Lynne Sagalyn research files for "Power at Ground Zero"
Language of Materials
The collection includes the research files amassed by Lynne B. Sagalyn for her book "Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan," published by Oxford University Press in 2016. Heavily represented in the collection are documents concerning the major institutional players in the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site, such as the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, Silverstein Properties Inc. and other entities associated with developer Larry Silverstein, various levels of government, and others. Also with significant representation in the documents are those concerning the families of those killed on 9/11, cultural groups, civic organizations, urban and regional planning advocacy organizations, and others. The documents include a vast array of Board materials; contracts and other legal documents; arbitration and judicial decisions; presentations, testimony and other position statements; requests for proposals and responses to proposals; analyses, audits and other reviews and assessments; fact sheets, press releases, and other public relations and public engagement documents; economic assessments, project funding mechanisms, and other financial matters; news articles, architectural critiques, and other press and media coverage; and more. The collection also includes chronologies and other work product prepared by Sagalyn and her research assistants. The collection has both paper-based and digital components.
Biographical / Historical
Lynne B. Sagalyn is the Earle W. Kazis and Benjamin Schore Professor Emerita of Real Estate at Columbia Business School, where she was formerly the director of the MBA Real Estate Program and the founding director of the Paul Milstein Center for Real Estate. An expert in real estate development and finance, Sagalyn has published extensively on a broad range of issues in the fields of urban development finance, public/private partnerships, and real estate finance. In addition to which, she has developed scores of cases for graduate-level teaching of real estate finance and investment strategy and been an innovator in curriculum for real estate study.
Sagalyn is widely known for her research on city building. Her book, Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Rebuilding of Lower Manhattan (Oxford University Press), which is the subject of this collection, has received continuous praise and is regarded as the definitive account of that rebuilding challenge. Her earlier books on city building include Times Square Roulette: Remaking the City Icon (MIT Press, 2001), and, Downtown Inc.: How America Rebuilds Cities, co-authored (MIT Press, 1989).
Professor Sagalyn's activities outside academia are diverse. She currently (2021) serves on the board of Blackstone Mortgage Trust (NYSE: BXMT) and chairs its audit committee and the Advisory Board of Morgan Stanley PRIME Property Fund. In the not-for-profit realm, she is a member of the board of directors of the Regional Plan Association (RPA) and co-chairs its New York Committee, the Skyscraper Museum and serves as vice president, the board of the New York City Trust for Cultural Resources and chairs its audit committee. She has been a litigation expert, a consultant to both private firms and public agencies, and a member of the New York City [Board of Education] Chancellor's Commission on the Capital Plan. She has done extensive executive teaching, particularly for Tishman Speyer Properties and the Urban Land Institute.
In addition to her more than twenty years at Columbia Business School, Sagalyn has held appointments at the University of Pennsylvania in both the School of Design (City Planning Department) and the Wharton School (Real Estate Department), and at M.I.T., Department of Urban Studies and Planning, where she taught courses in public policy and real estate finance as part of the school's pioneering degree program in real estate development.
Professor Sagalyn received her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a Master of City and Regional Planning from Rutgers University, and a B.S. with distinction from Cornell University.
[The above note was taken, with slight modification, from Sagalyn's biographical note on the website of Columbia Business School.]
Aside from some minor shifts of a few folders, the organization of the paper files and their categorization remain as delivered by Lynne Sagalyn to N-YHS. The organization of the digital files remains as transmitted to N-YHS by Sagalyn.
Scope and Contents
The collection includes the research files amassed by Lynne Sagalyn for her book "Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan," published by Oxford University Press in 2016. The documents include a vast array of Board meeting minutes and resolutions; contracts, agreements, leases, and other legal documents; arbitration and judicial decisions; remarks, presentations, speeches, testimony, and other position statements; requests for proposals, proposals, and responses to proposals; analyses, reports, performance audits, project status, and other reviews and assessments; fact sheets, press releases, publicity materials, and other public relations and public engagement documents; financial statements, annual reports, economic assessments, capital plans and budgets, project funding mechanisms, and other financial matters; news articles, editorials, opinion pieces, architectural critiques, and other press and media coverage; and more.
Heavily represented in the collection are documents concerning the major institutional players in the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site (WTC), such as the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC), Silverstein Properties Inc (SPI) and other entities associated with developer Larry Silverstein, and the World Trade Center Memorial Foundation. Also with significant representation in the documents are those concerning the families of those killed on 9/11, cultural groups, civic organizations, urban and regional planning advocacy organizations, and others. Government involvement from the city level to the state and federal level, including on matters of transportation, historic preservation, and economic revitalization, is also represented. In short, the collection includes all the documents underlying the multi-faceted complexities of rebuilding at the WTC site that Sagalyn harnessed in her writing of "Power at Ground Zero."
