 400 video recordings related to these films. Among the highlights of this material are interviews with notable individuals including: Arthur Schlesinger, Ramsey Clark, George McGovern, Alice Walker, Harry Belafonte, Philip Agee, Ted Turner, Edward Heath, Jorge Risquet, Ricardo Alarcón, Vilma Espín, and Angela Davis. These videos also contain interviews with supporters of the anti-Castro movement including counter-revolutionaries like Orlando Bosch.

Other films featured prominently in this collection address the social consequences of tensions between the United States and Cuba. These films include Americans in Cuba, documenting American who moved to Cuba after the revolution; The Cuban Excludables, which follows Cubans who came to the United States during the Mariel boatlift and the conditions they faced while being detained by US authorities; and Miami-Havana, a film that explores the consequences of travel and communication restrictions between Cuba and the United States.

Not all of Bravo's films are represented in the collection. Footage from some films may be more complete than others, while footage from other films does not appear in the collection at all. In other cases video footage is duplicated in multiple series. Bravo frequently reused older footage in follow-up documentaries to provide background and context for a subsequent film. For example, footage from the 1985 film, Missing Children, also appears in the 2007 documentary, Who Am I?: The Found Children of Argentina. Additionally, there are many interviews that exceed the duration of a single tape, and are recorded on multiple tapes. These interviews will contain pauses and breaks in the conversation to allow the videographer to change tapes.

The collection also contains footage that was not included in any feature film. These recordings may have been shot with a potential film in mind, but were never included in any completed feature. The Bravos also recorded special events or interviews with notable individuals, even though they did not intend to include them in a specific documentary. These recordings include an interview with Mikis Theodrakis, a Greek songwriter/composer and supporter of Fidel Castro, and an interview with Brazilian Communist Party leader Luis Carlos Prestes (1898-1990). There is also some footage which is unidentified or has not yet been associated with a specific feature film.

Between 2014 and 2015, two additional donations of periodicals, programs, playbills, transcripts, and related items were added to the collection. They may be found in Series XXX: Ephemera and Publications. Transcripts and partial transcripts from this donation relate to the film Fidel: The Untold Story and have been added to Series VIII. Transcripts contain interviews of some individuals for which there is no film footage, including Walter Sisulu and Kalema Moutante. A small set of film reels, donated in 2014, contain personal family footage of Estela and Ernesto Bravo with friends and family members, most of which were filmed in 1958. These reels are arranged in Series XXXI: Estela and Ernesto Bravo Family Films.

Many of the dates in this collection have been estimated based on the content and release date of the film. Specific dates are listed if they appeared on the cassette annotations, while others were inferred from the film's content. The word "Bump" appears in several titles, and was used by Estela Bravo to indicate clips selected from a previous, longer, piece of footage.

Subjects

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright to materials in this collection, created by Estela and Ernesto Bravo, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection; TAM 616; box number; item number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Estela and Ernesto Bravo in 2012; additional materials were donated by the Bravos in 2013, 2015, 2015, and 2017, and by Angela Carrenno in 2015.

Audiovisual Access Policies and Procedures

Access to audiovisual materials in this collection is available through digitized access copies. Researchers may view an item's original container, but the media themselves are not available for playback because of preservation concerns. Materials that have already been digitized are noted in the collection's finding aid and can be requested in our reading room. Materials not yet digitized will need to have access copies made before they can be used. To request an access copy, or if you are unsure if an item has been digitized, please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu with the collection name, collection number, and a description of the item(s) requested. A staff member will respond to you with further information.

Appraisal

Twelve tapes were damaged beyond repair and removed from the collection. Duplicate recordings of completed documentaries on VHS, Betacam and digital formats were also removed from the collection. Additionally, a small number of electronic files that were not created by Estela or Ernesto Bravo were deemed out of scope and deaccessioned.

In June 2021, ten boxes containing 164 digitized tapes contaminated by mold were photographed by Media Preservation Unit staff and deaccessioned.

Separated Materials

Commercial copies of Estela Bravo's documentaries have been transferred to the Avery Fisher Center in Bobst Library. Additionally, copies of the following serials were transferred to Tamiment's library collections: Bohemi, Cine Cubano, Cuba Magazine, Cuba Update, Cuba International, Education, Joven Cuba, OCLAE, Prisma, Science Magazine, The Sciences. Please check the library catalog for holdings.

Collection processed by

Jan Hilley, with the assistance of Heather Mulliner.

About this Guide

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2024-02-06 14:04:01 -0500.
Using Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language: Finding aid written in English

Processing Information Note

Upon receipt of this collection, Tamiment Library discovered that many of the videos had mold damage or binder hydrolysis. Several tapes have been repaired and digitized, but many have yet to receive treatment. The digitization process remains ongoing.

To facilitate preservation treatment, all tapes were initially inventoried and assigned a persistent identifier, which is listed in the finding aid as the "ref" number. These numbers are not sequential and are not listed in a specific order. Individual tapes have been arranged intellectually by the full-length feature in which they appear. Tapes were originally received in boxes containing packing slips that roughly associated footage with specific films. Much of this contextual information was lost, however, due to the immediate separation of materials for preservation treatment. Information about footage content and associated feature film(s) has been reconstructed to the best of the archivist's ability through analysis of container annotations, research, and consultation with the donors. Footage has been added to the series that best represents the context of its use. Estela Bravo frequently reused footage in multiple documentaries, and consequently some footage may be duplicated in more than one series.

Videos were sent for preservation treatment in multiple installments, which resulted in several non-sequential box numbers. In 2016, box numbers were updated and listed in sequential order.

Titles of digitized videos have been edited or supplied by the archivist based on the content of the recording. Titles of videos that have yet to be digitized have been derived from annotations on the individual film containers and associated notes. The descriptions of video cassettes that have not yet been digitized often contain phrases in quotation marks. These phrases were copied from annotations on the cassette boxes. As digitized versions of the videos become available, descriptions are being updated.

Many of the videos in this collection were undated. The majority of the dates have been estimated by the archivist based on release date of the film or the event documented in the footage.

Two additional donations of ephemera, publications, transcripts, and promotional materials were donated in 2014 and 2015. Documents associated with specific films were incorporated the existing series, while publications and ephemera more generally associated with filmmaking and Estela Bravo's career were added as Series XXX: Collected Ephemera and Publications. Films reels documenting moments in Estela and Ernesto Bravo's personal lives were added as Series XXXI: Estela and Ernesto Bravo Family Films.

In 2016 videos stored on a hard drive and flash drive were forensically imaged and analyzed. Duplicate copies of full-length documentaries were deaccessioned and remaining videos were incorporated into series based on the documentaries with which they correspond.

In 2017, a copy of the documentary Gema de Cuba was added to the collection as Series XXXII: Gema de Cuba.

In 2018, 225 videos were digitized and described at the item-level.

In 2020, additional recordings were described at the item-level following digitization.

In June 2021, 164 original tapes that were both digitized and contaminated with mold were photographed and deaccessioned.

In 2022, 247 moldy Betacam and U-matic tapes were returned from a vendor employed to decontaminate and transfer them. Of the returned tapes, 10 original tapes were successfully transfered; preservation staff photodocumented the carriers, and disposed of them. At the same time 75 moldy tapes were decontaminated and sent offsite without being transferred; these tapes are in boxes 27, 28, 29, and 32. Further, 124 tapes were not decontaminated but preservation staff isolated the tapes from other items by housing them in a polyethylene bag with a desiccated board and RH monitor strip and then sent offsite. If this strip indicates an RH greater than 50%, contact the Preservation Department immediately. Do not open this packaging without contacting the Preservation Department. Isolated tapes are located in boxes 1-5 and box 19. The remaining 38 tapes were decontaminated by the vendor, but their condition was too poor to be digitized. These tapes were photodocumented and discarded by preservation staff.

Revisions to this Guide

December 2018: Edited by Heather Mulliner to include item-level description of 225 videos
May 2020: Edited by Amy C. Vo to include item-level description of 42 videos
October 2020: Edited by Jasmine Sykes-Kunk and Amy C. Vo to include item-level description of 32 videos
February 2021: Edited by Rachel Mahre to reflect digitization of videos
June 2021: Edited by Weatherly Stephan to reflect deaccession of moldy, digitized videos
July 2022: Updated by Anna Björnsson McCormick to record digitization, decontamination, isolation, and deaccession of videos treated by a vendor.

Repository

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Series I: Americans in Cuba, Those Who Came, 1988-1989, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

In the 1989 film Americans in Cuba, Estela Bravo tells the stories of several Americans who stayed in Cuba after the 1959 revolution. Some of the Americans featured in the documentary lived in Cuba prior and decided to remain after the new government was established, while others decided to immigrate to Cuba in the period following the revolution. This series contains footage from the 43-minute film, including interviews with women such as Elfriede Mahler; Marjorie Moore; Lorna Burdsall; Lois Kroehler, a missionary, music teacher and peace advocate who came to Cuba in 1949; Jean McEvoy and Ellen Rosensweig, who is interviewed with her husband and children and comments on the differences between her life in Cuba and her visits to see her family in California. Footage from this film contains one-on-one interviews, performances, discussions in the street or in other venues, and scenes of the various locations where the women live.

"Americans who stayed in Cuba", circa 1989, inclusive

Box: 1, Cassette: ref8 (Material Type: video)

Black, Helen: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref317 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This interview contains footage from religious summer camp in Placetas, Cuba. It features Helen Black, an American living in Cuba for many years, who works at the camp.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:52:27.

Black, Helen: Summer Camp Footage, 1988 August 24, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1074 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Helen Black's religious summer camp in Cuba. It begins with footage of a music lesson in the camp's chapel, and then shows campers playing volleyball on a large lawn. The video also shows Helen Black and Estela Bravo walking to a pond where several of the campers are swimming. Bravo and Black talk informally about the camp property and briefly about Elfriede Mahler, who Bravo also featured in her documentary Americans in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:35.

Black, Helen: Interview, 1988 August 25, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref285 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Helen Black. She begins by discussing the religious summer camps she runs in Cuba, and notes that the camps have not had any problems operating under Cuban government rules. She discusses her identity as an American in Cuba, traveling to Cuba for the first time in 1948, and her decision to stay after the revolution. She describes some of the changes she saw in Cuba after the revolution, and talks generally about how religious people and religion is treated in the country.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:42.

Black, Helen: Interview, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref309 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

Helen Black's interview is primarily in English, with a brief portion in Spanish. The party footage is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video contains footage of a party held for Helen's 40th anniversary at the church summer camp. She is opening presents and talking with party guests. The other half of this video contains footage from an interview with Helen Black about religion, particularly Protestantism, in Cuba, and the government's attitude toward the church.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:15:08.

Black, Helen: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 14, Cassette: ref310 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with footage of the grounds and people at a religious summer camp in Cuba. The video mostly contains footage from an interview with Helen Black: she talks about coming to Cuba in 1948 as a missionary, her religious work in Cuba, and how religious people and religion are treated in the country.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:14.

Black, Helen: Interview, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref325 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is primarily in Spanish with some background conversations in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with brief interviews of teachers at a campfire meeting at Helen Black's Christian youth camp in Cuba. The meeting is also a birthday party for Helen where people are eating cake and singing. The video ends with a church service at the camp with people singing and eating.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:39.

Black, Helen: Interview, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref327 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is mostly in Spanish, with the interview in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains background, interior, and exterior footage of a Christian camp in Cuba. Most of the footage is filmed while the camp participants are having dinner. There is an interview with Helen Black discussing the history of the camp. The backgroud conversations, songs, and prayers during the meal are in Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:28.

Black, Helen: Interview, 1988 August 25, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1083 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The bulk of this interview is in Spanish. The last few minutes of the video feature discussion in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Helen Black begins with a discussion about her work in religious summer camps and her first travels to Cuba in 1951. She describes the types of people who came to her camps and the effect of the revolution on the religious community in which she lived. She explains that her camps were allowed to operate much like they did before the revolution, although government required the camps seek permission to operate. She discusses her family in the United States and the difficulties of traveling between the two countries. She also talks about what she sees as the positive and negative changes in Cuba since the revolution. At the end of the video she shares her personal philosophy in both English and Spanish, and explains that her biggest desire in life is to do God's will and help others embrace his message.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:08.

Burdsall, Lorna : Interview, 1988 May 17, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1082 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Lorna Burdsall begins with a discussion about her background as a dancer and the events that brought her to Cuba. She explains that she met her husband who was Cuban in 1953, and moved to Cuba with him in 1955. She discusses her love of modern dance, and describes joining the Department of Modern Dance in Cuba's National Theater in the early 1960s. She talks about her dance career in Cuba and the country has shaped her life. She discusses her experience performing, training and recruiting dancers, and the subsidies the government provides to the arts. She also discusses traveling between the US and Cuba, and some of the problems the country faces because of its poor relationship with the United States.

Historical/Biographical Note

Lorna Burdsall (1928-2010) moved to Cuba in 1955 with her husband, who fought with Fidel Castro in the Cuban revolution. She was a dancer who trained with Martha Graham and studied at the Julliard School. In 1953 she met a young Cuban, Manuel Pineiro, who was studying business administration at Columbia. They married in New York but he left for Cuba to join Castro's forces shortly after their wedding. She joined him in 1955 and lived in Cuba for the rest of her life. Burdsall taught at the National Dance School and was a founding member of Conjunto Nacional de Danza Moderna, which she eventually directed. Burdsall was with the company for nearly 20 years and created numerous works reflecting the spirit of the Cuban people. In 1977 she became the national director of dance and modern dance advisor to the Minister of Culture.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:17.

Burdsall, Lorna: Dance Class "Cassette #13", 1988 May 18, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref270 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish and English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of Lorna Brudsall's dance class. At minute 9:30 the footage features a group interview with class members and Burdsall. Members of the class discuss what they like about the class, their personal backgrounds, their jobs outside of the class, and the reasons they were attracted to taking dance classes with Burdsall.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:23.

Burdsall, Lorna: Dance Class "Cassette #14", 1988 May 18, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref273 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video features footage from a dance class led by Lorna Burdsall.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:11:25.

Burdsall, Burdsall / Paskalitis, Barbara: Interview Segments, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1090 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains portions of interviews with Lorna Burdsall and Barbara Paskilitis and her family. Footage on this video appears to have been copied from other tapes and features interview segments duplicated elsewhere in the series. Video and audio quality of this recording is poor.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:09:12.

Kroehler, Lois: Interview, 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref324 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The recording contains an interview with Lois Kroehler who, at the time of the filming, was working at an evangelical seminary. An American, she had been in Cuba since 1949.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:02.

Kroehler, Lois: Interview "Matanzas #27", 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1087 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This language is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Lois Kroehler. She begins by discussing how she first traveled to Cuba in 1949 to work as an English secretary, and soon began teaching English in a Presbyterian school. She describes her decision to stay in Cuba after the revolution and finding work as a music teacher with the Christian Education Team. She discusses her teaching and her religious work, and describes her experience traveling between the US and Cuba as an American living in Cuba. The interview largely focuses on religion in Cuba, and Kroehler's experience working as a religious teacher in the years since the revolution.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:25.

Kroehler, Lois "(Matanzas) #29", 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1088 (Material Type: video)

Kroehler, Lois: Seminary in Matanzas, 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref288 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with a discussion with Lois Kroehler and her students at the Christian seminary where she teaches in Cuba. Kroehler and the students begin by singing a song, and then the group discuss what Kroehler is like as a teacher. Kroehler describes her life in Cuba and in the seminary, and discusses the misconceptions about Cuba she has encountered when talking to other Americans. The second half of the video features footage of Kroehler in the classroom leading a group of students in a lesson on translation.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:51.

Kroehler, Lois: Cardenas, 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref286 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of Lois Kroehler teaching English in a school in Cuba. It then cuts to footage of a beach near the town of Cardenas, Cuba. Kroehler describes the beach and the town where she lives, and briefly discusses her work for the Presbyterian Church. The end of the video features footage of Kroehler leading choir practice.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:32.

Kroehler, Lois: Interview and Songs, 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref276 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with Lois Kroehler playing guitar and singing songs. The first two songs she sings are in English. She then sings a version of "No Man Is an Island," which she translated into Spanish. Kroehler then describes in Spanish the story of how she came to live in Cuba. She explains that she traveled to Cuba to learn Spanish, and after 2 years of working as a secretary was asked to stay and work as a teacher at a Jesuit school. She later began teaching classes in music and English. Kroehler also discusses the difficulty of seeing her family in the United States. She explains that it took many years until her family was able to visit her in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:10.

Kroehler, Lois: Interview, 1988 May 24, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref287 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish and English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Lois Kroehler begins with a discussion in Spanish of her decision to move to Cuba and her experience in Cuba as a Christian. She talks at length about being a Christian in a communist country and her personal process of overcoming her own anti-communist prejudice. She discusses the United States relationship with Cuba and Latin America in general, and expresses a hope that the United States will act as a more collaborative neighbor, and do more to consider the struggles of people in the third world. The video ends with footage of signs and the countryside outside of Matanzas, Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:11:35.

Mahler, Elfriede: Interview (Guantanamo), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref290 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Elfriede Mahler (1917-1998) was an American dancer who moved to Havana in the summer of 1960. She spent much of her life in Guantanamo, founding the province's first professional dance company, Danza Libre.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:01.

Mahler, Elfriede: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref293 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:25:00.

Mahler, Elfriede: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref303 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:47.

Mahler, Elfriede, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref295 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:02.

Mahler, Elfriede, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref307 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:09.

Mahler, Elfriede at art school ("Esceula de Arte"), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref301 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:18.

Mahler, Elfriede at art school, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref305 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:14:50.

Mahler, Elfriede (ballet group), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref297 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:18:03.

Mahler, Elfriede (Cultural Center), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref292 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:07.

Mahler, Elfriede at Stone Zoo (Zoologico de Piedra) near Guantanamo, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref300 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:27:04.

Mahler, Elfriede "Zoologico de Piedra", circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 12, Cassette: ref304 (Material Type: video)

Mahler, Elfriede and Jean [McEvoy], circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref294 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:19:00.

Mahler, Elfriede and Jean McEvoy, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref321 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Most of the footage on this tape is devoted to Elfreide Mahler, which also includes performances by children and young dancers. The end of this recording also contains interview with Jean McEvoy and a Catholic minister.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:00.

McEvoy, Jean: Interview (at her home), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref296 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:19:01.

McEvoy, Jean: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref298 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:02.

McEvoy, Jean: Interview ("I am an American" annotation on box), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref299 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:35.

McEvoy, Jean at Guantanamo church, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref302 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:19:36.

McEvoy, Jean at church ("Iglesia Misa"), circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref306 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:16:08.

Menendez, Pablo: Interview "Cassette #5", 1988 May 16, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1076 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Paul (Pablo) Menendez begins with a discussion about how he first traveled to Cuba to study music when he was 14 years old. He explains that his mother, singer Barbara Dane, performed in Cuba and later arranged for him to attend a music school there in 1966. He explains that youth in California in the 1960s were detached and had a very pessimistic view of the future. He explains that life in Cuba at that time felt very different and students were engaged in political climate of the early revolutionary government. He describes meeting his wife at the school he attended, and explains that they married after he had only lived in Cuba for a year. He was only 15 years old at the time.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:37.

Menendez, Pablo: Interview "Cassette #6", 1988 May 16, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1077 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The interview with Paul Menendez is in English. The interview with his wife is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this interview Paul (Pablo) Menendez discusses first traveling to Cuba in his adolescence to study music. He discusses his early impressions of life in Cuba at the time, including attending the memorial to Che Guevara in 1967. The bulk of the interview focuses on his music career in Cuba, and his work with his band Mescla. He discusses the state salary the Cuban government provides for his work as a musician and the creative freedom he feels the system offers him. Menendez also discusses his identity as an American living in Cuba, and his comfort moving in and out of both cultures. The of the video features a brief interview in Spanish with his wife who talks about being married to an American in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:23.

Menendez, Pablo: Interview "Cassette #7", 1988 May 16, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1078 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

Some portions of this interview are in Spanish and other are in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Paul (Pablo) Menendez and his family. It begins with his wife discussing her experience of being married to an American. She discusses visits to the United States, including New York City and California, and describes the experience as a first-hand lesson in capitalism. She discusses the reason she chose to live in Cuba over a life in the United States, and explains that as an actress she would rather perform in her country. Their son also joins the conversation and discusses his education at a music school where he is studying classical guitar. Menendez then discusses freedom of expression in Cuban music, and certain restrictions that the state places on music that it distributes. He ends with a brief discussion about his hopes for the world in the post-colonial era of the late-20th century.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:09.

Menendez, Pablo, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref315 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

The interview is primarily in English. Some conversational moments before the interview, and interview questions addressed to Osamu Menendez, are in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains two takes of an interview with Pablo Menendez, his wife Adria Santana, and their son Osamu Menendez. Pablo talks about how he came to study music in Cuba as a teenager, and meeting Adria at the National School of Art where they were both students. Adria speaks briefly about her work as an actress, and Osamu speaks about his musical and high school studies. Pablo discusses his music, Cuban music, and the New Song Movement in Cuba. Halfway through the video, the audio becomes out of sync and the family does a second take of their interview.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:29.

Menendez, Pablo: Still Images / Marjorie Moore in the Class, 1988 May 16-17, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1079 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

The first half of this video features shots Paul (Pablo) Menendez's family photographs. They feature images of Menendez with his family, friends, and band members. They also feature several images of his wife's stage performances. At minute 11:45 the tape changes to footage of Marjorie Moore's class on English for medical students. The bulk of this footage features Moore and her students working through course exercises.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:34.

Moore, Marjorie: Interview (part 1), 1988 May 15, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1072 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1072 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this interview with Marjorie Moore, she begins by introducing herself and explaining how she moved to Cuba in 1950 following her marriage to Cuban businessman Luis Rios. She discusses her wealthy life in Cuba prior to the revolution, and explains why she and her husband decided to stay. At minute 9:30 Rios joins the interview and they both describe their decisions to support the revolution despite pressure from Rios's family to leave the country. They discuss their lives and work after the revolution, and Moore talks specifically her contribution to Cuba's 1961 literacy campaign. Finally, they briefly discuss the housing shortage in Cuba, and explain that the shortage has forced them to share a home with their two adult daughters and grandchildren.

