This collection is comprised of administrative records of the Transport Workers Union of America. The Michael J. (Mike) Quill Files document the trade-union and political activity of Quill, a founding member of the TWU and its president from 1935 to 1966. The collection also contains records of Quill's three successful campaigns for the New York City Council (on the American Labor Party ticket and as an independent) and his work as a councilman. Other series contain files of Quill's successor, Matthew Guinan, other TWU officers and staff, TWU divisions, and national conventions. Included are incoming and outgoing correspondence, financial records, reports, speeches, bargaining files, arbitration and mediation decisions, publicity materials and clippings.
Series I: Files of Michael J. (Mike) Quill. Subseries I:A: TWU Presidential Files, 1928-1970, consists, for the most part, of files from the TWU President's Office during Quill's tenure, including incoming and outgoing correspondence documenting the full range of union activity. Notable are the extensive files of correspondence with TWU officers and staff; with officers and staff of the CIO at the national, state and city levels; with officers of other unions; with TWU members, including members serving in the military during World War II and members approving or condemning Quill's break with the Communist Party; with individuals in Ireland; and from the general public -- including letters of support, complaints and hate mail. Among the prominent correspondents represented are Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, Governor Herbert Lehman, U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins, CIO presidents John L. Lewis and Philip Murray, Walter Reuther, Eleanor Roosevelt and Martin Luther King, Jr. The series documents Quill's close contacts with TWU organizers and field offices across the country, and the key role he always played in the affairs of TWU Local 100 (New York City). Also documented are Quill's early and continuing support for civil rights, Irish nationalism, anti-fascist campaigns, and other progressive social and political causes, as well as his close ties to the Communist Party and his dramatic break with the Party in 1948-49. Publicity materials illustrate his pioneering use of radio and television to convey the TWU's message to the public. A separate section of files is devoted to Mike Quill's personal life, including his family, his finances, his illnesses and death, and memorial gatherings honoring him.
Subseries I:B: New York City Council Files, 1937-1948, provides a detailed record of Mike Quill's political activity, beginning with his successful 1937 campaign, on the American Labor Party (ALP) ticket, for a seat on the New York City Council representing a district in the Bronx. Flyers, brochures, reports, correspondence, financial records and voter lists from this and his subsequent Council campaigns, and accompanied by material documenting the campaigns of other ALP and ALP-endorsed candidates (notably Congressmen Vito Marcantonio and Leo Isaacson, and Mayor William O'Dwyer). Also included are files of material illustrating Quill's appeals to various ethnic groups (in many languages), letters of support from other CIO unions, documentation of CIO political activity in New York City, and the records of support groups such as the Quill Association, the Independent Citizens Committee to Elect Quill, the TWU's Committee to Elect Quill and various neighborhood groups. Correspondence files and files of bills and resolutions introduced or supported by Quill reflect the range of his political concerns (including housing, health care, working conditions of public employees, immigrant affairs, price controls and other consumer issues and anti-discrimination measures).
Series II: Files of Matthew Guinan,1935-1978.,includes Guinan's files covering his tenure as TWU Secretary-Treasurer and (from 1966) President. The material reflects his interest in leglislative matters, his intense involvement with the Air Transport and Railroad Divisions of the TWU, and his service on various AFL-CIO bodies.
Series III: Files of Other Officers and Staff, 1911-1990., includes files from the offices of Gustav Faber (TWU Secretary-Treasurer); Maurice Forge (Assistant to the Secretary-Treasurer and editor, TWU Bulletin); Douglas L. MacMahon (organizer, president of TWU Local 100 and International Secretary-Treasurer); Shirley (Uzin Garry) Quill (legislative secretary and campaign manager Quill City Council campaign, executive assistant to the TWU president); and Frank Sheehan, International Vice-President.
Series IV: Convention Records, 1937-1969.,includes detailed records of TWUA national conventions (correspondence, credentials committee material, transcripts of proceedings, etc.).
Series V: Air Transport Division, 1945-1983, reflects the TWU's expanded organizing efforts in the airline industry in the 1960s and 1970s, and includes extensive files on American Airlines, Pan-American World Airways, Transworld Airlines and other companies' negotiations and ongoing relations with the union. Also included are correspondence files of TWU staff who specialized in airlines organizing and servicing air transport locals of the TWU.
Series VI: Air Transport Division, Addendum, 1945-1975, consists of decisions of the System Board of Adjustment and the National Mediation Board, and other arbitration and mediation decisions. Included are extensive files on the TWU's relations with American Airlines, Pan American World Airways, Transworld Airlines and several smaller companies.
Series VII: Unprocessed Material: Railroad Division Records, General Files, and Ledgers, consists mostly of Railroad Division records, mostly from the 1960s and 1970s, including correspondence with TWU railroad locals, reports, minutes of Division presidents' meetings, SBA decisions, and extensive files on general history of and TWU activity relating to the Pennsylvania Railroad. There are also financial ledgers, including dues records from 1944-1955 and expense records from 1935-1937, 1944-1948, and 1952-1955.
Series VIII: Photographs, Glass Negatives, and Slides consists of photographs documenting TWU events and demonstrations, glass negatives and slides from TWU presentations, and a scrapbook of Michael Quill's visit to Israel in 1953.
Series IX: Archived Website for Transport Workers Union of America.