In addition to the source documents, the collection also holds chronologies, press logs, summaries, and other work product prepared by Sagalyn and her research assistants. The collection holds both Sagalyn's paper-based files and her digital files. There is overlap between these, in that some digital content was printed out and included in the paper files. But there is also much that is found in one place or the other because not all digital content was printed and, vice versa, not all printed material is in digital format. See the further note below for more information about specific primary source documents in the collection.
Bibliography for "Power at Ground Zero": Major Primary Sources
With her donation to N-YHS, Lynne Sagalyn provided a list of her major primary sources that goes beyond those included in the published book. Following is that list. Some of these can be found within the paper files though likely most others are in digital form. In either case the organization of the following list does not correspond precisely with the organization of the paper and digital files. The body of digital files can be searched using keywords from this list to find particular documents. It was not confirmed by the processing archivist as to whether or not all listed documents are in the collection.
Planning for Rebuilding
* PANYNJ and LMDC, "Cooperation Agreement," May 10, 2002.
* LMDC, Principles and Revised Preliminary Blueprint for the Future of Lower Manhattan, June 5, 2002. A draft of this document was published April 9, 2002; after hearings were held, a Revised Blueprint was issued.
* PANYNJ and LMDC, "Agreement Regarding 7 World Trade Center Civic and Land Use Improvement Project – Condemnation Reimbursement and Award Agreement [Vesey Street strip of land]," April 1, 2002.
* LMDC and PANYNJ, "Request for Proposals to Provide Expert Professional Consultant Services Related to the Initial Phase of a Comprehensive Urban Planning and Transportation Study of the Downtown Manhattan Area with Special Emphasis on Development of the World Trade Center Site and Adjacent Areas," April 23, 2002. Related Document: LMDC reissuance, April 2002.
* LMDC and PANYNJ, Preliminary Urban Design Study, n.d [May 2002].
* LMDC and PANYNJ, "Future of World Trade Center Site, Adjacent Areas and Related Transportation Infrastructure: Public Input Process and Timeline," n.d. [May 2002].
* Letter to Lance Michaels from Kevin Rampe, Re: elements of cooperation between LMDC and DCP with respect to RFPS to be issued by LMDC in cooperation with the city," August 20, 2002.
* LMDC, Request for Qualifications, Innovative Design Study for the World Trade Center Site, August 19, 2002, including addendums.
* LMDC, "A Vision for Lower Manhattan: Context and Program for the Innovative Design Study," October 11, 2002.
* LMDC, "The Public Dialogue: Phase I (Preliminary Report)," October 24, 2002.
* City of NY Office of the Mayor, New York City's Vision for Lower Manhattan, December 2002.
* PANYNJ and LMDC, "Memorandum to Members, Joint Working Group, PANYNJ and LMDC, from Joseph J. Seymour and Louis R. Tomson, Subject: Reaching Agreement on an Integrated/Master Plan for the WTC Site," December 5, 2002.
* LMDC and PANYNJ, "The Public Dialogue: Innovative Design Study," February 27, 2003.
* Letter to John Whitehead from Larry Silverstein, Re: views of the Silverstein lessees on the planning process, January 31, 2003.
* LMDC, "Summary Report on the Selected Design for the World Trade Center Site," February 27, 2003. * Letter to John P. Cahill from Daniel L. Doctoroff, "Proposed Changes to New York State and New York City Roles in Lower Manhattan Rebuilding," n.d. [March 2003].
* LMDC, World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition Guidelines, April 2003.
* PANYNJ and LMDC, "Memorandum of Understanding" [regarding cooperation to implement the Studio Daniel Libeskind master plan], June 16, 2003.
* LMDC, Invitation to Cultural Institutions for the World Trade Center Site, June 30, 2003.
* LMDC, NYSDOT, MTA, NYC, and PANYNJ, Lower Manhattan Transportation Strategies, April 24, 2003.
* Letter to Joseph J. Seymour from Daniel L. Doctoroff [regarding master plan design for the World Trade Center Site], July 31, 2003.
* Letter to Joseph J. Seymour from Daniel L. Doctoroff, [regarding refined master plan for the World Trade Center Site that must be resolved for the City to approve the site's master plan], October 17, 2003.
* Letter to James T. Connors [PANYNJ] from James F. Risoleo [Host Marriott], "Re: New York Marriott World Trade Center [letter agreement for full settlement of Host Marriott's property claims to lease hotel]," October 21, 2003.
* FTA, FHWA, and LMDC, "Coordinated Determination of National Register Eligibility—World Trade Center Site, New York City, New York," March 31, 2004.