Historical/Biographical Note

Marjorie Moore (1920-2003) was born in the United States and studied at Columbia University. In 1946, she married a Cuban named Luis Rios and they moved to Cuba with their daughter Pamela in 1950. She remained in Cuba for the rest of her life. She was a teacher, headed a brigade of teachers in Cuba's Literacy Campaign and, in 1962, joined the English Department of what is now the Medical University of Havana. She is most known for her work in English for Medicine, teaching medical students English for the purpose of providing patients with better care.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 0:20:30.

Moore, Marjorie: Interview (part 2), 1988 May 15, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1073 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1073 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features portions of an interview with Marjorie Moore and her husband Luis Rios. Moore and Rios discuss what their lives were like prior to the Cuban revolution and their decision to stay in Cuba. Moore discusses her identity as an American living in Cuba, and her relationship with her family living in America. She explains that her family is not sympathetic to the revolution, and expresses disappointment that US and Cuba have not maintained better relations. Both Rios and Moore discuss how the revolution shaped the direction of their lives, and explain that they stayed in Cuba because of their positive impressions of Fidel Castro. They also briefly discuss raising children in Cuba and the community of Americans who came to live in Cuba following the revolution. Much of the interview features loud background noises that make portions difficult to hear.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:06.

Moore, Marjorie: Interview (part 3), 1988 May 15, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1075 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1075 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this brief interview Marjorie Moore discusses the difficulty of traveling to the United States from Cuba, and notes it has been 10 years since she last visited. She mentions her family's disapproval of her decision to remain in Cuba after the revolution and their unwillingness to visit her. She briefly discusses her work organizing a teacher training program for English teachers in Medical Science. The bulk of the video features background footage, including a brief discussion with Moore, her husband Luis Rios, their daughter Pamela, and her two children. The video also includes footage infrastructure problems in their neighborhood, and stills of black and white photographs of Moore and Rios in the 1950s.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:15:01.

Paskalitis, Barbara: At Work, 1988 May 23, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref289 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video features conversations in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a discussion with Barbara Paskalitis at her work in a jewelry workshop. Paskalitis begins by discussing her work cutting and shaping tortoise shells for necklaces, bracelets, and rings. She talks about her experience working in the factory and her relationship with her co-workers as the only American in the group. The video features conversations with several of Paskalitis's co-workers who talk about what it is like to work with Paskalitis and the work they perform in the company. The video ends with Paskalitis talking about the advancement of women's rights and economic independence in the period following the Cuban Revolution.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:08.

Paskalitis, Barbara: Interview with Family, 1988 May 22, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref274 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Barbara Paskalitis and her family at their home in Cuba. It begins with Paskalitis speaking about the reason she moved to Cuba, and what her life has been like since the revolution. She discusses her memories of shortages of food and services, but says that access to products has improved over the years. She and her family discuss aspects of life in Cuba that they appreciate, like access to free education and good employment. They also discuss shortcomings in Cuban life including poor transportation, housing shortages, and poor service in consumer establishments. Paskalitis and her family also discuss traveling to the United States as Cuban-Americans, and their encounters with American customs agents.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:00.

Paskalitis, Barbara: Interview "Cassette #15", 1988 May 18, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1084 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features and interview with Barbara Paskalitis and her family. The interview begins with Paskalitis introducing her family and explaining how they came to live in Cuba. She explains that her husband Paul, who was a Greek maritime worker, was deported from the United State during the McCarthy era. Paskalitis explains that Paul's union activism made him a political target during the McCarthy era, and her children describe the impact of his deportation on their family. Paskalitis describes how the family moved to Cuba in 1960 when Paul took a job working for the Cuban fishing industry. The family talks generally about adjusting to life in Cuba, their work, and their identities as Greek, American, and Cuban.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:19.

Paskalitis, Barbara: Interview "Cassette #16", 1988 May 18, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1085 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Barbara Paskalitis and her family begins with a discussion about the ways her life has changed since she moved to Cuba in 1960. Paskalitis describes a sense of security she feels in her job, and in her ability to get medical care as she and her husband get older. She also discusses how she is received as an American in Cuba, and her children Andrew and Marianne discuss some of the discrimination they faced when they were in primary school and at the university. The end of the interview features a discussion about problems they see in Cuba, notably continued shortage of goods and services, and a growing tourist industry that caters to tourists at the exclusion of Cubans.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:24.

Paskalitis, Barbara: At Work, At Home, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref312 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

The interviews are in English, and there are a few brief conversational portions with Barbara's coworkers in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains two interviews with Barbara Paskalitis. The first interview is at her workplace, where she talks about the work she did at a fur factory in the United States, the English tutoring she did when she first arrived in Cuba, and her current work as of the date of the interview. Her coworkers are crowded around her, and there is some footage of her working at her work station. The second part of the video contains footage of an interview with the Paskalitis family at home. Paul Paskalitis talks about his deportation from the United States during the McCarthy era due to his political beliefs and union activity, and each family member talks about what it was like to come to Cuba in 1960 at the beginning of the revolution.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:29.

Paskalitis, Barbara - Howie - Lois Kroehler, Matanzas, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref313 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

The interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with Estela directing cutaway shots of Barbara Paskalitis and her family. There is silent footage of the front gates of Seminario Evangélico, as well as street shots and footage of a woman and man driving into the seminary and unloading their car. Lois K. Matanzas talks about her work at the seminary teaching English and music, and living in Cuba. The video ends with some silent footage of the seminary grounds.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:11:12.

Proctor, Olita: Interview with Mother and Fiancé, circa 1989

Box: 98, DVD: ref1316 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The first half of this interview is in English and the second half is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video features an interview with Olita Proctor, an American living in Cuba, and her mother and fiancé. Proctor begins by discussing how she first moved to Cuba in 1971 after traveling to the country with the progressive student group the Venceremos Brigade. She explains that she felt at home in Cuba and decided to stay after being expelled from her American high school because of her political activism. Proctor and her mother talk about racism in the United States, and Proctor explains that as a biracial woman she has felt more in welcome Cuba. She also discusses US policy toward Cuba, her hopes that the US embargo against Cuba will end, and her sense of shame about America's treatment of Cuba. At the end of the interview she expresses her hope that all of her cousins and nephews could come to Cuba to meet her Cuban family. Video quality of this recording is poor in places.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:23.

Rosensweig, Ellen: Interview; Burdsall, Lorna: Interview, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref320 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The initial interview is with Ellen Rosensweig, her Cuban husband, and her children. Rosensweig, who is originally from California, discusses her life in Cuba and makes comparisons with the United States. This is followed by an interview with Lorna Burdsall who founded and directed a modern dance school in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:39:01.

Luna. Marco A., 1988 May 22, inclusive

Box: 12, Cassette: ref278 (Material Type: video)

Moore, Marjorie in the Class "Cassette #9", 1988 May 17, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1080 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video features footage of Marjorie Moore's teacher training course on English for medical sciences. She lectures for several minutes and then takes questions from her students. At the end of the video Moore's students discuss their impressions of her as a teacher, and specifically what it is like to learn English from an American. Her students describe her as a supportive and hardworking teacher, although several admit that they were initially intimidated by her class.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:52.

"Margaret in the Class #10", 1988 May 17, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1081 (Material Type: video)

"Olita P. Yoda," "Fiesta", 1988 April 10, inclusive

Box: 12, Cassette: ref269 (Material Type: video)

Proctor, Olita: Interview, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref311 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

These interviews are in English, but brief portions of Olita's interview are in Spanish when she or Estela speak with Olita's fiancé.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with a clip from an interview with Barbara Paskalitis and her family. They briefly discuss how long they were in Cuba, and Estela directs cutaway shots of family members. The larger portion of the video contains footage from an interview with Olita Proctor and her fiancé, Christopher Fernandez. Olita talks about her activism in Berkeley, California; coming to Cuba as a high schooler with the Venceremos Brigade; her studies; and work in Cuba since then. She discusses her feeling of being at home in Cuba, US perceptions of Cuba, and her experiences with immigration and customs during her visits to the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:03.

Proctor, Olita: Interview, circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref314 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

There is image loss on top half of the screen through the entire video. This video contains footage of an interview with Olita Proctor and her fiancé, Christopher Fernandez. They talk about their relationship, wedding, and the community they live in. Olita talks about her life in the United States before coming to Cuba, her family and their visits to Cuba, overcoming the language barrier when she first arrived, her work at the psychiatric hospital, and Cuba's mental health system. The last few minutes consists of cutaway footage.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:23.

"Still Photo Olita and Team at Hospital", 1988 May 22, inclusive

Box: 42, Cassette: ref1086 (Material Type: video)

"Olita Exterior house- Hospital - Mazorra", 1988 May 19, inclusive

Box: 12, Cassette: ref277 (Material Type: video)

"Matanzas", circa 1988

Box: 14, Cassette: ref326 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is primarily in Spanish but the first five minutes and subsequent background conversations are in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains a church worship service in which people sing, read scripture, and pray. After the service, the people discuss their opinions about living in Cuba. There is also footage of the interior and exterior of the church.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:11.

"Video Clip," "Pelicula del libro del tanger," and "Archivo de los Mundialgo de Baseball", circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 48, Cassette: ref1089 (Material Type: video)

Footage: Streets in Guantanamo City - Elfriede Mahler, Jean [McEvoy] and Estela Bravo, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 78, DVD: ref291 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:14:17.

Footage: Guantanamo, circa 1988, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref322 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:11:01.

Series II: Camp Kinderland in Havana, 2000, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

This 38-minute film documents a trip to Havana associated with Camp Kinderland, a progressive Jewish camp in Tolland, Massachusetts. It features over 100 American citizens between the ages of 16 and 80. In the film camp members tour schools, a cigar factory, synagogues, and Cuba's monument to the Rosenbergs near Revolution Square.

Camp Kinderland in Havana, 2000, inclusive

Box: 73, DVD: 13 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length version of the film Camp Kinderland in Havana.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of this DVD is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

Camp Kinderland Members at Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Memorial, 2003

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_1 (Material Type: electronic records)

Scope and Contents

Includes several short videos of clips speakers at an event at the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Memorial in Havana.

Digital materials

Camp Kinderland Members at Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Memorial: 2003- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Series III: Children in Debt, 1987, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

The 29-minute documentary Children in Debt (Niños Deudores) examines problems caused from the debts owed by Latin American countries to the United States. Released in 1985, the film looks at the ways in which poverty, hunger, and changes to government programs that resulted from these internationals debts affected ordinary citizens, specifically children. In addition to the full-length documentary, the footage in this series includes interviews and visuals from the filming in Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, and Columbia.

Niños Deudores, 1987, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref2 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length version of the film Children in Debt. This film is in Spanish and contains subtitles in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:29:00.

Children in Debt, 1988 May 5, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref957 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This documentary is in Spanish with subtitles in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains a complete version of the documentary Children in Debt. Audio and video quality are poor at the beginning and end of this video.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:45:04.

Children in Debt, 1987, inclusive

reel: ref2156_01 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref2156_02 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Extent

2 Reels

Children in Debt, 1987, inclusive

reel: ref2163 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Children in Debt, 1987, inclusive

reel: ref2168 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

"Children in Debt, Old Version, Spanish (Master)", 1987, inclusive

Box: 44, Cassette: ref951 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt, Spanish (Master)", 1987, inclusive

Box: 44, Cassette: ref952 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt (Master)", 1987, inclusive

Box: 44, Cassette: ref953 (Material Type: video)

Children in Debt, 1987, inclusive

Box: 44, Cassette: ref954 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt, with English subtitles (Master)", 1987, inclusive

Box: 44, Cassette: ref955 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt, with English subtitles (Master)", 1987, inclusive

Box: 43, Cassette: ref956 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt- Peru", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 27, U-matic: ref643 (Material Type: video)

"Children in Debt- Peru", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 27, U-matic: ref649 (Material Type: video)

"8 Plus Interview with Economist", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 26, Cassette: ref597 (Material Type: video)

"Alcade (Mayor) Barrantes Entrevista", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 26, Cassette: ref602 (Material Type: video)

Argentina - footage of political event followed by scenes at an office of the National Food Program (Programa Alimentario Nacional), circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref595 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:00.

"Argentina #2 Street Talking about debt in Argentina", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1208 (Material Type: video)

"Argentina #9 Visuals Neon Signs with Priest outside Church (Father Fascinelli)", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 52, Box: ref1209 (Material Type: video)

Barrantes, Alfonso: Interview, 1980s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref596 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Augusto Alfonso Barrantes Lingan (1927-2000) was a socialist, labor lawyer, and mayor of Lima, Peru, from 1983-1987. He promoted the installation of kitchens in the city's slums and is known for his Vaso de Leche (Glass of Milk) campaign to ensure a daily glass of milk for every child in Lima.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:00.

Barrantes, milk campaign, other footage (Peru), circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref598 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:00.

Barrantes, Alfonso, Milk Program, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1217 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Peruvian politician Alfonso Barrantes touring a neighborhood in Lima, Peru and speaking to community members about his "Vaso de Leche" (Glass of Milk) program. The footage shows Barrantes speaking with community members and shows children drinking milk that the local government supplies to hungry children in the city. The video then features a teacher from a local school who explains how the program works. Many of the parents and educators featured in brief interviews mention that prior to the program the children in the village had never tasted milk.

Biographical / Historical

Alfonso Barrantes was the mayor of Lima, Peru from 1984-1986.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:16.

"Cassette #3 Children in Debt", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1207 (Material Type: video)

"Colombia in front of Plaza Bolivar, street interview, provivienda", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1212 (Material Type: video)

"Colombia Monvita street visuals", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: Shared Tamiment 012, U-matic: ref1215 (Material Type: video)

García, Alan: Speech at Plaza de Armas, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1203 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a speech by Peruvian President Alan García delivered at the Plaza de Armas sometime around the year 1987. García calls for unity among Latin American nations to fight against the crisis of foreign debt facing their countries. He criticizes wealthy nations in the north, international banks, creditors, and global financial organizations for taking advantage of Latin America. He argues that economic imperialism has led to Peru's fiscal crisis and has created extreme suffering and poverty in Peru. He contends that the only way to push back against the insurmountable debt payments is through unity among Latin American nations.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:56.

"Last Chile," "#1 Debt," and "Argentina", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1219 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of a play. At minute 6:20 it changes to still images of a funeral procession. Then at minute 8:45 it changes to footage of on-the-street interviews in Argentina. Estela Bravo asks several individuals about the country's political situation and foreign debt. Several of the interviewees express frustration with the country's politics, arguing that there is high unemployment and little opportunity for the average citizen to create political change. Several individuals discuss the country's foreign debt. They question the government's ability to pay its debt and argue that average communities suffer in poverty in the meantime.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 0:22:08.

Bump: Mexico Visuals from Earthquake and Flower Girl, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1235 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

The first portion of this video features footage of Mexico City following the 1985 earthquake that damaged large portions of the city. This footage does not contain any audio, but at times audio from unrelated content can be heard in the background. At minute 10:24 the video changes to footage of a young boy and girl who explain that they sell flowers to support their family and pay for school. During a brief interview with Estela Bravo the boy and girl also talk about other children who take drugs, although they say they do not. Bravo then interviews several children on the street who are taking drugs and asks them why they were attracted to drugs.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:13:22.

"Muestra de Niños Deudores in escuela cubana" (Piece/sample of Children in Debt in Cuban school), circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1205 (Material Type: video)

"Niños Escuela Mirando", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1201 (Material Type: video)

Peru: Market and Street, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1225 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video begins with background footage of a city in Peru. It focuses on homelessness and poverty in the city. At minute 11:24 the video changes to a Peruvian television program titled "Peru Imagen," which focuses on Peruvian history, culture, and landscapes.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:55:58.

"Provivienda Monjita", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1202 (Material Type: video)

Street Interviews: Debt in Argentina, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1213 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features on-the-street interviews with Argentinians in the mid-1980s discussing the effect of foreign debt on their country. Many talk about the negative consequences of the debt on the country's children, poor, and elderly. Estela Bravo asks many members of the crowd what will happen if Argentina decides not to pay the debt. Many express their concern that the poor will suffer, and others discuss the possibility of Latin American countries collectively deciding not to pay the debt. One member of the crowd suggests that without unity among Latin American nations the decision to not pay would result in economic chaos. Several men in the crowd note that they have been out of work for many years, and others speculate about what will happen in Argentina's future.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:22.

Street Interviews: Peru / Ugarteche, Óscar: Beginning of Interview, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1214 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with on-the-street interviews with people in Peru discussing the effect of foreign debt on their country. Some individuals suggest that the debt is the fault of the investing class, while others express their concerns about the poor and the lack of investment in schools and social services. Several members of the crowd argue about whether Peru should pay the debt or whether they should attempt to resist foreign investors and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In another short interview two boys tell the story of a child who was abandoned in a park by his impoverished parents. At minute 14:00 the video changes to an interview with Peruvian economist Óscar Ugarteche. He describes the conditions that led to the debt crisis in Peru and expresses his skepticism about the country's ability to pay the debt.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:21.

Ugarteche, Óscar: End of Interview / Alan García at the Plaza de Armas, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1224 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features the end of an interview with Peruvian economist Óscar Ugarteche. He discusses the economic crisis in Peru. In the interview, which was recorded in the mid-1980s, Ugarteche explains that the crisis had been building for over 10 years, and while the government focused on paying its international debt, it was not investing in the economy. He discusses the crisis of poverty, childhood hunger, and unemployment, and discusses economic changes that he thinks the country should take to emerge from the crisis. At minute 9:55 the video changes to a rally for Peruvian politician Alan García. Rally footage is incomplete and only contains short segments of his speech. The end of the video features footage of a concert.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:15:34.

Street Visuals, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1216 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of children and families on the streets and in slums in a city in South America. The country in which the footage was filmed is unclear, but it features children washing car windshields and selling candies on the streets to earn money. It also features footage of families living on the street, children bathing in fountains, and children gathering water in a shanty town outside the city.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:38.

"Students, Police, Street (CH11)", circa 1984-1986, inclusive

Box: 53, Cassette: ref1241 (Material Type: video)
Box: Shared Tamiment 056, DVD: ref1241 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features street footage and footage from a school in Bogotá, Colombia. It begins with two teachers at a kindergarten discussing the services they provide for poor children in the community. They describe the schools as a consistent source of food for local children. They also discuss high unemployment in the country and child malnutrition. The footage shows the children in the school singing songs and participating in a lesson on the alphabet. The video then changes to street footage of a slum outside of Bogotá where one of the teachers discusses the effects of foreign debt on the economy, the growth of slums, her Christian belief in Liberation Theology, and efforts to improve conditions in poor communities in the city. The video then cuts to footage of a different part of the city showing children selling goods on the street.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:29.

Peruvian New Reports: Drought, Unemployment, and Child Hunger, circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1221 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a series of clips from Peruvian news segments. The news segments feature reports on an extreme drought that destroyed crops and livestock in Peruvian agricultural regions, health conditions in poor communities, child hunger, an encampment of protesters seeking government assistance, and interviews with individuals about the state of the Peruvian economy. The footage features a segment titled "Enquesta," in which a reporter asks children what they ate for breakfast, and a number of the children reply that they had no breakfast at all.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:22.

"With Priest in Poor Neighborhood (Argentina)", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1204 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of a village in Argentina. It begins with a guide describing the poverty within the community. Estela Bravo then interviews several men on the street who talk about closed factories and unemployment. She tours an area where an irrigation ditch is filled with garbage, and interviews several men who make money collecting and re-selling garbage for parts. She also interviews a young boy selling candy on the street to help feed his family. The guide later explains to Bravo that the community relies on schools as a consistent source of food for children, and blames Argentina's dictatorship for the debt and austerity that has impoverished the community.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:52.

"With Priest in Poor Neighborhood, Argentina #10", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1220 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This videos features footage of a community center in a poor village in Argentina that serves food and provides medical services to children in the community. The footage begins with an interview with the priest who supports the center. He discusses the problem of hunger in the community and explains that they feed 270 children. He explains that many parents are unemployed and cannot provide food for their children. The priest also shows Estela Bravo a baby at the community center, and explains that it is the child of a 13-year-old girl. He explains that young girls seek work as domestic servants, but those jobs were increasingly difficult to obtain and some turned to prostitution. The end of the video features an interview with two doctors at the center. They explain that they treated problems of malnutrition and parasitic infections, which were caused by unsanitary living conditions and lack of clean drinking water.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:34.

"With Priest in Poor Neighborhood, Argentina #11", circa 1987, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1218 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a tour of a poor village in Argentina. It begins with footage of children sharing lunch in a school, and features shots of the streets and people in the village. The footage shows a priest speaking with people in the village, greeting them, and introducing them to Estela Bravo. Bravo asks several men and women about their country's foreign debt, and several speak about the extreme poverty in their community, the lack of jobs, and their dependence on government support. The priest shows Bravo a field fill with garbage and describes how men in the village sort the garbage and sell what they gather for parts. He explains that it is dangerous work, which contributes to many diseases in the community, and that the villagers live among the garbage daily.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:53.

Series IV: A Conversation with García Márquez about his Friend Fidel, 2014, inclusive

A Conversation with García Márquez about his Friend Fidel, 2014, inclusive

Box: 73, DVD: 15 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length version of the documentary A Conversation with García Márquez about his Friend Fidel. This documentary is in Spanish with subtitles in English, and runs 32 minutes.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of this DVD is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

Bravo with Gabriel García Márquez, 2003

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_2 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Bravo with Gabriel García Márquez: 2003- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Series V: Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle, 1990-1998, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle (Cuba y Sudáfrica: Después de la Batalla) relates the history of the Angola's war for independence and Cuba's contribution to the war efforts. The 58-minute documentary examines the motivations and consequences of the war. In addition to copies of the full-length documentary, this series contains footage shot in Angola and Cuba, which includes interviews with soldiers and families of those who were killed.

