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Giuliano Garavini collection

Call Number



1960 - 1997, inclusive



404.6 Megabytes in 113 records (PDF)

Language of Materials

English .


Digital copies, in PDF format, of minutes of conference meetings of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and associated documents, from the beginning of the conference in 1960 up to 1986, acquired by historian Giuliano Garavini during the research and writing of his book "The Rise and Fall of OPEC in the Twentieth Century."

Biographical note

Giuliano Garavini (born 1976) is an Italian historian and member of the Faculty of Humanities at the Universita degli Studi, Roma Tre, in Rome, as well as a former Senior Research Fellow in the Humanities at NYU Abu Dhabi. He earned a doctorate in international history from the University of Florence in 2006.

He has mainly written about European integration, decolonization and the Global South, the history of energy and petroleum. He has taught and received fellowships in various institutions including the European University Institute (EUI), the Graduate Institute in Geneva, RomaTre University, the University of Bologna and the University of Padua.

He is the author among others of "After Empires. European Integration, Decolonization and the Challenge from the Global South, 1957-1986" (2012), and has recently co-edited "Oil Shock. The 1973 Crisis and its Economic Legacy" (2016), "Counter-Shock. The Oil Counter-Revolution of the 1980s" (2018), and "The Rise and Fall of OPEC in the Twentieth Century" (Oxford University Press, 2019).


The collection is arranged largely in chronological order, with minutes of meetings and related documents having been placed in one of five series by date: 1960-1969, 1970-1975, 1976-1980, 1981-1985, and 1986. An additional folder contains copies of two published compilations of press releases and statements issued by OPEC between 1960 and 1997.

Content Description

The Guiliano Garavini collection consists of digital copies of meeting minutes of OPEC Conference meetings, with other selected attached documents, beginning with the first conference in 1960, and extending through the 80th meeting of the Conference, in December 1986. Includes copies of OPEC resolutions and press releases dating from 1960 to 1997. Digital copies exist as PDF files. Files were obtained by Garavini during the research and writing of his book, "The Rise and Fall of OPEC in the Twentieth Century."

The minutes of the meetings, arranged chronologically by meeting date, show the evolution of the organization and development of its policies, as it dealt with questions of how best to maximize the position of its member states as oil producers in the developing world in response to consumer demand from industralized nations. From the earliest meetings, topics represented included attempts to coordinate pricing of crude oil, how to address the question of price differentials by type of crude and region where it was produced, the nationalization of oil companies in some member states, the role of national oil companies in member states in response to outside oil companies, and whether to set production ceilings applicable to all member states, in order to strengthen the position of member states and to stabilize prices to their benefit, among other recurring issues.

The challenges faced by the cartel are documented these minutes through events and trends that members responded to, such as competition from increasing production by non-member nations (such as that from the development of North Sea oil fields by Norway and the United Kingdom in the 1970s), the oil embargo in response to the Arab-Israeli war of 1973, the devaluation of the U.S. dollar (the currency in which crude oil was priced and traded), fluctuating consumer demand, inflation, and other economic trends.

Conditions governing access

Materials can only be accessed by permission of the donor, and must be viewed onsite at New York University Abu Dhabi. Please contact Archives and Special Collections at the New York University Abu Dhabi Library ( for further information.

Conditions governing use

This collection is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use materials in the collection in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Preferred citation

[item], [folder title], Giuliano Garavini collection, MC-038, New York University Abu Dhabi Library, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Immediate source of acquisition

Gift of Giuliano Garavini, 2018.

Collection processed by

Brad Bauer

About this Guide

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2023-08-21 18:15:41 +0400.
Using Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language: Finding aid written in English.

Processing information

Processed by Brad Bauer and Kainaath Ahmad Shah Mumtaz, 2018-2019.


NYU Abu Dhabi, Archives and Special Collections
NYU Abu Dhabi
New York University Abu Dhabi, C-2
P.O. 129188
Abu Dhabi