* Letter to John Whitehead and Kevin Rampe [LMDC] from City Planning Commissioner Amanda Burden, ACIP, [regarding review of the General Project Plan for the World Trade Center Site], March 8, 2004. Related document: "City Planning Commission Review of WTC Amended GPP [slide deck] (March 1, 2004).
* Letter to John Whitehead and Kevin Rampe [LMDC] from Amanda Burden [DCP], [regarding DCP review of the World Trade Center Memorial and Cultural Program, General Project Plan, dated September 16, 2003, March 8, 2004.
* Letter to Joseph Seymour and Kevin M. Rampe from Daniel L. Doctoroff, [regarding Proposed Redevelopment Agreement for the Redevelopment of the World Trade Center Site], April 5, 2004.
* LMDC, World Trade Center Memorial and Cultural Program, Record of Decision and Lead Agency Findings Statement, June 2004. Related document: Addendum to the Record of Decision (February 16, 2007).
* LMDC, World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan, Final Generic Environmental Impact Statement, April 27, 2004. Related documents: "Draft Scope, World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan, Generic Environmental Impact Statement," June 20, 2003; "Public Meeting, Draft Scope World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan, Generic Environmental Impact Statement," Tribeca Performing Arts Center, Manhattan Community College, July 23, 2003; Final Scope for the GEIS, September 16, 2003; Draft GEIS, January 22, 2004.
* LMDC, World Trade Center Memorial and Cultural Program, General Project Plan,June 2, 2004, as amended February 14, 2007. Related documents: draft plan for the site (June 17, 2003), amended plan (September 16, 2003), proposed amendments (December 16, 2004), June 2, 2004 plan as amended May 19, 2005, proposed amendments November 9, 2006.
* PANYNJ and City of NY, "World Trade Center Redevelopment Agreement," including "Attachment A: World Trade Center Design and Site Agreement," November 24, 2004. Related documents: Restated and Amended Agreement between the City of NY and the PANYNJ, November 24, 2004 (the "PILOT Agreement"); Letter to City Hall from the PANYNJ, "Re: City Occupied Space, World Trade Center Site PILOT, November 16, 2006 and second letter to the City of NY from the PANYNJ laying out the details of the ownership of Cortlandt Street and Dey Street, November 16, 2006; PANYNJ, "Declaration of Restrictive Covenant, Block 58, Lot 1 (Cortlandt Street Right of Way, Dey Street Right of Way), December 5, 2007.
* LMDC, LMDC: Progress Report 2001-2004, December 2004.
* LMDC, Guiding the Process: The Public Dialogue and Lower Manhattan Revitalization Initiatives, April 2005.
* LMDC, "Overview of Public Comment on Draft Funding Allocation Framework and Revised Funding Allocation Framework," May 25, 2005.
* LMDC, Final Report, LMDC: 2001-2006, November 9, 2006.
* PANYNJ and City of NY, "World Trade Center Design Guidelines Administration Agreement," November 11, 2006.
* LMDC, "Environmental Assessment of the proposed World Trade Center Memorial and Cultural Program General Project Plan Amendments and LEED Gold Alternative Path to Achieve Goals of the Sustainable Design Guidelines," February 7, 2007.
* Studio Daniel Libeskind, "Memory Foundations, World Trade Center Commercial Design Guidelines, Final Draft" February 2007.
* New York Police Department, World Trade Center Campus Security Plan: Final Environmental Impact Statement, CEQR No. 12NYP001M, August 14, 2013.
* Civic Alliance, Listening to the City: Report of Proceedings February 2, 2002, South Street Seaport, Executive Summary, September 2002.
* Civic Alliance, "Towards a Planning Process for Lower Manhattan: A White Paper Prepared for the Civic Alliance, Revised Draft," August 28, 2002.
* Civic Alliance, Listening to the City: Report of Proceedings July 29-August 1, 2002, On-line Dialogue, September 2002. Related document: Participant Guide for the event.
* "Economic Development Working Groups Reports," prepared for the Civic Alliance by Alice Rivlin and Rosemary Scanlon, September 2002.
* Civic Alliance, A Planning Framework to Rebuild New York: A Report of the Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown New York, September 2002.
* Civic Alliance, Civic Alliance Planning Workshop, December 13-18 [actually 17], 2002, South Street Seaport, NYC. Related document: "Civic Alliance Planning and Design Workshop for Lower Manhattan, Executive Summary."
* Civic Alliance, "A Civic Assessment of the Lower Manhattan Planning Process: A Regional Planning Association Report to the Civic Alliance," October 2004.