Historical/Biographical Note

Estela Bravo filmed After the Battle on location in Angola, South Africa, Namibia and Cuba following the 1998 surrender of South African troops in the Angolan war of independence. It was released in 1990, and in 1991 it won a Silver Apple Award for Best Film in War and Peace category at the National Educational Film and Video Festival in Oakland, California.

Cuba y Sudáfrica: Después de la Batalla, 1991, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref4 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length feature of the film Cuba y Sudáfrica: Después de la Batalla. This film is in Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:00.

Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle, 1990, inclusive

Box: 73, DVD: 5, 6, 14 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Extent

3 DVDs

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of these DVDs is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle, circa 1990, inclusive

reel: ref2157_01 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref2157_02 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref2157_03 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref2157_04 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Extent

4 Reels

Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle, 1990, inclusive

reel: ref2164_01 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref2164_02 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Extent

2 Reels

Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle, 1990 July 31, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref978 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This documentary is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video contains a complete version of the documentary Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:51.

"After the Battle (English) 1st Cut", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 39, Cassette: ref688 (Material Type: video)

"After the Battle (2nd Version)", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 65, Cassette: ref1310 (Material Type: video)

"After the Battle 2nd Version R12", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref1372 (Material Type: video)

Papenfus, Johan: Interview, Airport, 1989 November 29, inclusive

Box: 39, Cassette: ref686 (Material Type: video)

Papenfus, Johan: Interview "Bump", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref687 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

Portions of this video are in English while others are in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video contains various clips documenting the exchange of Cuban prisoners in Namibia for the South African soldier Johan Papenfus. The video begins with several short clips, and at minute 2:48 switches to an interview with Cuban soldiers talking about Papenfus. Minute 7:00-18:29 features an interview with Papenfus conducted by Estela Bravo. Beginning at minute 18:30 the video shows footage of Papenfus traveling back to South Africa, which makes up the bulk of the video. The video also contains short interviews with Cuban soldier Bernardo Heredia, who was held as a prisoner of war by South Africa and was one of several people exchanged for Papenfus. Two portions of the interview with Hererida begin at minute 22:15 and minute 44:32.

Historical/Biographical Note

Johan Papenfus was a South African soldier who was injured in the South African Border War and held as a Cuban prisoner of war.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:01.

"Papenfus leaving airport", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 42, Cassette: ref759 (Material Type: video)

Footage: Returning from Angola "Barco, Travelling, Raul-Risquet discussion, Sala Universal", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 66, Cassette: ref1325 (Material Type: video)
Box: 86, DVD: ref1325 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Video

Footage: Returning from Angola "Barco, Travelling, Raul-Risquet discussion, Sala Universal"

Footage: "Traveling, Poor Houses", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1274 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video beings with footage filmed from the front seat of car traveling down a South African highway. It features footage of the car driving past poor communities on the outskirts of a city and then shows the car traveling into the city center. The second half of the video features of a hotel where diplomats from various countries including the United States, Soviet Union, and Cuba gathered for a meeting. The footage features several diplomats seated at a table in anticipation for the meeting.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:12:41.

Footage: "South Africa, parts for the final edition", circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref247 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage from After the Battle including interviews with individuals discussing Namibia and apartheid.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:25:15.

Interviews with various individuals (Cubans and South Africans) concerning the war in Angola, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref639 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

Interviews with South African soldiers concerning the war in Angola (South Africa), circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref245 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:50:17.

Park Central: Interviews, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1383 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video features street footage of Havana, Cuba. It features footage of traffic and people riding bicycles. It also features footage of people fishing in Havana Bay. At minute 9:20 it features on-the-street interviews with several elderly men in a park. Estela Bravo asks them about Cubans living abroad, and the possibility of diplomatic relations improving between the United States and Cuba. She also asks them how the blockade has affected their lives.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:16:23.

Park Central: Interviews about War in Angola, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1388 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

The first 30 minutes of this video features interviews with Cubans in the Parque Central in Havana. Estela Bravo asks about Cuba's support of Angola's war against South Africa, and the Cuban troops coming home from the war. Members of the crowd describe their understanding of the war and Cuba's reason for supporting the Angola. Many express their approval of Cuba's role in the war and speak generally about racial equality and the need to fight against apartheid in South Africa. One man discusses his reason for not volunteering to fight, and he argues with many others in the crowd. The second half of this video features an assortment of clips from footage in South Africa including a musical concert, short interviews with South Africans and Angolans, crowd footage, and Cubans who fought in Namibia. When footage is in English, Bravo speaks over the footage translating into Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:32.

Reception for Former Prisoners - Angola, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 42, Cassette: ref828 (Material Type: video)

Reception for Returning Prisoners in Angola, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref819 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video includes footage of a reception welcoming Cuban soldiers home upon their return from Angola. The video begins with soldiers disembarking from a plane and shaking hands with Cuban military and civil leaders. It continues with footage of a military procession, and at minute 6:25 several speakers address the crowd. Speakers congratulate the Cuban soldiers on their successful mission in Angola and praise solidarity between Cuba and the Angolan people. They also celebrate Cuban solidarity with revolutionary movements across Latin America and Africa and talk about the memory of the Cuban revolution.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:09.

Images of the War in Angola, 1998 November 18, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref236 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with edited portions of the documentary Cuba/South Africa: After the Battle. The video also features some raw footage including Fidel Castro discussing military forces and strategy in Angola, and footage of Cuban and Namibian troops in training exercises.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:16.

Footage: Castro in Angola, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref738 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video consists of three separate clips filmed by Estela Bravo. The first portion features a speech to a crowd of Angolan and Cuban soldiers after the 1989 ceasefire between Angola and South Africa. The speaker is not filmed; instead footage focuses on individuals in the crowd including Fidel Castro, Angolan soldiers, and several children. The speaker praises the role of the Cuban military, the Namibian political party SWAPO, and international solidarity. After the speech Castro greets members of the crowd. At minute 16:17 the video switches to footage of equipment in an industrial yard and the construction of a truck trailer. At minute 18:49 it changes to footage of a ballet performance.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:26.

Cacahual Memorial, circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1384 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video begins with a brief interview with a police officer in Guantanamo, Cuba. At minute 3:56 it changes to footage of a military rally at the Cacahual Monument features a military procession and public memorial to Cuban soldiers who died fighting in Angola. The video initially focuses on faces in the crowd, and starts and stops several times. Footage eventually turns to the speaker who celebrates the bravery of Cuban soldiers in Angola and the fight against the South African government in Namibia. He also praises Cuba's commitment to internationalism and support of people in the third world.

Historical Note

El Cacahual Mausoleum is a monument and resting place of Cuban military commander Antonio Maceo outside of Havana. It has become a national symbol to honor those who died during military service.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:55.

Series VI: The Cuban Excludables, 1989-1997, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

This series contains full-length copies of The Cuban Excludables (1994), as well as interviews with a variety of individuals including US District Judge Marvin Shoob; Wayne Smith, former head the United States Interests Section in Havana; and Dennis (Denny) McLain, a former American baseball player who spent time in prison with the Cuban detainees. Other interviewees include lawyers and human rights activists, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and Coast Guard employees; correctional officers and other prison staff, and the detainees themselves, along with family members. Of particular interest are interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau, deputy warden and chief medical officer at the Atlanta Penitentiary where detainees were held. Interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain were arranged and funded by 5th Estate Canadian Broadcasting System who used the footage for a period of time and then turned it over to the Bravos for their film.

In addition to the interviews, footage in this series contains news clips, footage from the prisons, interviews with the American families of some of the detainees, and scenes from Cuba, as the detainees arrived home and were reunited with their Cuban families. Walkiria Fernandez, an employee of the Cuban Ministry of the Interior, appears in many of the clips with the detainees once they arrive in Cuba. Some of the material is duplicative and there is large amount of background footage and shots of leaving and arriving planes.

Historical/Biographical Note

Estela and Ernesto Bravo filmed The Cuban Excludables after 1984 hearings, which granted the release of Cuban "excludable aliens" that had been indefinitely detained after serving prison sentences. The term "excludable alien" is a legal distinction that refers to immigrants or refugees who were not granted a path to citizenship because of criminal records. Approximately 2,500 of the Cubans who traveled to the United States during the Mariel Boatlift were given the "excludable" distinction and detained in American prisons. Estela and Ernesto Bravo interviewed detainees returning to Cuba and spoke with activists and attorneys involved in legal the battles.

In 1995, The Cuban Excludables won a Special Jury Prize at Cinefest, San Juan, Puerto Rico; and One World Award, Best Overseas Production on British TV, European Community BBC.

The Cuban Excludables, 1990, inclusive

Box: 73, DVD: 7, 8 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of these DVDs is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

The Cuban Excludables, 1997, inclusive

Box: 67, Cassette: ref945 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref945 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length feature of the film The Cuban Excludables.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:57:00.

The Cuban Excludables (from BFI), 1996 February 8, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref1390 (Material Type: video)

The Cuban Excludables (jca tv facilities) (from BFI), 1997, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref1391 (Material Type: video)

The Cuban Excludables, with Spanish subtitles, 1997, inclusive

Box: 45, Cassette: ref970 (Material Type: video)

The Cuban Excludables, Spanish, 1997, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref971 (Material Type: video)

Excludables Arrival in Cuba, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1095 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features brief interviews with Cuban detainees shortly after they were deported to Cuba. Several describe their experiences in the United States, discussing the prisons where they were held, experiences of racism, and difficulty of life in the US. For much of the video a woman speaks to the prisoners about how to rebuild their lives in Cuba. She explains that although they cannot return to their lives and families in the United State, they should try to adjust to living in Cuba as best as they can by reconnecting with family and finding work. Many of the prisoners can be seen crying and others are visibly distressed.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:12.

Aruca, Francisco: Studio and Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref264 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of Miami radio host Francisco Aruca speaking to callers on his radio program Ayer en Miami. The footage shows Aruca in his studio and then cuts to a brief interview. Aruca talks about reporting on the Cuban community in Miami, and how discussions about corruption in the community has angered many exiled Cubans in Miami. He also describes the difference between Cuban cultures in Miami and Havana, and explains the importance of maintaining a connection to Cuban culture for Cuban-Americans, notably through music. The end of the video features several news clips about the death of Jorge Mas Canosa, a leader among anti-Castro Cuban exiles in Miami. The final minutes of the video feature brief interview segments with Luis Ortega and Denny McLain.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:10.

Austin, Duke: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref279 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer Duke Austin focuses on the deportation and detention of Cuban excludable immigrants. Austin begins by discussing the deportation process and addresses concerns about family members who were not notified when their relatives were deported back to Cuba. He also discusses and defends the policies that led to the detention of Cuban immigrants, and the type of people who the United States detained. Austin compares United States immigration policy for Cubans with its policy for other countries, and details the process by which a deported Cuban could petition to be readmitted to the United States.

Biographical Note

Duke Austin was a US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:09.

Pablo and Guillermo (detainees), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1135 (Material Type: video)

Gloria [wife of Pablo] and Jenny: Interview, 1992 November 22, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1106 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with two women whose husbands were deported following their detention by the US Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). They both describe learning about their husbands' deportations only after they received a box of their belongings from the prison. They also describe the effect the deportations and separation have had on their families, and their fears that their husbands would be killed if they were returned to Cuba. They both express their desire to fight for their husbands return, and speak briefly about organizing efforts between other women whose husbands were deported.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:54.

Interview Pablo's Family, 1992 November 22

Box: 46, Cassette: ref1105 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape was so deteriorated that a digital transfer could not be completed.

Interview with Pablo's Family - York, PA, 1992 November 22

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1104 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Estela Bravo interviews the family of a Cuban excludable, or excluible, named Pablo. Pablo had been deported from the United States and repatriated to Cuba as part of an immigration accord made between the countries in 1984. This video contains footage of an interview with Pablo's wife Gloria, and their children. Gloria and her son Peter talk about their relationship with Pablo, his incarceration and deportation, and their struggles without him.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:54.

"Pablo - Final Salvador - Walkeria", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1118 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video features Pablo Arayo's homecoming to his community after being deported from the United States and detained by Cuban authorities. His family tells Estela about the community activist who helped facilitate his release, and calls her forward to speak to Estela. She tells Estela about her work and Pablo's case. She says that Pablo did not leave Cuba to be incarcerated as a revolutionary in the United States, and that now in Cuba he can get job training and be close to his family. The video ends with close-ups and cutaways of Pablo's family and friends in background conversations.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:00.

Excludables "Pablo" and Orlando Sierra: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1133 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features interviews between Linden McIntyre and two Cuban detainees who were deported to Cuba. The first, Pablo, speaks with McIntyre about how US prisons profited off of the government funds they received for holding Cuban excludable aliens. Later they discuss his family, and Pablo cries as he explains that he does not know if he will be able to see them again. The next interview features Orlando Sierra who describes the events that led to his detention by US immigration and the confusing legal process he went through before he was deported. He describes being arrested for several non-violent crimes in the 1980s, being detained by immigration in 1991, and not understanding why he was deported or flagged by immigration at that time.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:43.

Combined Festival and Archival Footage, 1992 September 4

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1153 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains multiple edited news segments with voiceovers by Estela describing the Cuba Travel Festival. The festival was created to introduce travel and hospitality workers to Cuba as a travel destination for North Americans. Also in the video is archival footage of the 1976 bombing of Cubana Flight 455 that killed the Cuban fencing team. The end of the video contains an interview that is inaudible.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:21.

Ciello Interview, 1992 December 4

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1115 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is primarily in Spanish with some English.

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains an interview with Ciello, who discusses his thoughts about Cuba and why he chose to leave his country. He talks about the Fort Chaffee uprising in 1980, where Cuban refugees from the Mariel boatlift were detained, and how the refugees detained there rioted against the conditions at the camp and governmental processing problems. He further discusses the challenges Cuban refugees face in the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:27.

Ciello Interview in Miami, 1992 December 4

Box: 60, Cassette: ref1151 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Ciello discusses the conditions of the refugee camps in the United States following the Mariel boatlift, with particular focus on the refugees' mental health challenges.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:45.

Howington, Doug: Interview (Captain of Guards, Atlanta Prison), 1992 December 1

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1094 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

The video contains footage of an interview with Doug Howington, who was a Captain at U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia where Cuban detainees rioted in November 1987. Howington talks about his experience during the riots, and its aftermath. Following the interview are shots of the prison grounds at night, as well as interior shots.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:16.

Ketchel, Terry: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1147 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Terry Ketchel talks about the legal, immigration, and personal challenges she faced with her fiancé, Gulliermo, when he was arrested and deported.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:30.

Ketchel, Terry: Interview, Diner Shots, 1992 November 27

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1127 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage from an interview with Terry Ketchel at the diner where she works. She talks about her fiancé, Guillermo, and their separation due to his deportation. The rest of the video consists of cutaway shots of Terry, footage of the diner, and Terry at work.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:30.

Leshaw, Gary: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1120 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with attorney Gary Leshaw. Leshaw begins with a discussion about Dr. Bolivar Martineau and his reputation the Atlanta Penitentiary. He then turns to a discussion about Judge Marvin Shoob and his work on behalf of the detainees. The interview includes and in-depth discussion about the significance of the term "excludable alien" and how if differs from "deportable aliens". It also includes an explanation of how the immigration status of the Mariel Cubans differed from the status of other Cuban immigrants who were granted refugee status. He also describes political fights over the status of the Mariel Cubans including comments by Rudy Giuliani, and his expectation for how the Clinton administration will handle the case.

Historical/Biographical Note

Gary Leshaw was an attorney with the Atlanta Legal Aid Society who resented Cuban detainees at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:21.

Leshaw, Gary: Interview, 1992 November 28, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref397 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with attorney Gary Leshaw. Leshaw begins by discussing how he came to represent Cuban detainees known as "excludables" through the organization Atlanta Legal Aid. He talks at length about the policy of US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) that led to the detention of these people, and his firm's attempts to obtain trails for the detainees. He later discusses attempts to end the detention of Cuban excludable aliens through legislation, but suggests that they did not have significant support from the Cuban community in the US to pass legislation in their favor. He ends the tape with a short discussion about Judge Marvin Shoob's attempts to secure due process for the detainees.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:17.

Leshaw, Gary: Interview, 1992 November 28

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1108 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Gary Leshaw, an attorney for many of the Cubans at the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, talks about the riots there in November 1987, the families of the detainees, and corruption surrounding their deportations and releases. The filmmakers share particular legal cases they had heard about for Leshaw's input. Leshaw also shares his experiences regarding the cases he worked, the families he worked with, and what he had heard regarding corrupt dealings that prison authorities had with detainees.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:30.

Martineau, Bolivar, 1992 November 28, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref1139 (Material Type: video)

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref329 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:08:01.

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1037 (Material Type: video)

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview, 1992 November 28, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1038 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau begins with a discussion about the prison riots in the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in 1984 and 1987. He discusses how the riots affected prison staff and how relationships between staff who were taken hostage and those who were not changed after those events. He also describes some of the Mariel Cubans he worked with in the prison and discusses what he thinks will happen to many of them if they are deported to Cuba. The end of this interview features a lengthy discussion about prison tattoos and their meanings.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:54.

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview (part 1), 1992 November 29, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref239 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau. Dr. Martineau begins by describing how he became involved in treating Cuban detainees in American prisons. He describes his first experience working with detainees at the Fort Chaffee prison in Arkansas, and later at the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta. Martineau discusses riots by Cuban detainees in several prisons and the psychological disorders he witnessed in many of the detainees. He describes many detainees as having unclear diagnoses and unpredictable behavior, and recounts the story of one detainee who committed suicide while in custody. At the end of the interview he begins to discuss his psychiatric evaluations of detainees at Atlanta.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:46.

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview (part 3), 1992 December 3

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1113 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Dr. Bolivar Martineau describes his work in the psychiatric ward in the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. He talks about the 1987 riots and the Marielitos (refugees of the 1980 Mariel boatlift). He speaks briefly about his visits to Cuba with the deported detainees and their treatment by Cuban guards upon their arrival.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:42.

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview; Additional Footage, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref319 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This footage appears relate to both The Cuban Excludables and Miami-Havana. In addition to the Bolivar Martineau interview footage, it also contains shots of the anti-Castro paramilitary organization Alpha 66; right-wing radio station Radio MAMBI; and a Pastors for Peace caravan featuring Reverend Lucius Walker.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:45:55.

Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview (part 1), 1992 December 3

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1093 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Dr. Bolivar Martineau speaks generally about psychiatric issues, and then focuses more particularly on the Marielitos (refugees of the 1980 Mariel boatlift), the mental health issues they faced, and the patterns he observed among that population.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:39.

Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview (part 2), 1992 December 3, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1110 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau conducted by Canadian journalist Linden McIntyre. In the interview Martineau discusses how he started working at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta where he treated Cuban detainees. He discusses the people he treated and describes many of them as suffering from a wide range of mental illnesses. He describes the psychiatric ward he presided over at the prison, the reason for its creation, and the ways in which his staff diagnosed, and treated Cuban detainees. McIntyre specifically asks Martineau to speak about the use of the sedative Thorazine to subdue patients, and address complaints from former prisoners about abuses in the psychiatric ward.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:54.

Martineau, Denny McLain, Dr. Barrientos "Use for Bump", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 50, Cassette: ref1168 (Material Type: video)

Demagne, Jorge Luis and Daniel Iglesias: Interview about Dr. Martineau, 1992 November 11, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1154 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1154 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this interview two Cuban detainees Jorge Luis Demagne and Daniel Iglesias discuss their treatment in United States prisons in Atlanta, Georgia and Talladega, Alabama. They begin by discussing how they met and the circumstances that led to their detention. They discuss the prison riot in Atlanta, and the treatment of detainees at the prison. The bulk of the interview focuses on the treatment of Cuban detainees by Dr. Bolivar Martineau, who they said performed medical experiments on them and administered the drug Thorazine without their consent as a means to control their behavior.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:02.

"Martineau Watching Video", 1992 December 3, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1112 (Material Type: video)

McLain, Denny: Interview (part 1) / Ayer in Miami, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1138 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1138 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The first segment of this video is in Spanish. The interview with Denny McLain is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video audio from the radio program Ayer in Miami and a segment of an interview with American baseball player Denny McLain. The first 14:00 minutes contain no video, but feature a portion of the radio program Ayer in Miami, hosted by Francisco Aruca. During the program Aruca takes phone calls from listeners with comments and questions about Cuban politics. At minute 15:41 the tape changes to an interview with Denny McLain. In this segment, McLain discusses his memories of prison psychologist Dr. Bolivar Marineau. He discusses how Martineau and other prison doctors used drugs like Thorazine and lithium on inmates to control their behavior, and talks generally about the poor conditions in prison hospitals.

Historical/Biographical Note

Dennis Dale "Denny" McLain (1944- ) is an American former professional baseball player. McLain was convicted of embezzlement in 1985 and sentenced to 25 years in prison. While serving his sentence, McLain was housed in the same prison as many of the Cuban detainees.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:15

McLain, Denny: Interview #1 (tape 4), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1143 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Denny McLain discusses his opinions about the political and foreign policies of President Ronald Reagan and President George H. W. Bush, and his optimism for the Clinton Administration. He describes his experiences as an inmate at the US Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, talking about the conditions and treatment of the Cuban detainees at the prison, and how it led up to the riot in 1987.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:36.

McLain, Denny: Interview #2, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1122 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

In this video, Denny McLain begins with his account of corruption in the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. He asserts that attorney Herb Shafer took payments from Cuban inmates who wanted to be transferred from the medium-security facility to the minimum-security prison camp outside. McLain speaks about reporting this to the FBI, and reporting other illicit activities taking place in the prison to Atlanta newspapers.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:18.

McLain, Denny: Interview #3 (Tape 6), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1144 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape was so deteriorated that a digital transfer could not be completed.

