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Neil Sih Typescript "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China"

Call Number



1934, inclusive


Sih, Niel
Cowl, Carl (Role: Donor)


0.25 Linear Feet in 1 manuscript box

Language of Materials

English .


Consists of an unpublished typescript titled "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress," by Neil Sih, a Chinese Communist who became active in the (Trotskyist) Left Opposition in China.

Historical/Biographical Note

Niel Sih was a Chinese Communist who became active in the Trotskyist Left Opposition in China. Born as Liu Renjing, he took the pseudonym of Neil Sih, which he claimed was given to him by Leon Trotsky. As a member of the Left Opposition, Sih was a staunch opponent of Chen Dixiu, then the de facto leader of the movement, whom Sih may have seen as an obstacle to his own succession in party leadership. Critical of the ruling party of China, The Kuomintang, Sih was jailed and tortured. In March 1937, four months prior to his scheduled discharge, Sih was released from prison after aligning himself with the Kuomintang. As a result, he was expelled from the Left Opposition, and later joined the Publicity Section of the National Military Council of the Kuomintang.


Revolutionary History, Vol. 2, no. 4 (Spring 1990), "The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution."


Organized into 1 series:

Missing Title

  1. I, Manuscript

Scope and Content Note

Consists of an unpublished typescript, Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress(1934), 124 leaves (carbon-copy).

Table of Contents: I. Introductory (1-7); II. Differences in Interpretation of the Slogan of the National Assembly (8-20); III. On the Character of the Third Chinese Revolution (21-39); IV. On the Role of Imperialism and Feudal Survivals in Chinese Economy (40-50); V. On the Question of Relations with the Bourgeoisie (51-66); VI. On the Estimation of the Present Situation and Questions Concerning Our Tactics (67-106); VII. The Trade Union Movement, the "Red Armies" and the Student Movement (107-111); VIII. Experience of Five Years of Practical Work, Internal Organizational Questions and Conclusions (112-114); Appendix: The Present Situation and Our Tasks: Translated Text of Political Resolution of the Standing Committee of the Chinese Left Opposition, Adopted on February 10, 1932 (115-124).


Cowl, Carl

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by Neil Sih, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Neil Sih Typescript "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China"; TAM 303; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Existence and Location of Originals

A photocopy of the manuscript is locatedin Folder 1.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Provenance unknown; most likely donated by Carl Cowl in circa 1993. The accession number associated with this collection is 1993.004.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to the fragile nature of the original materials, researchers must use the photocopied version located in Folder 1.

Collection processed by

Peter Filardo

About this Guide

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2023-08-20 16:28:48 -0400.
Using Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language: Description is in English

Edition of this Guide

Sih, Neil Tam 303.doc


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives


Box: 1 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
2nd Floor
New York, NY 10012