McLain, Denny "Unjust Government, Theft, Corruption", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1158 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage from a longer interview with Denny McLain. Denny McLain talks broadly about his life as well as his experience being in the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia with the Marielitos (refugees of the 1980 Mariel boatlift).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:08:30.

Sandidge, Sally and Carla Dudeck: Interview / Leshaw, Gary: Interviews, 1993 April 10, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref420 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

These interviews are in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with a joint interview with Atlanta Legal Aid volunteers Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck. They begin by discussing the legal situation of the Mariel Cubans detained in the US Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta. They discuss touring the prison and the treatment of detainees that they witnessed. They also discuss meeting Dr. Bolivar Martineau and his work in the psychiatric ward of the prison. Finally, they discuss their legal work and constitutionality of the detention of the Cuban refugees. At minute 11:30 the video changes to an interview with Atlanta Legal Aid attorney Gary Leshaw. He describes his organization's attempts to secure trials for Cuban detainees and talks at length about the Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) policy that led to the detention of the Cubans.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:18.

Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview #2 "Signs, Due Process, Abuses in Prisons, State Jails, Mental Problems", circa 1993, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1129 (Material Type: video)

Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview, circa 1993, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1393 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck begins with a discussion about how the two women became involved in activism on behalf the Mariel Cubans detained at the US Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. They describe learning about the case of the Cuban detainees from an acquaintance they knew through Christian social activism. They explain that their acquaintance had been arrested and sent to Atlanta, and encouraged them to advocate for the Cuban detainees he met there. They describe their early activism, meeting family members of the detainees, and the individual stories of the men they met in the prison.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:28.

Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 1), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref412 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob. Before the interview begins Shoob and Estela Bravo informally discuss Dr. Bolivar Martineau and baseball player Denny McLain. The official interview begins around minute 3:00 and features a discussion about Cubans who were detained by Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS), and the difficulty of obtaining individual trials for these people. He shares a story about a man who he argued never should have been detained by INS, but was held in a US prison for several years because of what he describes as an arbitrary decision and a failure to individually address his case. Shoob also discusses his attempts to gain the release of several detainees and the resistance he encountered from the federal government and prison administrators.

Historical/Biographical Note

Judge Marvin Herman Shoob (1923- ) is a US Federal Judge who ruled against indefinite detention of Cuban refugees that were being held in American prisons.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:14.

Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 2), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1157 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this interview Judge Marvin Shoob discusses his defense of Cuban detainees' rights of habeas corpus, and the Supreme Court's decision not to hear his case. He also shares a story how his experiences during World War II influenced his approach to his career as a judge. He discusses controversial statements former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani made about the Cuban detainees Shoob wanted released, and the consequences of those statements on his safety and the process of releasing individuals. Finally, he describes conditions detainees faced in American prisons, which led some detainees to suicide or self-harm.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:11.

Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 3), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: Shared Tamiment 056, DVD: ref413 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob, Estela Bravo speaks with Shoob about his advocacy for Cuban detainees in American prisons. The beginning of the video discusses the 1987 Atlanta prison riots, and the role of Cuban detainees in those riots. At minute 12:43 Shoob's wife joins the conversation and talks about the death threats she and her husband received as a result of Judge Shoob's support of the Cuban detainees. The bulk of the interview discusses the human rights concerns about detaining Cuban exiles convicted of minor crimes indefinitely, and the policy decisions that led to their detention.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:46.

Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview / Van Ness, Sheila: Beginning of Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1160 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob. Shoob begins by outlining how he was assigned to the Cuban excludables cases and describing how these individuals first came to be detained. He describes reviewing the cases of the Cubans held at the Atlanta penitentiary, and talks at length about the legal situations that led to their detention and his efforts to get many of them released. Some of the content of this video is duplicated on other tapes, but this tape contains the most complete recording. At minute 49:00 the video changes to an interview with criminology professor Sheila Van Ness. She discusses the immigration trails for the Cuban detainees and the difficulty of advocating on their behalf. Van Ness describes how she interviewed many of the Cubans at the penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana and her perception of the legal process surrounding their cases.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:02:38.

Smith, Wayne: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1146 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with American diplomat Wayne Smith conducted by journalist Linden McIntyre. The interview begins with a discussion of the events that led to the Mariel Boatlift in 1980. Smith cites Cuban attempts to establish normalized immigration policies with the United States, hijackings of Cuban boats by individuals seeking to reach the US, and the occupation of the Peruvian embassy in Cuba in 1980. He talks at length about the legal status of the Mariel Cubans who were listed as excludable, and others who were paroled into the country upon arrival. He also discusses the unique situation of Mariel, and the human rights abuses that many Mariel Cubans faced after they were detained by US immigration.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:28.

Smith, Wayne: Interview, 1992 November 24, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref241 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview features American diplomat Wayne Smith speaking with Canadian journalist Linden McIntyre. The interview begins with a discussion of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, tensions that led to the crisis of the Mariel Boatlift, and the excludable immigrants that arrived in the United States among that group. Smith discusses diplomatic talks between Cuba and the United States that took place under the administration of Jimmy Carter, but were stalled after Ronald Reagan took office. He talks about this history of US immigration policy toward Cuba and expresses his hope that the incoming Clinton administration will normalize relations. The last 10 minutes of the video focus on interviewer Linden McIntyre and feature him restating questions to make them more succinct for the edited film.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:03.

Smith, Wayne: Interview (part 2), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1171 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This interview with American diplomat Wayne Smith begins with a discussion about Cubans attempting to cross the Strait of Florida on rafts, which transitions into a discussion about Cuban "excludable aliens." This part of the interview focuses on United States immigration policy toward Cuba, which Smith describes as a double standard when compared to countries like Haiti. He also discusses the US immigration policy that led to the detention of the Cuban "excludables," and criticizes the United States for not doing more to restore normal relations with Cuba. Smith discusses the political influence of the Miami Cuban community and expresses his disappointment that Cubans and American have not had the opportunity to communicate with each other for many years.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:21.

Smith, Wayne / Austin, Duke / Penalver, Rafael / Detainees: Interviews on Immigration, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1098 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The majority of this video is in English. Short segments are in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video consists of three separate interviews with American diplomat Wayne Smith, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer Duke Austin, and attorney Rafael Penalver. The three interviews focus on INS and US government policy that led to the detention of the Cuban "excludables." The interviews include discussion about the detention of Cuban "excludable aliens" from different perspectives, and include anecdotes about individuals held by US immigration services. The end of the video features a series of interviews with Cuban detainees after they were deported to Cuba. They discuss their treatment in American prisons and the events that led their detention.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:19.

Van Ness, Shela; Lawson, Earl, Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interviews, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref496 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains three separate interviews. The first interview is with criminology professor Shela Van Ness, who discusses the Talladega riots and her support of the detainees. In the second interview, Bravo speaks with Earl Lawson, a retired prison employee from Atlanta. In the final portion, Bravo interviews Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck, activists with the Coalition to Support Cuban Detainees.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

Airport Interviews, 1992 January 30

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1109 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is primarily in Spanish with some background conversations in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage of an U.S. Immigration plane landing in Cuba and the transfer of the prisoners from U.S. custody to Cuban authorities. The deported prisoners are transferred from the plane onto a bus. In her conversation with the prisoners, Estela explains she is making a film for viewers in London and asks their names, how long they were in the United States, and if they are happy to be back. The prisoners share their experiences living in the United States. Many talk about being happy to return after realizing that life in the United States was harder than they anticipated, such as with the discrimination they faced there. The video also includes cutaway, close-up, and background shots.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:18.

Airport, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 50, Cassette: ref1164 (Material Type: video)

"Airport, Plane, Entering Bus, Pablo and Guillermo", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1152 (Material Type: video)

Video

"Airport, Plane, Entering Bus, Pablo and Guillermo"

Airport Scenes and Interview Footage, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref371 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage of detainees boarding flights and arriving at a Cuban facility It features interviews with passengers in Spanish and footage of them boarding a plane. It contains an interview in English with a Department of Justice employee and interviews in Spanish with detainees during their flight.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:54.

"Atlanta Prison Doors, Hospital Interview", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1137 (Material Type: video)

"Block I": Airport Footage, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref495 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The first 13 minutes of this video contain footage of Cuban detainees at an airport. The remainder of the tape contains an unrelated commercial recording.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:00.

"Block II": Interview Footage, Detainees, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref391 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains interviews in Spanish with the detainees. The interviews discuss the prison experience and include discussions about abuse and Dr. Bolivar Martineau.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:00.

"Block III": Interview Footage with Detainees, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref390 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This footage features interviews in Spanish with detainees on a bus. In one interview, a detainee discusses the difficulties of being separated from his son.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:32:00.

"Block IV": B-roll, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref494 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains two sections of what appears to be B-roll of detainees at airport. The remainder contains footage of a speech, which is poor quality and difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:49:00.

"Block V": Footage, Various, Including Walkiria Fernandez and Detainee Interviews, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 81, DVD: ref491 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: 82, DVD: ref491 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In the first clip Walkiria Fernandez speaks to the detainees. The conversations are in Spanish. The screen cuts out between 00:14:44 and 00:16:22. Following the drop-out, there are additional interviews with detainees on bus and at airport. In their interviews they discuss general abuses at the prison and Dr. Martineau. The last ten minutes of the video is damaged and contains content that is difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:00.

Bloque VI Visits with Families and Prisoners in Cuba, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1097 (Material Type: video)

"Block VII": Interview footage with Focus on Discussion of Dr. Martineau, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref389 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This video contains interview footage of detainees talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau. It includes interview with Cuban detainee who was assigned to work with Martineau. Some of this footage is in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:48:00.

Excludables Homecoming with Walkiria Fernandez, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref323 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of detainees being welcomed home by family members. It includes brief interviews with relatives of the detainees. It also features many scenes with Walkiria Fernandez. In the video, she accompanies returning detainees to Cuba and explains what the men experienced to a number of individuals on the street.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:57:18.

Excludables Homecoming, Street Scenes with Walkiria Fernandez, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref335 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:04.

"ESSAIS #1 - Missile - Wayne Smith", undated

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1392 (Material Type: video)

Footage with Walkiria Fernandez, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref373 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The first few minutes (approximately 4 minutes) includes scenes of Walkiria Fernandez and detainees. This is followed by footage unrelated to the documentary.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:31.

Footage: Dr. Martineau, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref497 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The footage is composed of either Dr. Martineau speaking or being spoken about. In many parts there is a loud Spanish narration that overpowers the English. In some cases there is Spanish over Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:10:00.

Footage: Homecoming Scenes, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref328 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This footage duplicates previous homecoming scenes. This is a fairly poor-quality recording and much of the content cannot be viewed.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:20:02.

Footage: Excludables Arrival, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref369 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:23.

Footage: Detainee Arrival in Cuba, Includes Guillermo Herrera, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref372 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of a detainee arrival in Cuba. It features various scenes of detainees on a plane and on buses. It also features United States and Cuban officials. The original box was annotated "Guillermo," which most likely refers to Guillermo Herrera, a detainee who was separated from his family, held without charges, and eventually deported to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:32.

Footage: Various, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref374 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:16:00.

Footage: Various, detainee interviews, family reunions (mostly Spanish, some English), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref392 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

Footage: Various, B-roll, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref318 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This lengthy piece of footage contains clips of the detainees arriving in Cuba and interviews with detainees on a bus. Much of this tape consists of duplicated content and background shots.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:01:00.

Interview Footage: Atlanta and Talladega, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref332 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of various interviews, most of which are in English. Footage includes: a bishop speaking about the injustices faced by the Cuban detainees; a person talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau's medical experiments and his use of drugs; Estela Bravo touring C-cell house and interviewing the former Chief of Correctional Services [Hovington] at the Cuban repatriation unit in Talladega; and a lawyer discussing the legality of indefinite detention of the Mariel refugees and the role of Judge Marvin Shoob.

The final 10 minutes of the recording consists of Spanish-language TV programming.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

Interview Footage: Detainees and Guards (Spanish), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 81, DVD: ref488 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:00.

Interview Footage: Detainees, Guards (Spanish), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 81, DVD: ref490 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This tape consists of interviews with prison guards detainees on bus. It appears to contain many different clips in Spanish that focus on Dr. Bolivar Martineau. The quality of the footage is intermittently poor and many scenes are difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:00.

Interview Footage: Detainees and Family Members, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 82, DVD: ref493 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of family visits and interviews with detainees. It is mostly Spanish, but some in in English. There are moments without sound.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:51:00.

Interview Footage: Returning Detainees and Family Members; Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 79, DVD: ref333 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Most of the footage involves interviews with returned detainees and their families. They largely feature discussions about the Marielitos. At around 54 minutes, there is a brief clip of Dr. Bolivar Martineau, then at 57 minutes, discussion with someone who worked at the prison with Martineau. There is a brief discussion with Denny McLain with Spanish voiceover, and then several additional minutes with Martineau.

Historical Note

The interviews with Denny McLain and Dr. Martineau featured on this video were funded by the Canadian Broadcasting System television investigative documentary program The Fifth Estate. CBS used the footage and then returned it to the Bravos for their film.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:30:03.

Interview Footage: Returning Detainees and Family Members, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref334 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:56:01.

"Homeless People under Freeway", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1117 (Material Type: video)

"Hospital Psychiatrists", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1155 (Material Type: video)

"Los Excluibles": Spanish voice-over TV program (Fifth Estate), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 81, DVD: ref489 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The first part is a Spanish voice-over TV program featuring footage from The Excludables. After 27 minutes there is a Spanish language TV program.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:00.

News Stories (Tape 32), 1992 November 28, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1148 (Material Type: video)

News Stories (Tape 33), 1992 November 28, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1149 (Material Type: video)

NBC News Advance, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 50, Cassette: ref1173 (Material Type: video)

One World Awards, 1997

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_3 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

One World Awards: 1997- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Rough Footage, 1989, inclusive

Box: 71, Cassette: ref949 (Material Type: video)
Box: 86, DVD: ref949 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:04:59.

Talladega, Alabama: Deportation #1, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1091 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Cubans detained in the U.S. Federal Penitentiary in Talladega, Alabama boarding a bus for deportation back to Cuba. The video features exterior shots of the prison, footage of the Cuban prisoners boarding a bus, and the bus traveling to the airport.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:16.

"Talladega Riot Archive", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1124 (Material Type: video)

Talladega #1, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1150 (Material Type: video)

Talladega #2, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1130 (Material Type: video)

Terre Haute: Prisoner Interviews, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1099 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features interviews with three different Cuban prisoners at the US Federal Prison Camp in Terre Haute, Indiana. In the interviews the prisoners discuss how they came to the United States and why they were imprisoned. The interviews focus predominantly on the detention and treatment of the three men in the prisons. They also describe the political situation that has led to their indefinite incarceration, and the struggles they have faced while detained.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:42.

Terre Haute #1, 1993 November 3

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1119 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

Background conversations in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video consists of footage of Terra Haute, Indiana from a car on the way to the U.S. Federal Penitentiary in Terre Haute, with country music in the background until their arrival. The video also includes footage of entering the facilities with background conversations in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:07:00.

Terra Haute #2, 1993 November 3, inclusive

Box: 64, Cassette: ref1121 (Material Type: video)

Terra Haute "3 Prisoners, Warden, Prison", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1162 (Material Type: video)

"Interview, Roman", 1992 December 4

Box: 42, Cassette: ref1096 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape was so deteriorated that a digital transfer could not be completed.

Little Havana (Miami) Signage, 1992 June 12, inclusive

Box: 61, Cassette: ref1123 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1123 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This brief video contains footage of signs of Cuban businesses in the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:02:41.

"ABC News - Atlanta, Cuban inmates 6/26/86; Riots 11/2/84; Mariel boats", circa 1980s, inclusive

Box: 12, Cassette: ref267 (Material Type: video)

Vuelo Llegas y Entrevista con Olimpio Guagua, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 15, Cassette: ref342 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

The video is primarily in Spanish, with some background conversations and one brief interview in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains an interview with Olimpio Guagua, an officer in the Cuban Interior Ministry, as he awaits the arrival of a flight of deportees from the United States. Guagua describes his job responsibilities and the transfer of custody of the detained men from the United States to Cuba. The video also includes footage of the plane's descent and landing as well as the transfer of the prisoners. The video ends with brief interviews with the prisoners discussing their time in the United States and their feelings about being deported.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:25:34.

Martineau, Bolivar: Interview, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 5, Betacam: ref365 (Material Type: video)

Jorge, Luis, and Daniel, 1992 November 11

Box: 18, Cassette: ref407 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

Background conversations and direction in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

Test pattern with background conversations in Spanish. Cutaway shots of two men, some background direction in Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:03:00.

"Pablito Arayo", 1992 November 11

Box: 12, Cassette: ref408 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains interviews with Pablo Arayo's family. Pablo had been living in the United States and was recently returned to Cuba as an excludable. His family shares their thoughts about his time away and their plans to visit him in the detention center. There is also an interview with Pablito Arayo, Pablo's son. The video ends with cutaway shots of Pablito and the Arayo family.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:30.

Interview Grandparents Guillermino, circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 19, Cassette: ref480 (Material Type: video)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains interviews with five different grandparents who have children and grandchildren in the United States. The interviewer asks them about how they maintain relationships with their family amidst the political challenges between the United States and Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:17.

Plane arriving (B-roll), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 80, DVD: ref336 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:47:00.

Cuba, Birmingham Airport (B-roll?), circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 49, Cassette: ref1140 (Material Type: video)

"Demo 14 min Excludables", circa 1990s, inclusive

Box: 4, U-matic: ref638 (Material Type: video)

Series VII: Cubans in Peru, 1982, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

This series contains a small amount of footage related to the documentary Cubans in Peru. The1982 film presents the experiences and views of some of the Cubans who took part in the occupation of the Peruvian Embassy in Havana in 1980. Videos from this documentary include footage of refugees in Tupac Amaru Stadium, interviews with Cuban political refugees, and footage of a Peruvian doctor who saved the life of a Cuban child. The scenes of the doctor and child are featured at the end of the documentary.

"Cubans in Peru DV#3", 1982, inclusive

Box: 55, Cassette: ref1271 (Material Type: video)

Scope and Content Note

This video is 20 minutes in length, and most likely contains footage rather than the full-length documentary.

Children's Hospital and Tupac Amaru Park (B-roll), circa 1990, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1301 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video features exterior footage of a children's hospital and Tupac Amaru Park in Lima, Peru. This video has no audio.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:06:23.

Tupac Amaru Park: Footage, circa 1982, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1314 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video contains footage of Cuban exiles living in a tent city in Tupac Amaru Park in Lima, Peru. The video shows footage of concerned Peruvians speaking through a fence to the Cubans living in the park. It also includes some brief interviews with several Cubans living in the park about why they are there. Other footage features demonstrations and on-the-street interviews with Peruvians who oppose the presence of the Cuban exiles in the park as well as shots of local police in riot gear at the entrance to the park.

Historical/Biographical Note

Tupac Amaru Park is a sports complex in East Lima that became a refugee camp for Cubans who were granted asylum in Peru after their 1980 occupation of the Peruvian Embassy in Havana.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:31.

"Corvacho child Dr. Montano Peru", circa 1982, inclusive

Box: 52, Cassette: ref1211 (Material Type: video)

Mama del Niño, undated

Box: 26, Cassette: 600 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains an interview with a Cuban woman living in Peru who has a son in a hospital in Cuba. She discusses the difficulties she faces trying to get passports and visas for herself and her children so that she could seek better medical care in either Brazil or the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:15.

Peruvian Doctors: Interview about Cuban Child, circa 1982, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1222 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with two Peruvian doctors about a young Cuban boy in their care. They explain that the boy's mother had taken him from Cuba to Peru because she believed that he would get better medical care there. The doctors, however, explain that the boy has a complicated heart condition that they cannot treat. They discuss Peru's limited medical resources, and the need to send patients with more complicated medical issues to hospitals and clinics in Brazil. They explain they are only able to offer palliative care to the boy, and that he will need to go to another hospital for surgery.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:21:21.

University of San Marcos: Presentation on Embajador En Cuba, circa 1982, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref711 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of a panel discussion at the University of San Marcos with scholars and diplomats discussing the relationship between Cuba and Peru, and the book Embajador en Cuba by Peruvian Ambassador Edgardo de Habich. At the end of the panel discussion Habich speaks briefly about his book before the footage ends. Microphones used during the panel create echo sounds in the auditorium, which make audio quality poor in various places. At minute 11:43 the footage changes to a brief interview with Habich in which he discusses the occupation of Tupac Amaru Park in Lima by Cuban Refugees, and the refugee status of the Cubans in the park.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:13.

Series VIII: Fidel: The Untold Story and Anecdotes about Fidel, 1995-2002, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

This series contains clips, interviews, and background footage from the documentaries Fidel: The Untold Story and Anecdotes about Fidel. The 2001 documentary Fidel: The Untold Story combines a history of the Cuban revolution with a more personal story of leader, Fidel Castro. This series contains copies of both films. It includes complete interviews and portions of interviews highlighted in the two films. They feature historians, public figures, close friends, and Castro himself, and provide a glimpse into the life and personality of the Cuban leader. Interviewees include Alice Walker, Gabriel García Márquez, Arthur Schlesinger, Ramsey Clark, Ted Turner, Nelson Mandela, Charles Rangel, George McGovern, Philip Agee, and many others who share personal anecdotes along with political and historical perspectives.

The anecdotes come not only from well-known Americans such as Harry Belafonte, Jesse Jackson, Angela Davis, Hank Aaron, Sydney Pollack and others, but also from many Cubans who are not well known in the United States. Among them are government officials and friends of Fidel such as Juan Almeida, Melba Hernández. Alfredo Guevara, Jorge Risquet, Antonio Núñez Jiménez, Alicia Alonso, Angela Castro, and Aleida Guevara.

This series also contains a number of interviews that are not seen in the films. They include discussions with Hortensia Bussi de Allende, the widow of Salvador Allende, and American lawyer Victor Rabinowitz.

Footage in this series also consists of clips from the Cuban State Council Archives and various news sources. Videos containing State Council footage often represent a wide date range. Some of the footage is dated 1998 which reflects the date the material was obtained, not the actual date of the events. The original dates of the footage were not recorded. Additional footage depicts Fidel Castro at a number of public events giving speeches or speaking with world leaders. Other materials in this series include documents related to the promotion and distribution of Fidel, including contact lists, posters, correspondence related to distribution rights.

Historical/Biographical Note

The 2001 documentary Fidel: The Untold Story combines a history of the Cuban revolution with a more personal story of its leader, Fidel Castro. Because so much of the interview footage for Fidel: The Untold Story could not be included in the initial feature-length film, Estela and Ernesto Bravo made a follow-up documentary, Anecdotes about Fidel, in 2010. It includes portions of 24 interviews and expands on the stories about Fidel Castro.

In 2001, Fidel: The Untold Story was selected for the Toronto Film Festival and won an award for "Distinguished Achievement for Excellence in Documentary Filmmaking" at the Urbanworld Film Festival in New York.

Fidel: The Untold Story, 2000, inclusive

reel: ref1903_09 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_10 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_11 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_12 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_13 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_14 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_15 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_16 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_17 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_18 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_01 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_02 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_03 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_04 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_05 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_06 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_07 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
reel: ref1903_08 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length version of the film Fidel: The Untold Story. The complete documentary is contained on 6 positive film reels, 6 film negative reels, and 6 sound track reels.

"Fidel Trailer", circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 46, Cassette: ref1049 (Material Type: video)

An Evening with Estela Bravo: Filmmaker of "Fidel: The Untold Story" and "Anecdotes about Fidel" at the Paley Center for Media, New York City, 2012 May 9, inclusive

Box: 73, DVD: 16 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

A film of the event honoring Estela Bravo, focusing on the release of Anecdotes about Fidel at the Paley Center for Media. Bravo speaks with Pat Mitchell about her life and career, and responds to questions from the audience. Clips are shown from Anecdotes about Fidel; There are also clips from other films that have dealt with Cuban-American relations, such as Miami-Havana, The Cuban Excludables, and Operation Peter Pan: Flying Back to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of this DVD is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

Aaron, Hank: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref846 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref846 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:42.

Aaron, Hank: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref983 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with baseball player Hank Aaron. At the beginning, Aaron briefly introduces himself and discusses his baseball career. The bulk of the interview focuses on Aaron's impression of Cuba and Fidel Castro. Aaron describes traveling to Cuba to film a documentary about Cuban baseball players, and describes the quality of education and baseball training he observed while in Cuba. He also discusses meeting Fidel Castro, and speaks specifically about Castro's athletic ability. Aaron also talks briefly about the poor diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States, and argues that lack of trade and freedom of movement between the countries has contributed to the suffering of Cuban people and their family members in the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:01.

Agee, Philip: Interview, 1997 March 8, inclusive

Agee, Philip: Interview Recording, 1997 March 8, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref15 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Extent

4 items This interview is contained on 4 access DVDs

Scope and Content Note

In this interview Philip Agee begins by talking about his work for the CIA and the fallout after the publication of his book Inside the Company. He discusses his opinions about Fidel Castro and interest in Cuban life and culture. For the bulk of the interview he talks about United States policy toward Cuba and CIA efforts to overthrow Fidel Castro. He also touches on controversy surrounding the Kennedy assassination and discusses Americans' views about the Cuban revolution.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 4 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:29:22; Part 2 - 00:08:00; Part 3 - 00:00:09; Part 4 - 00:01:25.

Agee, Philip: Interview Transcript

Agee, Philip: Interview Transcript, undated

Box: 72, Folder: 13 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Alarcón, Ricardo: Interview, 1998 November 21, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1047 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a portion of an interview with Ricardo Alarcón. At the beginning of the interview Alarcón discusses the political and diplomatic positions he has held within the Cuban government, including President of the National Assembly and United Nations ambassador. He discusses receiving the appointment of UN ambassador at the age of 28, and his inexperience in that position. He also describes meeting Fidel Castro for the first time when Castro's revolutionary forces entered Havana in January 1959. The bulk of the interview focuses on Alarcón's memories of Havana during the revolutionary period and the uncertainty during those years.

Historical/Biographical Note

Ricardo Alarcon de Quesada (1937 - ) is a Cuban statesman who served as Cuba's Permanent Representative to the United Nations for nearly 30 years. He was Cuba's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1992-1993 and President of the National Assembly of People's Power from 1993-2013. During his time at the UN, Alarcon held several leading offices, such as Vice President of the General Assembly.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:08.

Alarcón, Ricardo: Interview, 1998, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref207 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a portion of an interview with Ricardo Alarcón. The recording does not start at the beginning and appears to only contain a portion of a larger interview. In this portion, Alarcón addresses Estela Bravo's questions about criticism of Cuba's lack of free press by comparing Cuba's press with privately owned newspapers in the United States. He criticizes the United States electoral system, which he contrasts with Cuban local elections. In the second half of the interview he talks about Cuba's role in Latin America, discussing both support for the Cuban government and opposition from what he describes as counter-revolutionary movements. He also talks about the significance of Fidel Castro's beard and his predictions for Cuba's future after Castro's presidency.

Biographical / Historical

Ricardo Alarcón is a Cuban politician who served as Cuba's representative to the United Nations and President of Cuba's National Assembly.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:51.

Alarcón, Ricardo: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref215 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This portion of an interview with Ricardo Alarcón begins with a discussion about Cuba in years before the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista's government. He discusses his memories of the revolution and the reaction of many Cubans to the revolution. He talks about the political trials following the revolution, and defends the actions of the new government. Estela Bravo asks Alarcón to describe what he views as the biggest successes and failures in the 40 years since the revolution, and Alarcón describes several domestic policies. They also discuss the ration booklets issued by the Cuban government, and Alarcón criticizes inequality in the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:09.

Alarcón, Ricardo and Juanita Vera García, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1048 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

The interveiw with Alarcón is in Spanish. The interview with García is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features segments of two separate interviews. The first interview features Cuban politician Ricardo Alarcón. In this brief segment, Alarcón discusses Fidel Castro's personal appearance as a symbol of the revolution, the numerous assassination attempts made against Castro over the years, and the reasons many powerful people have expressed interest in meeting him. At minute 12:42 the footage changes to an interview with Castro's translator Juanita Vera García. García discusses how she became Castro's translator, and talks about what it is like to travel with Castro and act as interpreter for some of his long public speeches.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:09.

de Allende, Hortensia Bussi: Interview, circa 1996, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref244 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Almeida, Juan: Interview -1, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -1 Recording, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref893 (Material Type: video)

Scope and Content Note

This interview is in Spanish. Juan Almeida, who met Fidel Castro in 1952, shares personal stories about his relationship with Castro and talks about his earliest memories of the political situation in Cuba leading up to the revolution.

Biographical Note

Juan Almeida Bosque (1927-2009) was an important figure in the Cuban Revolution and later a Cuban official. He was the only Afro-Cuban to participate in the attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953, and was also among the revolutionaries who participated in the 1956 Granma Yacht landing. He was later appointed the commander of the Third Front. During the US-sponsored Bay of Pigs operation in April 1961, Almeida commanded the Cuban military's Central Army. Later a prominent figure in the Communist Party of Cuba, Almeida was, at the time of his death, Vice-President of the Cuban Council of State and its third ranking member.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:53.

Almeida, Juan: Interview -1 Transcript, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -2, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -2 Recording, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref894 (Material Type: video)

Scope and Content Note

In this part of the interview, Almeida discusses the Cuban revolution, including his memories of the Moncada attack and the Granma landing.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:11:45.

Almeida, Juan: Interview -2 Transcript, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -3, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -3 Recording, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref895 (Material Type: video)

Scope and Content Note

In this portion of the interview Juan Almeida shares stories about Fidel's relationships with such figures as Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos. He also provides other anecdotes and concludes with a discussion about his personal relationship with Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:33:22.

Almeida, Juan: Interview -3 Transcript, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -4, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Almeida, Juan: Interview -4 Recording, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref896 (Material Type: video)

Scope and Content Note

In this portion Juan Almeida talks about Fidel Castro as a symbol of the revolution, briefly discussing the significance of Castro's beard. He also talks about Castro's views of justice, his support of Angolan independence, and the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa. He later discusses his feelings surrounding Castro's failing health.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:04:56.

Almeida, Juan: Interview -4 Transcript, 1997 June 5, inclusive

Alonso, Alicia: Interview (Cassette 1 1st Part), 1996 June 27, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref913 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref913 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Born Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad Martinez Hoya, Alicia Alonso (1921 - ) is a Cuban prima ballerina and choreographer. She and her husband lived in New York City for a time where she trained at the School of American Ballet. In 1959 they returned to Cuba. Fidel Castro invited her to head a new dance school (Ballet Nacional de Cuba).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:36.

Alonso, Alicia: Interview (Cassette 1 2nd Part), 1996 June 27, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref914 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref914 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:03:09.

Alonso, Alicia: Interview (Cassette 2 1st Part) with Ramon Castro, 1996 June 27, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref915 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref915 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:24:30.

Andreas, Duane: Interview, 1996 October 9

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1043 (Material Type: video)

Historical/Biographical Note

Duane O. Andreas is a US business executive and former chairman and CEO of Archer Daniels Midland (ADM).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape was so deteriorated that a digital transfer could not be completed.

Aruca, Francisco: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref218 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In this interview Francisco Aruca discusses people's polarized views of Fidel Castro. He discusses his own feelings about Castro, and spends some time talking about Castro's curiosity for politics. In the interview Estela Bravo asks Aruca about the slogan "No Castro, No Problem." Aruca talks about what he believes are problems with the sentiments behind the slogan, and suggests that in the present political climate, Cuba would be destabilized without Castro.

Historical/Biographical Note

Francisco Gonzales Aruca (1941-2013) was a Cuban-American economist. He was a student at a Jesuit school in Havana at the time of the Cuban Revolution. He joined the counterrevolution and was arrested in 1961 by the Castro government. His political ideology later shifted in favor of the Cuban government, and he started the company Marazul Charters in New York with a goal of uniting fractured Cuban families.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:46.

Aruca, Francisco: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref885 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref885 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The initial 14 minutes feature footage of Aruca at work on the radio program Ayer en Miami. The remainder of the video is an interview of Aruca by Estela Bravo.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:00.

Aruca, Francisco: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 9, Cassette: ref70 (Material Type: video)

Aruca, Francisco: Footage at radio station, 1996 October 1, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref883 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref883 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Aruca, Francisco: Footage, making telephone calls at radio station, 1996, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref884 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref884 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Aruca, Francisco: Opinions about Canal 51 Report on Estela Bravo, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_4 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Aruca, Francisco: Opinions about Canal 51 Report on Estela Bravo: circa 2000 (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Barnet, Miguel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref853 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref853 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Estela Bravo interviews Miguel Barnet, Cuban writer, novelist, and ethnographer. The interview is mostly in Spanish, but Estela Bravo speaks English at times.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:14:23.

Belafonte, Harry: Interview, 1996 August 12, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref857 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref857 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:10:48.

Belafonte, Harry: Interview, 1996 August 11, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref856 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref856 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Belafonte, Harry: Interview, 1996 August 10, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref18 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Belafonte, Harry: Interview (part 2), 1996, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1057 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1057 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains portions of an interview with singer Harry Belafonte and his wife Julie Robinson. The interview begins with an anecdote about Belafonte bringing Fidel Castro a gift of cheese, and the caution with which Castro's body guards viewed the gift in light of the numerous assassination attempts that have been made against Castro. The bulk of the interview focuses on Belafonte's travels to Cuba with his family. He discusses his musical performances, and his children's enjoyment of Cuban culture. Robinson discusses bringing her parents to Cuba, and their request to be buried there after they died.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:41.

Belafonte, Harry: Interview (part 3), 1996, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref217 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains the last portion of an interview with Harry Belafonte and his wife Julie Robinson. In this short segment they discuss their admiration for Fidel Castro. After the interview concludes the tape shows several still images of Castro and Belafonte.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:02:56.

Benn, Tony: Interview (part 1), 1996 March 16, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref147 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In the beginning of the interview Estela Bravo talks with Tony Benn about the initial reception of the documentary Fidel: The Untold Story, and the negative reaction Cubans in Miami had to the film. The official interview begins around minute 4:45. Benn begins by talking about his interest in watching the Cuban Revolution, and the impact it has had around the world in the years following. Much of the interview focuses on Benn's views about Fidel Castro and his leadership in Cuba.

Historical/Biographical Note

Anthony Neil Wedgwood "Tony" Benn (1925 – 2014) was a British socialist and member of the Labour Party who served in House of Commons in the 1960s and 1970s. A leading member of Britain's anti-war movement, Benn opposed the isolation of Cuba and was an admirer of Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:59.

Benn, Tony: Interview (part 2), 1996 March, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref41 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 4 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:15:14; Part 2 - 00:00:52; Part 3 - 00:01:35; Part 4 - 00:00:39.

Betto, Frei (Christo, Carlos Alberto Libanio): Interview and final portion of Philip Agee interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref240 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Primarily an interview with Carlos Alberto Libanio Christo (Frei Betto). The final few minutes are a portion of Estela Bravo's interview with Philip Agee.

Historical/Biographical Note

Carlos Alberto Libanio Christo, O.P. (1944), better known as Frei Betto, is a Brazilian writer, political activist, liberation theologist, and Dominican Friar. He has been involved in various international efforts to support an understanding between Marxism and Christianity. During a visit to Havana in the 1980s, he met with Fidel Castro many times and, later wrote Fidel and Religion.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:04.

Betto, Frei: Interview ("Los Manos de Fidel"), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref49 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Betto, Frei: Interview ("Papa Fidel"), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref59 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Bosch, Orlando: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref69 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The first part of this video contains footage of a WQBA radio host announcing that the Channel 4 news is attempting contact several people with information about their families in Cuba. The next two clips are very brief and contain background footage from the WQBA radio station. The last portion contains the interview with Orlando Bosch. This interview also features a discussion with Bosch's wife, who is Chilean. She talks about how the two met and how her relationship with Bosch has shaped her views about Cuba and the Cuban people.

Historical/Biographical Note

Orlando Bosch Avila (1926-2011) was a Cuban-American pediatrician, and head of the counter-revolutionary Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations (CORU), which in 1978 the FBI described as "an anti-Castro terrorist umbrella organization."

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 4 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:03:03; Part 2 - 00:01:19; Part 3 - 00:02:06; Part 4 - 00:11:08.

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -2 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -2 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA) Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref991 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:25:24.

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -2 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA) Transcript, circa 1995-2000

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -3 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -3 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA) Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref992 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:16.

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -3 La Cubanisima Studio (WQBA) Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -4, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -4 Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref993 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:00.

Bosch, Orlando: Interview -4 Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Bourne, Peter: Interview, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref848 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref848 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Peter G. Bourne (born 1939 in Oxford, England) is a physician, anthropologist, biographer, author and international civil servant. In 1995 as chairman of the American Association for World Health he directed a year-long foundation-supported study "Denial of Food and Medicine: The Impact of the US Embargo on Health and Nutrition in Cuba" that looked at humanitarian issues surrounding the US Embargo on Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:13.

Bourne, Peter: Interview (part 1), 2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1030 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1030 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features a portion of an interview with Peter Bourne. Bourne begins with a lengthy discussion about the custody struggle over Elián González and the United States decision to return him to Cuba. He talks about the ways in which the struggle shifted Americans' perceptions of both Cuba and the exile community in Miami. The conversation then shifts to a general discussion about the way American opinions about Cuba are shaped by the press, which Bourne contrasts with that of other Latin American countries. The second part of the interview focuses on human rights in Cuba, healthcare, and education. He also briefly discusses why some Cubans have left the country, the Cuban economy, and the waning support Cuba received from the Soviet Union beginning in the 1980s.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:33.

Bourne, Peter: Interview (part 2), 2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1031 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1031 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview features Peter Bourne continuing a discussion about the Cuban economy and Cuba's relationship with the Soviet Union in the 1980s. The bulk of this video features Bourne repeating various anecdotes to capture specific language and topical transitions to be used in Estela Bravo's documentary. Topics addressed in these segments include Fidel Castro's brief marriage to Mirta Díaz-Balart, the invasion of Granma beach, Celia Sanchez, the trials of individuals from the Batista government following the revolution, and Cuba's relationship with revolutionary movements in Chile, Vietnam, Nicaragua, and Grenada.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:42.

Bourne, Peter: Interview, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref209 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Peter Bourne begins with a discussion about Cuba's interest in supporting African independence movements and perceptions of Fidel Castro in the third world. Bourne describes Castro as an elder statesman among nationalist leaders in developing nations, and discusses his image as a role model for other young leaders. He then turns to a discussion about Castro's meeting with Pope John Paul II, describing the dynamic between the two men and the motivations behind the meeting. Bourne speaks about Castro's leadership in Cuba addressing concerns about human rights, and Castro's role as a leader in the post-colonial era. He ends with a brief discussion about the history of American influence in Cuba and his expectations for Cuba's fate after the United States lifts the trade embargo and after Castro leaves office.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:40.

Bourne, Peter: Interview, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref224 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Peter Bourne primarily contains repetitions of previous topics addressed in earlier interviews with Estela Bravo. Bourne restates several of the same points in an attempt to provide fluidity for segments used in Bravo's documentary. He begins by discussing Castro's relationship with his first wife Mirta Díaz-Balart and their son Fidelito. He also discusses Fidel's relationship with Celia Sanchez and the important role she played in his life. He then changes to a discussion about the immediate aftermath of the Cuban revolution, discussing why people decided to leave, the trials of former Batista government officials, and the development of contentious diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba. Bourne ends with several short discussions about Castro's relationship with leaders in Vietnam, Chile, Nicaragua, and Grenada.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:18.

Bourne, Peter: Interview, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref235 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this interview segment Peter Bourne discusses Fidel Castro's role in the Caribbean and his image as a leader. He begins by discussing Castro's relationship with revolutionary leaders like Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua and Maurice Bishop in Grenada, and explains that Castro was reluctant to support revolutionary movements in Latin America and the Caribbean after the Nicaraguan revolution. Bourne also discusses Castro's physical image, and speaks briefly about his decision to stop smoking cigars and wearing military fatigues. In the second half of the interview Bourne discusses Cuban elections, and the medical training Cuba provides to students in Latin America.

Biographical note

Peter Bourne is an English physician who has worked with the Cuban government as chair of the Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba (MEDICC).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:29.

Bourne, Peter: Interview, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref243 (Material Type: video)

Bourne, Peter: Interview (part 1), circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1035 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview with Peter Bourne, Bourne discusses the life of Fidel Castro and his experience as Castro's biographer. Bourne begins by talking about Castro's childhood and relationship with his parents. He also discusses Castro's experience at the University of Havana, and describes corruption at Cuban universities during that era. He discusses the ways in which Castro's upbringing influenced his political ideology, specifically citing his mother's Christianity. Later in the interview Bourne describes the influential women in Castro's life including Mirta Díaz-Balart, to whom he was married for 2 years, and his long-time partner Celia Sanchez. Bourne also talks at length about Castro's character and the impression he makes on the people who meet him. This interview was recorded in London and was not conducted by Estela Bravo, but rather an unidentified man who speaks off camera.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:54.

Bourne, Peter: Interview (part 2), circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref14 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Bourne, Peter: Interview (part 3), circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref13 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Bourne, Peter: Interview Transcripts, 1998, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 14 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Bourne, Peter: Interview / Auction / Event for Elián González, 2000 November, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref10 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interveiw is in English.

Scope and Content Note

The bulk of this video features an interview with Peter Bourne. Bourne begins by speaking about the aftermath of the Cuban revolution specifically addressing the refugees and the trials of individuals connected to the Batista government. He also discusses Cuba's support of revolutions in Latin America, Castro's relationship with Maurice Bishop, the custody battle over Elián González, Cuban healthcare, Castro's views on globalization, and restrictions on freedom of speech. At minute 25:00 the video changes to footage of an auction featuring cigar boxes signed by Castro and dated March 3, 2000. At minute 27:35 footage changes to an event calling for the return of Elián González. The event features González's father Juan González Quintana, his grandmothers, and groups of school children performing Cuban songs and dances.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:35:54.

Campa, Concepción: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref54 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Concepción Campa Huergo (1951- ) is a pharmacist, biochemist, and lead scientist of the Cuban team that developed the meningitis B vaccine.

Campa, Concepción: Interview (part 2), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref53 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Cardin, Pierre: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref887 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref887 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:03.

Cardin, Pierre/ Richard, Pierre: Interviews, 1996 March 13, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref48 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref995 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview with Baudillo Castellanos, Castellanos begins by speaking about his relationship with Fidel Castro prior to the revolution. He discusses Castro's first wife Mirta Díaz-Balart, and Castro's political activism prior to the revolution. The bulk of the interview focuses on Castellanos work representing Castro, and the other revolutionaries who were arrested after their attack on the Moncada Barracks. He discusses speaking with Díaz-Balart following the attack, and his legal representation of Raúl Castro prior to Fidel's capture. He also discusses the role of Marta Rojas who reported on the trials of the rebels captured at Moncada. At minute 22:44 Castellanos looks through photographs he saved from that period, and an image of Raúl Castro can be seen at the top of the stack. The video quality at the end of the recording is poor.

Biographical note

Baudilio Castellanos Garcia ( -2002) was a lawyer and childhood friend of Fidel Castro. Castellanos attended law school with Castro, and served as one of the defense attorneys for captured insurgents arrested for the 1953 attack of the Moncada Barracks. Under the Castro government, Castellanos directed the National Institute of Tourism and served as Cuban Ambassador to France.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:34

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref78 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref903 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref903 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:51.

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref904 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref904 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:56.

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref90 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castellanos, Baudilio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref44 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castro, Angela: Interview, 1995 October 22, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1042 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1042 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video includes an interview with Angela Castro. In this brief portion of the interview, Castro discusses traveling to Santiago de Cuba during the revolution. She explains that her father was worried about her brothers after the attack on the Moncada Barracks, and sent her to Santiago de Cuba see if they were still alive. She describes her journey and the atmosphere of city when she arrived.

Biographical / Historical

Angela Castro was the sister of Cuban leader Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:10:35

Castro, Angela: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref79 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features an informal discussion and brief interview with Angela Castro and one of her daughters. The beginning of the video features footage of Castro looking through family photographs and identifying individuals featured in the photos. The second half features an interview with Angela Castro's daughter. She discusses the revolutionary period and its impact on Castro's family, discussing her family's concern for Fidel and Raúl, specifically citing their imprisonment following the attack on the Moncada barracks and their exile in Mexico. She also discusses the isolation her family felt during the revolution and her memories of living with her grandparents in Birán during that time.

Historical/Biographical Note

Angela Maria Castro (1923-2012) was the eldest sister of Cuban revolutionary leaders Fidel and Raul Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:24.

Castro, Angela: Interview (part 2), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref75 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castro, Angela: Interview (part 3), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Castro, Angela: Interview (part 4), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref85 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Angela Castro begins with a discussion about Alina Fernández Revuelta, Fidel Castro's eldest daughter. Castro contends that she does not believe Revuelta is her brother's daughter, but notes that he has never denied paternity. She also discusses her sister Juana Castro, who opposed her brother's politics and moved to the United States. Later in the interview Castro speaks about the impact the Cuban Revolution had on her life and her experience of having Fidel Castro as both a brother and a president. She also addresses criticism that her children received preferential treatment because Castro was their uncle.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:04.

Castro, Angela: Interview, with daughter Tania Frago -5, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref77 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Tania Frago Castro is the daughter of Angela Castro and a biotechnology specialist and an official in the Cuban Ministry of Health.

Castro, Angela: Interview, with daughter Tania Frago, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref91 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Castro, Fidel: Interview on the Ed Sullivan Show, 1959 November 1, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref246 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Ed Sullivan traveled to Cuba to interview Fidel Castro immediately after his victory in the revolution. Sullivan compares Castro to George Washington and calls him a "gallant young leader."

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:11:49.

Clark, Ramsey: Interview, 1996 August 8, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref855 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref855 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:10:49.

Clark, Ramsey: Interview, 1996 August 9, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref854 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref854 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:24.

Clark, Ramsey: Photograph, undated

Box: 72, Folder: 15 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Davis, Angela: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref868 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref868 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Angela Davis talks about her experiences in Cuba and her feelings about Fidel Castro. She discusses Cuban Americans and her opposition to the US embargo.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:21.

Davis, Angela: Stills with Fidel, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref24 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Depardieu, Gerard: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref146 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English and French.

Scope and Contents

This interview features French actor Gerard Depardieu. Depardieu discusses his impression of Fidel Castro as a leader, and talks about meeting him on three different occasions. He notes that he felt a close connection to Castro, and says that he saw a kinship between himself as an artist and Castro as a political revolutionary. Depardieu ends the interview by wishing Castro a happy 70th birthday, and speculates about what the future will be like for Castro and Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:01.

Espin, Vilma: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Espin, Vilma: Interview Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref100 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Vilma Lucila Espin Guillois (1930-2007) was a Cuban revolutionary, feminist, and chemical engineer. She married Raul Castro in 1959, and later became President of the Federation of Cuban Women and a member of the Council of State of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party. She was the most politically powerful woman in Cuba and for many years considered the country's unofficial first lady.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:10.

Espin, Vilma: Interview Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Espin, Vilma: Interview Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Espin, Vilma: Interview Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref102 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 2 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:25:24; Part 2 - 00:03:26.

Espin, Vilma: Interview Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Espin, Vilma: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref107 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:09.

Espin, Vilma: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Espin, Vilma: Interview Recording, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref117 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 2 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:22:06; Part 2 - 00:08:55.

Espin, Vilma: Interview Transcript, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Esquivel, Chino: Interview, 1996 September 19, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref874 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref874 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Alfredo "El Chino" Esquivel Rodon (1926-2005) was a friend of Castro's at the University of Havana. He left Cuba for the US in 1964 but returned in 1992.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:03.

Esquivel, Chino: Interview, 1996 September 19, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref875 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref875 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:15.

Esquivel, Chino: Interview, 1996 September 19, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref27 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Esquivel, Chino: Photographs, 1996 September 25, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref28 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of still images of Fidel Castro and Alfredo "Chino" Esquivel. The images feature contemporary photographs of the two men shaking hands and greeting each other, and older photos of Castro and Esquivel as young men with their classmates from the University of Havana. This video does not contain any audio.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:36.

Fernandez, Conchita: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref889 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref889 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Conchita Fernandez (1913-1998) was Fidel Castro's personal/executive secretary.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:42.

Fernandez, Conchita: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref890 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref890 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:23:51.

Fernandez, Conchita: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref43 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Fernandez, Jose Ramon: Interview -1, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref897 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref897 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:13.

Fernandez, Jose Ramon: Interview -3, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref898 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref898 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:05:51.

Fernandez, Jose Ramon: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref39 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Frady, Marshall: Interview, 1996 September 9, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref869 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref869 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In this interview Estela Bravo asks Marshall Frady about people's criticism of Fidel Castro for human rights abuses in Cuba. Frady argues that many of the negative reactions against Castro were formed during the Cold War, and that much of the antipathy directed at Castro formed as a result of decades of poor diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States. The bulk of the interview focuses on popular perceptions of Fidel Castro, in which Frady describes him as a figure that inspired passionate reactions, both positive and negative. The interview is in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:37.

Frady, Marshall: Interview, 1996 September 9, inclusive

Frady, Marshall: Interview Recording, 1996 September 9, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref29 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:28.

Frady, Marshall: Interview Transcript, 1996 September 9, inclusive

Frady, Marshall: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref31 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:02.

Fusté, Tomás García: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref917 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref917 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The initial six minutes consists of background footage of the WQBA-La Cubanisima radio building, where the interview was conducted.

Historical/Biographical Note

Tomas Garcia Fuste is an anti-Castro radio and television talk show host. He was part of the first wave of voluntary exiles from Cuba after the revolution, arriving in Miami in 1960.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:12.

Fusté, Tomás García: Interview (part 2), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref1000 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Biographical / Historical

This video features an interview with Miami radio host Tomás García Fusté. The video begins with footage of images in Fusté's office and an interview that starts at minute 5:30. Fusté begins by speculating about end of the Castro presidency, which he predicts will occur within a year of the time in which the interview was conducted. He also talks about his family members still living in Cuba, and the state of the country. He discusses Cuban exiles who have attempted to reach the US by raft or in the Mariel Boatlift, and blames Castro for the tragedies that had have happened as a result of people fleeing the country. Finally, Fusté discusses other anti-Castro Cubans in the United States including Orlando Bosch and Jorge Mas Canosa.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:04.

Gades, Antonio: Interview, 1996 August 7, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref888 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref888 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:44.

Garcia, Juanita Vera: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: Digitized Access Files, file: tam616_ref213 (Material Type: electronic records)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Juanita Vera Garcia reflects on her impressions of Fidel Castro, including his outlook, ideology, and appearance. She discusses the impact of Cuba's military intervention in Angola on Castro and his legacy.

Biographical Note

Juanita Vera Garcia was Fidel Castro's official translator. She has also worked as the official translator for Raul Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:14:32.

Garcia, Juanita Vera: Interview 2, Tape B, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: Digitized Access Files, file: tam616_ref219 (Material Type: electronic records)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

Juanita Vera Garcia describes her experiences working as a translator for Fidel Castro. She talks about her translation work, Castro's work habits, his long public speeches, his personality and its effect on the people around him, and the people she has met while working as Castro's interpreter.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:28.

Gonzalez, Elián (and his lawyer), 2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref876 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, Box: ref876 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:50.

González, Elián CNN footage, circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1034 (Material Type: video)
Box: Digitized Access Files, Cassette: tam616_ref1034 (Material Type: electronic records)

González, Elián- "extracts from VHS", circa 2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref226 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Elián González in Cuba. The video begins with extended footage of González arriving in Cuba with his father. As he and his father depart from the plane they are greeted by large crowds and a group of relatives including González's grandparents. The video then cuts to footage of crowds lining the street as González rides home. The video also features footage of Elián González at the beach with his family, going to school, and ends with footage of him reading La Edad de Oro by José Martí, which was a gift from Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:23:32.

González, Elián "Comp Reel", circa 2000, inclusive

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Duration: 90 minutes

Video

González, Elián "Comp Reel"

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview, 2000 November, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref844 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref844 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Juan Miguel González Quintana is the father of Elián González.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:35.

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview, continuation, 2000 November, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref845 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref845 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:40.

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview 1, 2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1053 (Material Type: video)

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview 2, 2000

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1055 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape was so deteriorated that a digital transfer could not be completed.

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview 3, 2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1054 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:42.

González (Quintana), Juan Miguel: Interview, 2000, inclusive

González Corrales, Manuel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref80 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with a brief discussion with one of Fidel Castro's university classmates about a 1980 reunion between Castro and his friends from the University of Havana. The brief footage focuses on a photograph from the event. At minute 3:35 the video changes to an interview with Manuel González Corrales. He discusses his memories of Fidel Castro at the University of Havana and their shared involvement in student activism. He describes the political environment within the university as a microcosm and training ground for the revolutionary movements that developed in Cuba, and later discusses the assassination of Student Federation leader Manolo Castro.

Biographical Note

Manuel González Corrales (1916-2014) was a friend of Fidel Castro at the University of Havana.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:24.

"González, Manuel Corrales Cassette #47", circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 46, Cassette: ref996 (Material Type: video)

Guevara, Alfredo: Interview (part 1), 1996 May 27, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref907 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref907 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Alfredo Guevara Valdes (1925-2013) was a lifelong friend of Fidel Castro. They were students at the University of Havana, where Guevara was a member of the Communist Youth organization. After the Cuban revolution, Guevara became vice minister of Culture and established the Cuban Institute for Arts and Cinematography (I.C.A.I.C.), which sponsored Cuba's state-funded cinema. After leaving the ICAIC 1982, he spent nine years as Cuban ambassador to the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO).

Guevara, Alfredo: Interview (part 2), 1996 May 27, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref997 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:22.

Guevara, Aleida: Interview (part 1), 1996, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1064 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1064 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this interview Aleida Guevara begins with a discussion about her earliest memories of Fidel Castro. She then discusses Castro asking her to write a prolog for a book about her father, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, and his role supporting the unsuccessful revolution in Congo. She describes her enjoyment writing the prolog because it allowed her to revisit positive memories of her father. She also describes Castro's relationship with Guevara, and how Castro convinced him to return to Cuba briefly before he left to support guerilla forces in Bolivia. In the last half of the interview, she reads from the letter Castro wrote to her father convincing him to return to Cuba.

Historical/Biographical Note

Aleida Guevara March (1960- ) is the eldest daughter of four children born to Ernesto "Che" Guevara and his second wife, Aleida March. A medical doctor, Guevara is based at the William Soler Children's Hospital in Havana and has also worked as a physician in Angola, Ecuador, and Nicaragua.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:23:28.

Guevara, Aleida: Interview (part 1), 1998 June 21, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref1396 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Guevara, Aleida: Interview (part 2), 1998 June 21, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref71 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Guevara, Aleida: Interview (part 3), 1998 June 21, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref64 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Guevara, Aleida: Interview (part 4), 1998 June 21, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref67 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Haines, Randa: Interview, 1996 November 9, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref873 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref873 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Randa Haines (1945- ) is a film and television director and producer, most famous for directing the film Children of a Lesser God.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:16:50.

Heath, Edward: Interview, 1996 March 15, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref51 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:24:23.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref905 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref905 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:41.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref73 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:01.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref81 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:55.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref83 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 2 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:16:31; Part 2 - 00:12:54.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref89 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 4 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:15:11; Part 2 - 00:01:50; Part 3 - 00:00:43; Part 4 - 00:11:41.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref97 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:26.

Hernández, Melba: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview with Ana Fidelia, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Hernández, Melba: Interview with Ana Fidelia, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref113 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 4 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:05:26; Part 2 - 00:02:35; Part 3 - 00:01:20, Part 4 - 00:01:20.

Hernández, Melba: Interview with Ana Fidelia, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Interview List, undated

Box: 72, Folder: 6 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Interview Transcripts, 1996, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 7-12 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Jackson, Jesse: Interview, 1996 September 17, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref33 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview (with stills), 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Recording (with stills), 1996, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref891 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref891 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:52.

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Recording, 1996, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref50 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:43.

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Recording, 1996, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref108 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Extent

4 items 3 access CDs and 1 video cassette

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 3 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:08:50; Part 2 - 00:18:34; Part 3 - 00:03:45.

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Recording, 1996, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref109 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Extent

4 items 3 access CDs and 1 video cassette

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 3 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:22:23; Part 2 - 00:01:32; Part 3 - 00:04:09.

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview, 1996 May 29, inclusive

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Recording, 1996 May 29, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref908 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref908 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:06:09.

Jiménez, Antonio Núñez: Interview Transcript, 1996 May 29, inclusive

Landau, Saul: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1045 (Material Type: video)

Landau, Saul: Interview (part 2), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1046 (Material Type: video)

Leal, Eusebio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref110 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This tape includes a partial interview with Cuban historian Eusebio Leal, and begins part way through the interview. Leal discusses the relationship between Fidel Castro and his brother Raúl, which he describes as one of extreme confidence and closeness. Leal also describes the relationship between Castro and other prominent individuals in Cuba including Che Guevara, Celia Sanchez, Carlos Rafael Rodríguez, Conchita Fernandez, and Baudillo Castellano. Finally, he discusses Castro as a polarizing figure and talks about the opposition of many Cubans to his leadership. The last two minutes of the video feature background footage of Leal walking through a courtyard.

Biographical note

Eusebio Leal was the historian for the city of Havana.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:22.

Leal, Eusebio: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref111 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Lesnik, Max: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref882 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref882 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:02.

Lesnik, Max: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref55 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Lesnik, Max: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref63 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Max Lesnik. Lesnik begins by discussing student activism at the University of Havana and clashes with Fulgencio Batista's government. He later discusses Fidel Castro's relationship with his first wife Mirta Díaz-Balart. He later describes Fidel's interest weapons and military action, and describes how the beginnings of Castro's coalition grew out of a militant faction he developed within the Partido Ortodoxo (Orthodox Party). Lesnik details Castro's personality as a young man and suggests that peers viewed him as audacious and likely to achieve prominence. He later addresses a question about racism and notes that as a Jewish man he did face some racism in Cuba, but argues that the generation that he and Castro were a part of held much less prejudice.

Biographical Note

Max Lesnik was a Cuban revolutionary who attended the University of Havana with Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:23.

Levinson, Sandra: Interview, circa 1996-2000, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref32 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:00.

Levinson, Sandra: Interview (continued), circa 1996-2000, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref30 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:33.

Linares, Omar: Interview, circa 1996-2000, inclusive

Box: 9, Cassette: ref51 (Material Type: video)

Llorente, Armando: Interview (part 1), circa 1996-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref990 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a segment of an interview with Father Armando Llorente. In the interview Llorente introduces himself, and begins by discussing how he and several other Jesuit priests traveled from Spain to Cuba in 1942 to teach in Cuban schools. He explains that he was placed in el Colegio de Belen, where he met Fidel Castro who was a student at the school. He discusses what Castro was like as a student and an athlete, and describes him as particularly diligent. He shares a long anecdote about Castro's interest in basketball, and also talks about Castro's interest in other sports including soccer, baseball, and track.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:15:39.

Llorente, Armando: Interview (part 2), circa 1996-2000, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1063 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1063 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview the Father Armando Llorente, Llorente shares anecdotes about Fidel Castro when he was a student at el Colegio Belen. He first shares a story about a time Castro saved him while they were trying to cross a flooding river during a school camping trip. He then talks about an incident when Castro was almost expelled because he refused reveal the location of two missing classmates to the school's rector. Llorente explains that the students had left school in the immediate aftermath of Pearl Harbor to volunteer to fight in World War II, and Castro had promised to keep their decision secret. Finally, he looks through a yearbook from Colegio Belen, and points out a description about Castro in the yearbook.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:20.

Llorente, Armando: Interview (also Ed Murrow), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref57 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Llorente, Armando: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref58 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Llorente, Armando: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref62 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Lockwood, Lee: Interview, 1996 August 21, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref863 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref863 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

During this interview, Lee Lockwood shows many of his Cuban photographs.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:23.

Lockwood, Lee: Interview, 1996 August 22, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref984 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English

Biographical note

Lee Lockwood is an American Journalist who documented Fidel Castro and Cuba in the decade following the Cuban revolution in his 1967 book "Castro's Cuba, Cuba's Fidel."

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:42.

Lockwood, Lee: Interview (part 2), 1996 August 21, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1058 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video contains no audio. It features close-up shots of several of Lee Lockwood's photographs of Fidel Castro. Photos largely feature a young Castro at his home, playing sports, giving speeches, and smoking cigars.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:04:17.

Lockwood, Lee, 1996 August 21, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref21 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Mandela, Nelson, with Jorge Risquet and Juan Almeida, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Scope and Content Note

Juan Almeida and Jorge Risquet meet with Nelson Mandela, exchanging words of greetings and thanks.

Márquez, Gabriel García: Interview, 1996 July 12, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref901 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref901 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:01.

Márquez, Gabriel García: Interview, 1996 July 12, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref902 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref902 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:36.

McGovern, George: Interview, 1996 August 31, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref22 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:23.

McGovern, George: Interview and Wayne Smith Interview, 1996 August 30, inclusive

McGovern, George: Interview and Wayne Smith Interview Recording, 1996 August 30, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref865 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref865 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The footage begins with a 14-minute interview with Wayne Smith followed by almost four minutes of still photos, first of Fidel Castro and Smith, then followed by what appear to be photos in George McGovern's office, including photos of McGovern with Bill Clinton and with Castro. At around 18 minutes, the interview with McGovern begins.

George McGovern speaks in the interview about his first speech in the Senate (1963) on the subject of US-Cuba relations and his continued support for normalization. He talks about his initial meeting with Fidel in 1975, which lasted fourteen hours over the course two days. He later discusses the powerful influence the Miami Cuban community holds in respect to American foreign policy toward Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:25.

McGovern, George: Interview and Wayne Smith Interview Transcript, 1996 August 30, inclusive

Menchu, Rigoberta: Interview, 1996 October 8, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1061 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a brief interview with Guatemalan human rights activist Rigoberta Menchu. Menchu discusses the way people in the third world and Latin America view Fidel Castro, and explains that many see him as a symbol of resistance against imperialism. She discusses the cold or distant reception Castro has received from politicians in the United States over the years. She explains that although political and business leaders largely oppose his presidency, opinions about Castro, even in the United States, are very diverse.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:07:05.

Menchu, Rigoberta: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 1, Betacam: ref255 (Material Type: video)

Menoyo, Eloy Gutierrez: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref60 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Menoyo, Eloy Gutierrez: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref61 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Mina, Gianni: Interview (part 1), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref105 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video contains an interview with Italian journalist Gianni Mina. Mina begins by discussing his background and personal history. He describes his early interest in sports journalism, and later becoming interested in politics after meeting exiled Brazilian youth living in Italy. He describes traveling to Brazil with friends and meeting Latin American intellectuals including Gabriel García Márquez. He later discusses an attempt to interview Fidel Castro at a boxing match in Monaco. He describes interviewing Castro 13 years after his initial attempt, and credits Márquez with facilitating the interview. He describes his interview with Castro in which they discussed Cuban human rights, scientific research, and the death of Che Guevara. The video contains frequent background noise, which makes some of the interview difficult to hear in places.

Biographical note

Gianni Mina is an Italian journalist, writer and tv host who interviewed Fidel Castro in 1987. Excerpts of his interview with Castro were published in his book Human Rights in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:49.

Mina, Gianni: Interview (part 2), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref118 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Gianni Mina begins with a discussion about Fidel Castro's relationship with Che Guevara. Mina explains that Castro only discussed his professional relationship with Guevara, and notes that Castro expressed his disagreement with Guevara's decisions to support revolutionary movements in the third world. In particular he noted that Castro thought Guevara was impatient in his efforts to support revolutionary movements in Bolivia. The second half of the interview focuses on Castro's meeting with Pope John Paul II. Mina discusses the reasons he thought the two men sought the meeting, and what each gained from the encounter. The video ends with a discussion about the role of the Catholic church in Latin America.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:07.

Mina, Gianni: Interview (part 3), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref120 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This final interview with Gianni Mina begins with a discussion about the meeting between Pope John Paul II and Fidel Castro. Mina explains the motivations of each for convening the meeting and the message it sent to Catholics in Latin America and world leaders. Mina also discusses his perceptions of Fidel Castro's personality and his public persona. Finally, he talks about Castro's friendship with novelist Gabriel García Márquez.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:36.

Mitterrand, Danielle: Interview, 1996 March 12, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref919 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref919 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Mitterrand, Danielle: Interview, 1996 March 12, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref920 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref920 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Moakley, Joseph: Interview, 1996 August 21

Box: Digitized Access Files, file: tam616_ref25 (Material Type: electronic records)

Language of Materials

The interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

The first 15 minutes of the video features shots of photographs and ephemera pertaining to Fidel Castro, including a magazine interview of Castro, Lee Lockwood's book/magazine cover, and a telegram from Castro to Lockwood. Parts of the video's first 15 minutes have no audio or video. The rest of the video contains out-of-sync footage from an interview with Representative Joseph Moakley. He discusses his first meeting with Castro, his visit to Cuba, and his views on the United States' foreign policy with Cuba, with particular emphasis on the US embargo of Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:08.

Moakley, Joseph: Interview, 1996 August 23, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref34 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:23:28.

Montane, Jesus: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref82 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Jesus Montane Oropesa (1923-1999) was a Cuban revolutionary who participated in the Moncada assault on July 26, 1953, and remained a close friend and confidant of Fidel Castro.

Montane, Jesus: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref84 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Montane, Jesus: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref87 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Montiel, Magda: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref881 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref881 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Magda Montiel Davis (1953- ) is a Cuban American immigration lawyer who has pushed to improve relations between the United States and Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:18.

Monteil, Magda: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref65 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Ordóñez, Cosme: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref98 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Cosme Ordóñez begins with a discussion about Fidel Castro and his relationship with his brother Raúl. Ordóñez describes his admiration for Raúl. He also talks about the ways in which Raúl and Fidel Castro complimented each other, contending that Raúl had a skill for organization and Fidel a skill for strategy. He also briefly discusses Celia Sanchez and her support of public health. He discusses his perceptions of Fidel Castro as a man, and describes his relationship with Castro at el Colegio de Belén. He discusses his decision to stay in Cuba after the revolution despite the fact that many of his family members fled the country. Video quality is poor in several places.

Biographical note

Cosme Ordóñez (1927 - ) is a Cuban medical doctor and professor of Epidemiology at Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de la Habana (University of Medical Sciences of Havana). He was a childhood friend of Fidel Castro who he met as a school boy at the Colegio de Belén.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:09.

Ordóñez, Cosme: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref112 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Ordóñez, Cosme: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref121 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Ortega, Luis: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref989 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this interview Luis Ortega largely discusses the relationship between Cuba and the United States. He argues that what Cuba needs most is not internal political reform, but rather a change in the United States foreign policy toward Cuba. He argues that the United States needs to respect Cuban sovereignty by lifting the blockade and improving diplomatic relations with the Cuban government. Ortega states that he does not think Castro believes in Communism, but rather adopted the political structure in opposition to the United States. He suggests that by aligning with the Soviet Union Castro hoped avoid a US funded coup similar to the overthrow of Jacobo Árbenz in Guatemala. At the end of the interview he discusses his writing career and how his opinions toward Cuba have changed over the years.

Biographical note

Luis Ortega is a Cuban writer living in Miami.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:01.

Ortega, Luis: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref56 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Ortega, Luis: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref66 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Ortega, Luis: Interview, 1996 October 2, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref227 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this video Estela Bravo interviews journalist Luis Ortega about anti-Castro sentiment in Miami and the custody fight over Elián González. Ortega speaks primarily about Cuban exiles in Miami and the strong anti-Castro sentiment that exists in the city. He discusses US policy toward Cuba, criticizing aggressive US foreign policy and the trade embargo. He also discusses criticism of Cuba for political repression and its single party system, and the US government's response to human rights concerns in Cuba compared to other countries. Much of the second half of the interview focuses on the case of Elián González and the Miami Cuban community's attempt to stop his return to Cuba.

Biographical note

Luis Ortega was a Cuban journalist living in Miami.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:48.

Ortega, Luis and Max Lesnik: Interviews, 2000 July, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref234 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

These interviews are in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features portions of interviews with Luis Ortega and Max Lesnik. The interview with Ortega begins where the footage from tape ref227 ends and runs until minute 16:30. In this portion of the interview he discusses the Cuban community in Miami, and the polarized opinions about Fidel Castro that the community holds. He also talks about the custody battle over Elián González and the image of Fidel Castro as a figure of anti-imperialism in Latin American. At minute 16:31 the footage changes to an interview with Max Lesnik. Lesnik describes his acquaintance with Castro at the University of Havana, where they were classmates. Lesnik discusses Castro's politics during that era, and the inspiration Castro drew from the political leader Eduardo Chibás and the writings of José Martí. The video quality is poor during portions of this interview.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:08.

Pastor, Bob: Interview at the Carter Center, 1992 November 30, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref214 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Robert Alan Pastor (1947-2014) was a member of the National Security Council Staff during the Carter administration. Responsible for US policy toward Latin America and the Caribbean, Pastor participated in the Carter administration's efforts to improve relations with Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 2 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:16:56; Part 2 - 00:01:40.

Patterson, J.P: Speech in Mandela Park, Jamaica, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref101 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video features a speech in English with a translator who speaks in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of an event in Mandela Park in Kingston, Jamaica. In the video Fidel Castro is presented with a key and a certificate, and Jamaican Prime Minister P.J. Patterson welcomes Castro to the city. Patterson delivers a speech thanking Castro for contribution to the fight against apartheid, his support of independence in third world nations, and Africa in particular. He discusses the common bonds between Cuba and Jamaica caused by their shared history of colonization and plantation society, and pledges to help Cuba improve its relationship in the western hemisphere.

Biographical Note

Percival Noel James Patterson (1935 - ) is a Jamaican politician who served as the sixth Prime Minister of Jamaica from 1992 to 2006.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:14:20.

Pollack, Sydney: Interview, 1996 November 9, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref870 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref870 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Sydney Pollack begins by talking about his first visit to Cuba to direct a film about Ernest Hemingway. He discusses meeting with Fidel Castro, and his ongoing feelings about Cuba, where he visits often. Much of the interview focuses on the public perception of Fidel Castro and US relations with Cuba. Pollack also shares several anecdotes about Castro's interactions with Mary Hemingway.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:54.

Pollack, Sydney: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Pollack, Sydney: Interview Recording, 1996, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref871 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref871 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:01:52.

Pollack, Sydney: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Pollack, Sydney: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Pollack, Sydney: Interview Recording, 1996, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref872 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref872 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Sydney Pollack begins by talking about the many failed attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro. He later describes his efforts to make a film in Cuba, and discusses difficulties imposed by US regulations. He mentions the Helms-Burton Act, and speculates about Bill Clinton's views about Castro. Toward the end, Pollack attempts to provide a succinct description of Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:16:46.

Pollack, Sydney: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Press Releases and Coverage, 2001-2002, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 22 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Prieto, Abel: Interview and Baudilio Castellanos Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref892 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref892 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Abel Prieto Jimenez (1950 - ) is a Cuban educator, writer and politician. He was Minister of Culture from 1997 until 2012, when he was appointed as an advisor to Raul Castro.

Baudilio Castellanos Garcia ( -2002) was a lawyer and childhood friend of Fidel Castro. Castellanos attended law school with Castro, and later was one of the defense attorneys at the Moncada trial. He directed Cuba's National Institute of Tourism and served as Cuban Ambassador to France.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:01.

Prieto, Abel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref45 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features portions of an interview with Abel Prieto. In the interview Prieto discusses Fidel Castro's interest in studying prominent historical figures like Napoleon and Churchill as well as the history of indigenous peoples and the working class. Prieto discusses his experience traveling internationally with Castro, and the positive and negative perceptions of Castro in the world. He describes Castro as a polarizing figure and talks about perceptions of Castro in Florida, and Miami in particular. Prieto also describes Castro's competitive spirit, and in the second half of the interview he discusses what he thinks Cuba will look like after Castro's presidency. He discusses his optimism for the future of Cuba after Castro, citing strong party unity and active participation from young voters. He also talks about Cuba moving toward a new kind of socialism.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:56.

Prieto, Abel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Quirot, Ana Fidelia: Footage and a few comments, 1996 June 22, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref906 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref906 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:48.

Quirot, Ana Fidelia: Interview (part 2), 1996 June 22, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref88 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with sprinter Ana Fidelia Quirot. The interview was conducted at a track and field competition, and Quirot speaks with Estela Bravo before her competition. She discusses the pride she feels in representing Cuba as an athlete, and her admiration for Cuban President Fidel Castro. She discusses her experience meeting Castro on several occasions and explains that her mother gave her the name "Fidelia" because she was a supporter of the revolution. She discusses traveling internationally and American athletes' misconceptions about life in Cuba. Finally, she shares her belief that Cuba will continue as a socialist nation. The end of the video features footage of the crowds at the competition and an awards ceremony where Quirot receives a medal.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:33.

Quirot, Ana Fidelia: Interview: "Cassette #31", circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref999 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a brief interview with Cuban athlete Ana Fidelia Quirot. Quirot begins by talking about meeting Fidel Castro and traveling to the United States as an athlete. She discusses meeting international athletes throughout her career and the reception she has received from other athletes, notably Americans, as a Cuban. She shows Estela Bravo several of her awards. After minute 11:20 the interview ends and focuses on still images of Quirot and Fidel Castro. The end of the video shows Quirot training with her coach.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration 00:24:35.

Rabinowitz, Victor: Interview, 1996 September 24, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref986 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Victor Rabinowitz (1911-2007) was a prominent American lawyer who was asked by the Cuban government in 1960 to represent Cuba in legal cases in the United States. In 1964, he won the Sabbatino case in the United States Supreme Court, which upheld Cuba's sovereign right to nationalize American companies in Cuba.

Rabinowitz, Victor: Interview, 1996 September 24, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref987 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:39.

Rangel, Charles: Interview, 1996 August 19, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref858 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref858 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Charles Bernard "Charlie" Rangel (1930- ) is the US Representative for New York's 13th congressional district. He has supported easing the US embargo on Cuba and has expressed concerns about the activities of certain elements of the Cuban exile community in Miami.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:15:35.

Rangel, Charles: Interview, 1996 August 19, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref860 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref860 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:44.

Rangel, Charles: Interview, 1996 August 20, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref861 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref861 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:03.

Rangel, Charles: Office and B-Roll Footage, 1996, inclusive

Box: 63, Cassette: ref1066 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1066 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of former U.S. Representative Charles Rangel in his office speaking with Estela Bravo. The video begins during the final minutes of a formal interview, but the bulk of the video features Rangel and Bravo speaking informally. Rangel shares a few stories about his political relationship with the Catholic Church. Other footage includes Rangel making phone calls and shots of photographs in his office.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:07:38,

Rangel, Charles: Interview Transcript, 1996, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 16 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Rangel, Charles - "Martin Luther King Center", circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref123 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Rasgo, Jose Ignacio: Interview, 1996 October 1, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref879 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref879 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Jose Ignacio Rasgo (1925-2013) was a Cuban politician, journalist and exile leader, who in 1959 founded the Christian Democratic Party in Cuba. After the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista, he went into exile in the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:05.

Rasgo, Jose Ignacio: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref880 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref880 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:56.

Richard, Pierre : Interview, 1996 March 12, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref921 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref921 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref92 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Historical/Biographical Note

Jorge Risquet Valdes (1930 - 2015) joined Fidel Castro's guerrillas in the Sierra Maestra in mid-1958 and, since the revolution, has held senior positions in the Cuban army and the Communist Party. One of Castro's most trusted officials, Risquet was Cuba's chief diplomat in Africa from the 1970s to the 1990s.

Video

Risquet, Jorge: Interview

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref93 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Video

Risquet, Jorge: Interview

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref114 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Video

Risquet, Jorge: Interview

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref115 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Video

Risquet, Jorge: Interview

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref122 (Material Type: Moving Images)
Box: Electronic Records (Material Type: electronic records)

Video

Risquet, Jorge: Interview

Risquet, Jorge: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref916 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref916 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:19.

Rojas, Marta: Interview, 1998 August 23, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref899 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref899 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Marta Rojas (1928- ) is a Cuban journalist and author who witnessed and reported on the Moncada trial. She has worked for Granma and was a war correspondent in Vietnam.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:35.

Rojas, Marta: Interview, 1998 August 23, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref900 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref900 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In this continuation of the Marta Rojas interview, there is a series of stills, many from Castro's youth and some that relate to Moncada.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:24.

Rojas, Marta: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref42 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:03.

Rosenberg, Alex: Interview, 1996 August 20, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref862 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref862 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Alex J. Rosenberg is a fine arts appraiser who works to bring Cuban art and culture to the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:19.

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 1), 1996 July 29, inclusive

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 1) Recording, 1996 July 29, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref20 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Estela Bravo speaks with Arthur Schlesinger about such topics as the Bay of Pigs invasion, the US embargo of Cuba, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the possibility of normalizing relations between Cuba and the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:57.

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 1) Transcript, 1996 July 29, inclusive

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 2), 1996 July 29, inclusive

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 2) Recording, 1996 July 29, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref852 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref852 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Schlesinger continues to discuss the US embargo on Cuba. He speaks about an incident involving Mayor Rudy Giuliani during Castro's visit to New York and toward the end discusses Castro's legacy.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:10.

Schlesinger, Arthur: Interview (part 2) Transcript, 1996 July 29, inclusive

Segundo, Compay: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref847 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref847 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Maximo Francisco Repilado Munoz, known as Compay Segundo, (1907 – 2003) was a Cuban trova guitarist, singer and composer. He first became well known in the 1950s as the second voice and third player in Los Compadres. He was later introduced to much of the world on Ry Cooder's Buena Vista Social Club album.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:50.

Segundo, Compay: footage (also includes Fidel Castro), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref849 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref849 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Footage begins with Compay Segundo, followed by various other clips including Fidel Castro speaking to a group of young people.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:15.

Segundo, Compay and Paula Pina, 2000 November 18, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref851 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref851 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Footage includes an event that appears to be a celebration of Compay Segundo's birthday.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:00.

Shanken, Marvin: Interview, 19 November 1996, inclusive

Box: 98, DVD: ref1044 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Cigar Aficionado publisher Marvin Shanken. In the interview Shanken describes meeting Fidel Castro and interviewing him for an article in the magazine. He briefly describes the events that led to his meeting with Castro and his importance as a symbol in the cigar industry. He discusses the US embargo on Cuba and its effects on the cigar industry, and expresses his hope that then US president Bill Clinton would lift the embargo. The bulk of the interview focuses on Shanken's impression of Castro as a person and a leader. The end features footage of a humidor Shanken received from Castro as a gift and photographs of Castro published in Cigar Aficionado.

Historical/Biographical Note

Marvin Shanken was the publisher of Cigar Aficianado

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:49.

Sheinbaum, Stanley: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref23 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

In this interview Stanley Sheinbaum begins by introducing himself, his work as an economist, and his path to political activism following the Vietnam War. He discusses his personal background including his work organizing the Pentagon Papers defense for Daniel Ellsberg, organizing the American Civil Liberties Union in Los Angeles, and serving as Los Angeles Police Commissioner. He then discusses his political connections with Democratic politicians George McGovern and Bill Clinton. The bulk of the interview focuses on Sheinbaum's travels to Cuba and his interest in the Cuban community in Miami. He discusses the politics of the Miami Cuban community, and at the end of the video discusses his meeting with Cuban politician Ricardo Alarcón, and later Fidel Castro.

Biographical note

Stanley Sheinbaum (1920-2016) was an American human rights activist and political donor.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:55.

Sheinbaum, Stanley: Interview, 1996 September 6, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref38 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains an interview with Stanley Sheinbaum. Sheinbaum talks about meeting Fidel Castro and his impression of Castro as a political leader, which he contrasts with his experience meeting Syrian leader Bashar al Assad. Filmed sometime between 1995 and 1996, Sheinbaum discusses the passage of the Helm-Burton Act by the US Congress, and speculates about impact of the upcoming 1996 elections on US policy toward Cuba. He addresses the criticism and admiration of Castro, and compares Castro's government with Cuba under the presidency of Fulgencio Batista. He also discusses a potential meeting between Castro and President Bill Clinton, but suggests that such a meeting would be contingent on the political situation in the United States. The end of the interview features still images of Sheinbaum with both Castro and Clinton.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:25:27.

Sisulu, Walter and Kalema Moutante: Interview Transcript, 1998 September, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 17 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Historical/Biographical Note

Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (1912 – 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC), serving at times as its Secretary-General and its Deputy President.

Smith, Wayne: Interview, 1996 August 29, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref864 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref864 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Wayne S. Smith (1932- ) is an academic, author and former United States diplomat. Smith served as Chief of the United States Interest Section in Cuba from 1979 to 1982.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:49.

Smith, Wayne: Interview, 1996 August 30, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref35 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Smith, Wayne: Interview "Hotel Ambos Mundo", 1996, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref220 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with a 30:00-minute interview with American diplomat Wayne Smith, and concludes with 30:00 minutes of footage of a parade for the Premio Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Prize). The interview with Smith features a discussion about his memories of Cuba prior to the Cuban Revolution, and the changes that followed. He discusses Castro's role as a leader, speaking specifically about the nationalization of US properties in Cuba and failed negotiations between the two countries. He also discusses the controversy over Elián González and criticism of human rights violations in Cuba. At minute 30:35 the video switches to footage of a parade for the Premio Internacional Benito Juárez. The bulk features on-the-street footage of the parade, while the last 5 minutes feature a performance from a children's choir.

Biographical / Historical

Wayne Smith was a US diplomat to Cuba. He arrived in Cuba in July 1958, during the Cuban revolution and worked in the US embassy in Cuba in 1959 and 1960.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:58:43.

Soto, Lionel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref94 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Lionel Soto Prieto (1927-2008) was a Cuban revolutionary, historian, diplomat and professor. He was imprisoned during the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. Released in 1959, he held positions within the Communist Party of Cuba and the Cuban government, including representing Cuba as ambassador to the Soviet Union and Great Britain.

Soto, Lionel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref95 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Soto, Lionel: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref96 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Thompson, Dudley Joseph: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref104 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Dudley Joseph Thompson (1917-2012) was a Jamaican Pan-Africanist lawyer, politician and diplomat. He served in the Jamaican House, the Senate and as a Cabinet Minister under Prime Minister Michael Manley.

Thompson, Dudley Joseph: Interview

Box: 95, DVD: ref119 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Thompson, Dudley: Interview Transcript, undated

Box: 72, Folder: 18 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Turner, Ted: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref132 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains a 30-minute interview between Estela Bravo and Ted Turner in Atlanta. The initial 14 minutes involve Bravo showing Turner old footage to refresh his memory of his past visits to Cuba. The remainder of the interview involves Turner responding to questions and talking about Fidel Castro, and his views on normalizing relations with Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:00.

Turner, Ted: Interview, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 76, DVD: ref135 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:00.

Turner, Ted: Interview Transcript, 1998 September, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 19 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Turner, Ted: Havana Visit Footage, 1990, inclusive

Treuhaft, Ben: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref867 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref867 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Ben Treuhaft is a musician, activist who organized efforts to send pianos to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:40.

Treuhaft, Ben: Interview, 1996 September 4

Box: Digitized Access Files, Video: ref37 (Material Type: electronic records)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage from an interview with Ben Treuhaft, a piano tuner. He talks about his first trip to Cuba as part of Pam Montenegro's Freedom to Travel campaign, meeting Fidel Castro, and his later visits to Cuba. He describes his project sending donated pianos to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:19.

Varela, Angel Fernandez: Interview, 1996 October 1, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref877 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref877 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Historical/Biographical Note

Angel Fernandez Varela a teacher of Fidel Castro's who taught at the Belen Jesuit Preparatory School in Havana. An opponent of the Castro government, he was recruited by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). According to his son, Alvaro Fernandez, Valrela had been one of the CIA agents who secretly introduced among the Cuban population a false decree stating that they would lose parental authority, leading to Operation Peter Pan in the 1960s.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:06:54.

Varela, Angel Fernandez: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref878 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref878 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:27:15.

Varela, Angel Fernandez: Interview, 1996, inclusive

Box: 95, DVD: ref988 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview Angel Fernandez Varela, Varela discusses the anti-Fidelista sentiment in Miami, and the way the opinions about Castro have changed in the Miami Cuban community. He suggests that anti-Fidelistas are still the majority in Miami, but those in favor of Castro are increasing. He addresses criticism of Castro as a dictator, and contends that he does not consider dictators frightening. He also discusses returning to Cuba in 1993. He describes meeting Castro again, and describes their meeting as amiable. In the second half of the interview Estela Bravo shares a yearbook from Colegio de Belén during the years when he was a teacher of Fidel Castro. Varela looks through the yearbook and shares stories about students and his memories at the school.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:56.

Walker, Alice: Interview, 1996 September 3, inclusive

Box: 68, Cassette: ref866 (Material Type: video)
Box: 84, DVD: ref866 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:16:34.

Walker, Alice: Interview (part 2), 1996 September 3, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1040 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1040 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video contains a segment of an interview with novelist Alice Walker. Walker begins with a discussion about Cuban education and efforts to spread literacy to the elderly. She also discusses her impressions of Cuba during various visits she took to the island. She discusses her first visit in 1978, and explains that she was dismayed by how many white men held positions of power and the government's treatment of gays. She later discusses meeting Fidel Castro on subsequent trips to Cuba with delegations brining medical supplies.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration 00:13:25.

Walker, Alice: Interview, 1996 September 3, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref208 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features part of an interview with author Alice Walker. Walker discusses her memories of Castro's 1995 speech at Riverside Church in Harlem, and her experience meeting Castro in person. She addresses American media portrayals of Castro as a dictator, which she says contrasts with her perception of him. Walker also discusses Castro's knowledge of agricultural issues, and concludes that his longevity as a leader in Cuba comes from the support he has from many Cuban citizens. The end of the video features still images of Walker with Castro and during her travels in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:14

Walker, Alice: Interview, circa 1996, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref36 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Walker, Alice: Interview, circa 1996, inclusive

Box: 86, DVD: ref26 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Walker, Lucius: Interview, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Interview Recording, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref12 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Extent

3 items This interview consists of 3 access DVDs

Historical/Biographical Note

The Rev. Lucius Walker, Jr. (1930-2010), a Baptist minister, founded Pastors for Peace. At the invitation of Fidel Castro in 2000, Rev. Walker formed and headed the committee that allowed US students from underserved communities to study medicine at the Latin American School of Medicine in Havana.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Recording is divided into 3 access DVDs. Duration: Part 1 - 00:04:50; Part 2 - 00:01:27; Part 3 - 00:03:46.

Walker, Lucius: Interview Transcript, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Interview, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Interview Recording, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref16 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:35.

Walker, Lucius: Interview Transcript, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Interview, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Interview Recording, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Box: 75, DVD: ref17 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:17.

Walker, Lucius: Interview Transcript, 1996 August 1, inclusive

Walker, Lucius: Caravan for Peace Press Conference (part 2), 1993 July 16, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref136 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is primarily in Spanish, with some portions in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features a press conference with Baptist minister Lucius Walker and other representatives in support of the Caravan for Peace, which sought to deliver aid from the United States to Cuba. Walker and other speakers call for an end to the United States' blockade on Cuba, and express their hope that the caravan will ease the suffering of Cubans negatively impacted by the blockade. The end of this video features footage of protesters in Miami voicing their opposition to the Cuban government and the caravan.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:25.

Walker, Lucius: Caravan for Peace Press Conference (part 1), 1993 July 16, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref139 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features a press conference in Miami announcing the departure of the second Caravan for Peace. The press conference features a statement by Baptist minister Lucius Walker, leader of Pastors for Peace who organized the caravan. Walker begins by celebrating the contributions of aid from Americans opposed to the US trade embargo against Cuba. Walker describes the extent of aid and provides some explanation the purpose of the aid and how it will be distributed. Also featured in the press conference is Andres Gomez of Antonio Maceo Brigades, which also participated in the caravan.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:27.

Birán Scenes, undated

Box: 98, DVD: ref1020 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Fidel Castro's childhood home in Birán, Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:09:14.

Bosch/Aruca "Radio Progresso ECITVFAR", undated

Box: 9, Cassette: ref46 (Material Type: video)

Brooklyn Academy of Music: Bravo and Steven Spielberg, 2002

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_5 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Brooklyn Academy of Music: Bravo and Steven Spielberg: 2002- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Brooklyn Academy of Music: Fidel Documentary Question and Answer, 2002

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_6 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Brooklyn Academy of Music: Fidel Documentary Question and Answer: 2002- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Brooklyn Academy of Music: New York, 2002

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_7 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Brooklyn Academy of Music: New York: 2002- (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Castro, Fidel: Speaking, while having his portrait painted by Oswaldo Guayasamín, 1998 July, inclusive

Box: 71, Cassette: ref934 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref934 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

In this footage, Fidel Castro is sitting for a portrait on his 70th birthday. This lengthy footage consists primarily of Castro speaking about a variety of subjects. It also features footage of news photographers, including Estela Bravo, to whom he appears to be speaking. He talks about his recent trip to the United States, describes an event where Yasser Arafat was asked to leave Lincoln Center, and talks about how he would have reacted if he been asked to leave. As the footage progresses, it is possible to see the progress of the portrait.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:34:00.

Castro, Fidel: Footage, Public Events, 2001 January 25, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1070 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish.

Scope and Content Note

This video features clips of Fidel Castro at several public events filmed around the year 2000. The majority of the clips feature rallies and town meetings in Cuba calling for the return of Elian González. Castro does not speak in any of the clips, but can be seen greeting crowds. In one section he speaks to González's father Juan Miguel González Quintana, but cannot be heard due to poor audio quality. Other clips feature Castro touring a Cuban medical school with American reporter Andrea Mitchell, and clips included at the end of the tape feature Castro greeting crowds during his travels to other countries.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:32:12.

CBS News Archives Person to Person with Ed Murrow - "Fidel Castro", 1959 February 6, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref230 (Material Type: video)

Contact Lists, 2001, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 1-2 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Correspondence, 2002, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 3-4 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Flyers, circa 2001, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 16 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Cape Town 1, Fidel addresses Parliament, 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref923 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref923 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:25.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Cape Town 3, Fidel speaking at Parliament, 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref924 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref924 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:44.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: "Cape Town Interview - Parliament", 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 7, Cassette: ref151 (Material Type: video)

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Cape Town Speech in Parliament, 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref150 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features the first portion of a speech by Fidel Castro to the South African parliament in Cape Town, South Africa. Castro begins speaking around minute 5:00. He begins by offering his support and hope for the creation of a new South Africa led by Nelson Mandela, and commends Mandela for his commitment to justice following the end of the apartheid system. Castro calls for an end to divisions on the basis of race, and encourages South Africa and its political leaders to seek to address problems in economic inequality. He discusses the history of colonialism, which led to slavery and exploitation across the globe, expresses his hope that the new South African government will serve as an example of how to break free from the legacy of that system. Audio quality of this video is poor in places.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:58.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Cape Town 12, various (including Parliament), 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref925 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref925 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:42.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Cape Town 13, Fidel Speech, 1998 September 4, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref926 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref926 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:00.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban, Fidel Mandela greeting, 1998, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref152 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This brief clips shows a greeting in Durban between Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro. There are two versions, one with music and one without.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:02:32.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban, 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref922 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref922 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:07.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: "Pretoria (part 1) Soweto", 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref148 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with on-the-street interviews in Soweto, South Africa with individuals gathered in anticipation of a visit by Fidel Castro. Interviewees explain why they are excited to see Fidel Castro, and several express their gratitude for Cuba's support of the fight against the apartheid government. The footage then changes to show Castro's arrival. The end of the video provides approximately 10 minutes of a rally honoring Castro. The speakers welcome Cuban and South African leaders and affirm the friendship between the two nations. Speakers also celebrate the memory of the Cuban revolution and Cuba's role in supporting democracy in South Africa.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:52.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban (part 2), 1998 September 2, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref128 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video largely features Nelson and Winnie Mandela greeting world leaders and delegates at the Non-Aligned Movement Summit in Durban, South Africa. Mandela can be seen greeting several prominent individuals including Yasser Arafat and Fidel Castro. At minute 18:04 the video features portions of Mandela's speech, which appears to have been recorded from a television screen or projector. The speech is not complete, but in it, Mandela speaks about the need for developed countries to commit to supporting those that are less developed. He specifically calls for the United Nations to support the people in Angola and Sudan.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:26:00.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban (part 3), 1998 September 2, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref129 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video contains a speech in Spanish with translation in English.

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of Fidel Castro at the Non-Aligned Movement Summit in Durban, South Africa. The first 10 minutes feature Castro greeting other delegates and walking through crowds. At minute 10:32 the footage changes to portions of Castro's speech at the summit, which contains overlapping footage from video ref133. In the speech Castro calls for reforms with the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. He likewise criticizes wealthy nations, the United States in particular, for the proliferation of weapons, destruction of the environment, and the abuses of market capitalism.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:47.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban (part 4) Interviews/Economic Crisis CNN Copy, 1998 September 2, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref133 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish with translation in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features a speech by Fidel Castro at the Non-Aligned Movement Summit in Durban, South Africa. Castro begins by thanking the leaders of the South African government, and calls for reforms with the United Nations to provide greater representation of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. He specifically calls for an expansion of the Security Council and an end to permanent membership. He likewise criticizes the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, both of which he argues disproportionately benefit wealthy nations, and the United States in particular. In his speech Castro also criticizes wealthy nations development and sales of weapons, lack of respect for the environment, and displacement of people in the third world.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:42.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Durban (part 5) "Copy El Papa", 1998 September 2, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref134 (Material Type: video)

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Fidel at Robben Island and Entering Soweto, 1998, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref927 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref927 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

At Robben Island Estela Bravo interviews South Africans about Fidel Castro. There are scenes of a speech welcoming Castro followed by him talking with people and answering questions. The tape also contains footage in Soweto of Castro's arrival, and shows him placing a wreath on the monument to the 1976 uprising. The sound cuts in and out in several sections.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:55.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: Soweto (3), 1998, inclusive

Box: 77, DVD: ref156 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:00.

Footage of Fidel Castro in South Africa: "Transfers of Omar Chile Order Hope Robben Island", 1998, inclusive

Box: 7, Cassette: ref155 (Material Type: video)

Footage: Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro, 1998 July 7, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref1013 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish with translation in both languages.

Scope and Contents

This video features a series of clips of South African president Nelson Mandela visiting Cuba. The video begins with footage of Mandela arriving in Cuba where he is greeted by Fidel Castro. The bulk features Mandela and Castro at addressing crowds across Cuba, but does not contain any complete speeches. Much of the audio captured in these clips features informal discussions between the two leaders as they travel to different venues. Footage at the end of the video features Fidel Castro during a visit to South Africa, and ends with a segment of footage shot sometime earlier in which Mandela asks Castro to visit South Africa.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:48.

Footage: Various, Including Fidel Castro with Compay Segundo and Others, undated

Box: 68, Cassette: ref850 (Material Type: video)
Box: 83, DVD: ref850 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Some of the footage shows Fidel Castro at a reception for a group of doctors, which took place on Castro's birthday. There is black and white historical footage and, at the end, a there is footage of Castro with Hugo Chávez during a trip to Venezuela.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:39:21.

Footage: At a Reception, includes Fidel, Raúl Castro and Gabriel García Márquez, undated

Box: 77, DVD: ref181 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:06:00.

Grenada Footage, 1998 August 1, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref912 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref912 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:44.

Grenada Footage: Fidel "Casa les Ministro", 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref910 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref910 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:44.

"Grenada Speech", 1998, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref99 (Material Type: video)

"Grenada Airport - Fidel", 1998, inclusive

Info Packet, 2001, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 5 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Jamaica Footage: Lt. Governor Visit, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref911 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref911 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:50.

Jamaica Footage: West Indies University Chancellor, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref909 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref909 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Jamaica Footage: Fidel Speech in Mandela Park, 1998

Box: 97, DVD: ref1005 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video contains speeches in English and Spanish with interpretation into both languages.

Scope and Contents

This video features a small portion of a speech by Fidel Castro at a ceremony celebrating the opening of Mandela Park in Kingston, Jamaica in 1998. Castro discusses European tourism, and argues that development of Jamaican tourism does not compete with tourist economies of other Caribbean nations, but rather represents a good sign for Caribbean tourism in general. Castro is then presented with the gift of a book by Jamaican spelling bee champion Jody-Anne Maxwell.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:06:35.

"Mandela Park - Patterson", circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref126 (Material Type: video)

Footage: Castro Arriving in Montego Bay, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref103 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Contents

This video contains footage of Fidel Castro arriving to a celebration in Montego Bay, Jamaica. The bulk of the footage shows crowds of Jamaicans waiting along a street for Castro's motorcade to arrive. It also shows Castro arriving and greeting individuals in the crowd. At the end, a man can be heard off camera addressing welcoming Castro to the city.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:11:39.

Castro, Fidel: End of Speech in Mandela Park, Jamaica, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref106 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish and English.

Scope and Contents

This video features the end of a speech by Fidel Castro in Mandela Park in Kingston, Jamaica. In this portion of the speech Castro discusses the need for Caribbean solidarity as a way to promote education and economic development in the region. He also calls for a greater dedication to the preservation of natural resources, protection of the environment, and support of neighbors after natural disasters such as hurricanes. At the end of the speech Castro is presented with a gift to thank him for visiting the city.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:15:19.

"Plaza - Sam Sharpe - Montego Bay", circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref116 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features on-the-street interviews with crowds waiting for the arrival of Fidel Castro. In a series of brief interviews Estela Bravo asks individuals why they have come to see Castro speak and their opinions about him as a leader. Many express their admiration for Castro, specifically citing Cuba's role as a leader in education and healthcare in the Caribbean.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 0:24:54.

Crowd Footage: Castro Speech at Sam Sharpe Square in Montego Bay, Jamaica, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref144 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English and Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of crowds in Montego Bay, Jamaica watching a speech by Fidel Castro. The footage focuses predominantly on individuals and their reactions to Castro's speech. Castro speaks in Spanish while his translator speaks in English, but the audio is only present in the background, while the video focuses predominantly on members of the crowd. The video starts and stops several times and as a result does not contain a complete recording of Castro's speech.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:59.

Grenada; Fidel Hotel Pegaso with Jamaican Governor, circa 1998, inclusive

Box: 6, Cassette: ref125 (Material Type: video)

News footage - Pierre Trudeau, etc., undated

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1032 (Material Type: video)

Parts of Interview Translated Into English, 2001, inclusive

Box: 72, Folder: 20-21 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

"Pastors for Peace" Caravan Footage - Miami, Little Havana, 1993 July 15, 1993 July 17, inclusive

Box: 69, Cassette: ref886 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref886 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:20.

"Pastors for Peace" Caravan Footage in Miami, 1993 July 16, inclusive

Box: 46, Cassette: ref1002 (Material Type: video)

"Pastors for Peace" Caravan Footage in Miami, includes Lucius Walker, 1993 July 17, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1003 (Material Type: video)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This tape is potentially damaged or unviewable.

"Pastors for Peace" Caravan Footage in Miami, 1993 July 16, inclusive

Box: 9, Cassette: ref72 (Material Type: video)

Photos of Rangel, Mandela, Clinton, El Papa, and Hotel Teresa, 1996 August 10

Box: Digitized Access Files, Video: ref19 (Material Type: electronic records)

Scope and Content Note

This video contains no audio. It features close-up shots of photographs of New York Representative Charles Rangel with people such as Nelson Mandela, President Bill Clinton, and Pope John Paul II. There are various street and building shots in Harlem in New York City, such as at 125th Street and 7th Avenue, the Hotel Theresa, and the the Adam Clayton Powell Jr. State Office Building.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:09:53.

Photos of Alicia Alonso, Ramon Castro, Fidel Castro, Leonel Soto, Samora Machel, and Others, circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref74 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This interview is in Spanish.

Scope and Contents

This video features still images of Fidel Castro and an interview with Cuban revolutionary Lionel Soto. The first 10 minutes features shots of still images of Castro with members of his family, including his oldest brother Ramón and his mother Lina Ruz González. Later photos feature Castro speaking to Cuban dancer Alicia Alonso after one of her performances. At minute 10:10 the video changes to an interview with Lionel Soto. Soto speaks about his memories of Castro and the student activist movement at the University of Havana. He describes student activism in period leading up to the Cuban revolution and Castro's role as a leader of that movement.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:01.

Presenting Fidel Documentary in Los Angeles, circa 2001

Box: Electronic Records, E-records: TW_TAM_616_ER_8 (Material Type: electronic records)

Digital materials

Presenting Fidel Documentary in Los Angeles: circa 2001 (Material Type: Electronic Record)

Riverside Church, Harlem: Castro Speech (part 1), 2000 September 8, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1028 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video features Castro speaking in Spanish with a translator speaking in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Fidel Castro's 2000 visit to the Riverside Church in the Harlem. The footage begins with a short speech by Bronx Congressman Jose Serrano welcoming Castro the New York City. The first 14-minutes feature individuals welcoming Castro and the crowd cheering for him and singing "Happy Birthday." At minute 14:30 Castro addresses the crowd and thanks them for their hospitality. He discusses his previous visits to New York City, and talks about several social issues like the blockade against Cuba, and maternal deaths and child malnutrition in the third world.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:18.

Riverside Church, Harlem: Castro Speech (part 2), 2000 September 8, inclusive

Box: 96, DVD: ref1029 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video features Castro speaking in Spanish with a translator speaking in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features the continuation of Fidel Castro's speech at Riverside Church in Harlem. In this portion of the speech Castro discusses the trade embargo and the effect it has had on Cuba's ability to obtain food and medicine. He also criticizes the globalized banking system and the problem of professionals from the third world moving to richer nations. He discusses Cuban solidarity with third world nations in Latin America and Africa, and praises the quality education and medical care in Cuba. This video stops and starts several times and does not contain a complete recording of the speech.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:34.

Riverside Church, Harlem: Castro in New York (part 1), 2000 September 8, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1052 (Material Type: video)
Box: 96, DVD: ref1052 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features footage from Fidel Castro's visit to the Riverside Church in Harlem in the year 2000. The bulk of the video features footage of the crowd waiting for Castro's arrival. At minute 1:55 Estela Bravo briefly interviews Bronx Congressman Jose Serrano about his opinions of Castro and the reason the crowd at the church is eager to hear him speak. At minute 10:16 the footage changes to an interview with an American diplomat who was part of the negotiations to return Elian González to Cuba. She talks about Castro as a negotiator and her perceptions of working with him on the González case. The footage also shows Fidel Castro arriving at the church and brief welcoming statements from various speakers.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:02.

"Riverside Church, Harlem (part 4), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1056 (Material Type: video)

Riverside Church, Harlem (part 5), circa 1995-2000, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref229 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in Spanish with translation in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features the final portion of Fidel Castro's speech at Riverside Church in Harlem. In this segment he thanks the American people who called for Elián González's return to Cuba, and those who protested legislation strengthening the trade embargo against Cuba. Castro then speaks about inequality and marginalization, which he acknowledges continues to exist in Cuba, and pledges his commitment to ending poor housing conditions and raising standards of living. Finally, he talks at length about what he viewed as overblown news coverage of his handshake with American President Bill Clinton, explaining that it lasted only a brief moment and the two men were simply trying to be polite.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:14.

Jesse Helms News Conference (part 1), 1995 February 9, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref237 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features a press conference hosted by United States senators and congressional representatives introducing the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act, later called the Helms-Burton Act. Senator Jesse Helms of South Carolina introduces the act and the goals of the legislation. Helms expresses his hope that the bill will lead to an end of Fidel Castro's leadership in Cuba and lead the country on a path away from communism. Co-author of the bill, Representative Dan Burton from Indiana speaks next and outlines the provisions of the bill, which places restrictions on U.S. trading partners who seek to trade with Cuba. Burton stresses the bi-partisan support for the bill and the stated goal of hastening the end of Fidel Castro's control in Cuba. Other speakers include representatives who contributed to the bill Lincoln Díaz-Balart, Bob Menendez, and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:51.

Jesse Helms News Conference (part 2), 1995 February 9, inclusive

Box: 97, DVD: ref225 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Language of Materials

This video is in English.

Scope and Contents

This video features a press conference with United States senators announcing the passage of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act of 1996 also known as the Helms-Burton Act. Footage begins with a brief statement by Democratic Representative Robert Menendez of New Jersey, followed by a congressman from Florida, both of whom celebrate the bipartisan nature of the bill and express their hope that the bill will ultimately lead to the end of Fidel Castro's leadership in Cuba. Senator Jesse Helms ends the press conference describing the provisions of the bill, the restrictions it places on trade with Cuba, and expresses his hope that the bill will expedite the removal of Fidel Castro from power in Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:12:53.

Script, undated

Box: 72, Folder: 23 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Selection of Images "Yo Estuve Alli/ I Was There" (ICAIC), 2000 August 29, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref943 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref943 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

According to Estela Bravo, this footage is a black and white documentary about the history of Cuba. This footage is not originally from one of Bravo's documentaries, but she used clips from it for her film Fidel.

State Council Footage: Scenes of Birán and other Fidel-related "Universidad Fidel de Casselle", undated

Box: 9, Cassette: ref197 (Material Type: video)

State Council Footage: "Speeches Create Conscience", undated

Box: 62, Cassette: ref1023 (Material Type: video)

State Council Footage: Includes footage in Chile, Colombia, and with Mohammed Ali, undated

Box: 71, Cassette: ref928 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref928 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

Much of the footage was filmed in Chile and Colombia. It contains an assortment of clips including: Castro meeting Latin American presidents; Gabriel García Márquez and his wife Mercedes; Castro speaking about inequality and justice; footage of Robert McNamara, Castro, and Jorge Risquet joking with each other around 00:27:00; a speech by Castro; and a celebration of Castro's birthday on plane. At 00:38:00 there is footage of a meeting in preparation for Pope's visit to Cuba. In another clip, Castro shows a set of Russian dolls and boxing puppets of himself and Bill Clinton, and around 00:56:00 there is a clip of a visit by Mohammed Ali and the Cuban boxer, Teofilo Stevenson. The sound drops out in intermittently throughout the video.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:04:49.

State Council Footage: Diane Sawyer, Dan Rather, and Others, 1998 August 7, inclusive

Box: 71, Cassette: ref929 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref929 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:33:35.

State Council Footage: Fidel and Mandela, 1998 August 7, inclusive

Box: 71, Cassette: ref930 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref930 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

The footage shows Fidel at the Rome Food and Agriculture Organization press conference in 1966; during visit to South Africa; at a reception line in Cuba; and in an interview with Diane Sawyer.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:31:33.

State Council Footage: Pope (part 1) (airport arrival, speeches, greetings, Fidel kissing the Pope), 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref932 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref932 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:51.

State Council Footage: Pope (part 2), 1998, inclusive

Box: 70, Cassette: ref933 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref933 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:33.

State Council Footage: Pope (part 3), 1998, inclusive

Box: 46, Cassette: ref1010 (Material Type: video)

State Council Footage: Pope (part 4) (Dominican Cardinals), 1998, inclusive

Box: 46, Cassette: ref1011 (Material Type: video)

State Council Footage: ICAIC (The Cuban Institute of Cinematographic Art and Industry) Newsreels, undated

Box: 71, Cassette: ref935 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref935 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

There are a series of black and white clips on this tape. It contains older footage of Fidel Castro.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:10:01.

State Council Footage: ICAIC Newsreels, undated

Box: 71, Cassette: ref936 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref936 (Material Type: Moving Images)

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains a variety of black and white ICAIC film clips, which are in Spanish. They show Fidel Castro in many different settings such as state visits (including to Indira Gandhi), speeches, among the Cuban people, playing chess, hugging African leaders, and at a school. Some of the clips are older and some are duplicated on other footage.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:36.

State Council Footage: ICAIC Newsreels, circa 1980s, inclusive

Box: 71, Cassette: ref937 (Material Type: video)
Box: 85, DVD: ref937 (Material Type: Moving Images)