* LCAN, "Labor Community Advocacy Network [LCAN] to Rebuild New York: Policy Statement," April 24, 2002.
* LCAN, Revitalize New York By Putting People to Work: A Jobs-Based Strategy for Economic Diversification and High-Road Growth, March 13, 2003.
* Municipal Art Society, "Imagine New York II: The People's Response, Preliminary Workshop Report," January 13, 2002.
* Municipal Art Society, Imagine NY: The People's Visions, Summary Report, June 20, 2002.
* Municipal Art Society, Imagine NY: Giving Voice to the People's Visions, December 2003.
* New York City Partnership and Chamber of Commerce, Working Together to Accelerate New York's Recovery: Economic Impact Analysis of the September 11th Attack on New York City, November 2002.
* New York New Visions, Principles for the Rebuilding of Lower Manhattan, February 2002.
* New York New Visions, "New York New Visions Lauds Winning Studio Libeskind Plan: A Promising Beginning, But Now the Work Begins," February 27, 2003.
* New York New Visions, "Possible Futures: Draft for Discussion," report of the Growth Strategies Team, May 2002.
* New York New Visions, "Statement Regarding Proposed Environmental Impact Statement on World Trade Center Site Design," August 1, 2003.
* New York New Visions, "Statement on Revised World Trade Center Plan," October 3, 2003.
* R. DOT, Towards a Sustainable City: Rebuilding Lower Manhattan, n.d.
Developing a WTC Memorial and Memorial Museum
* New York New Visions, Memorial Process Team Briefing Book: Findings from the Outreach, Temporary Memorials & Research Working Groups, March 2002.
* "The Memorial Process: A Report of the Lower Manhattan Rebuild Task Force, New York Metro Chapter, American Planning Association," Draft, May 14, 2002.
* LMDC, Memorial Research Tour October 1-5, 2002, slide deck.
* The Columbia Seminar on Art and Society, Department of Art History and Archeology, Columbia University, Monument and memory: essays by Daniel Libeskind, Leon Wieseltier, Sherwin Nuland, edited transcript of a program that took place at the New York Historical Society, September 27, 2002.
* LMDC Families Advisory Council, "Draft Memorial Mission Statement," November 8, 2002.
* LMDC, "Draft Memorial Mission Statement and Memorial Program," January 30, 2003.
* LMDC, The Public Dialogue Draft Memorial Mission Statement and Program for the World Trade Center Memorial, March 12, 2003.
* LMDC, "Memorial Mission Statement and Memorial Program," n.d. [April 10, 2003].
* LMDC, Transcripts of Joint Meeting of Memorial Competition Jury and Families Advisory Council, May 27, 2003, June 5, 2003.
* LMDC, World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition Guidelines, n.d. [April 2003].
* World Trade Center Memorial Jury, "Statement" delivered at the World Financial Center, New York City, for the announcement of the Eight Design Finalists, 19 November 2003.
* LMDC, "WTC Memorial Jury Statement for Winning Design," January 13, 2004.
* Michael Arad and Peter Walker, "Design Statement: Reflecting Absence," n.d.
* NYSHPO and LMDC, "World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan Programmatic Agreement" [section 106], April 22, 2004.
* LMDC, "Public Dialogue Report on the Memorial Center Advisory Committee Draft Recommendations for the Memorial Center," July 19, 2004.
* LMDC Memorial Advisory Committee, "Recommendations for the Memorial Center," n.d. .
* New York New Visions, "WTC Memorial Museum Programming Workshop," transcript of presentation given on September 15, 2005 at the Center for Architecture, NYC.
* Civic Alliance, World Trade Center Memorial Museum Programming Workshops: Summary of Proceedings, September 19 & October 11, 2005, n.d.
* LMDC, PANYNJ, and WTC Memorial Foundation, "Memorandum of Understanding" [regarding three-way exchange and transfer of property interests to accommodate redevelopment plan for the WTC site], February 1, 2006.
* LMDC, PANYNJ, and WTC Memorial Foundation, "World Trade Center Memorial/Cultural Construction Site Access Agreement," March 10, 2006.
* Coalition of 9/11 Families, Inc., et al, Plaintiffs, versus Kevin Rampe, President, LMDC, and The PANYNJ, Defendants, 04 Civ. 69941 (JSR) U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 2005 U.S. Dis. Lexis 1913, February 8, 2005 filed, February 8, 2005, Decided.
* Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, In the Matter of the Application of the Coalition of 9/11 Families, Inc., et al, Petitioners, for Judgment Pursuant to Article 78 of the Civil Practice Laws and Rules, against the LMDC, PANYNJ, and Bernadette Castro, as Commissioner of NYS Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Respondents, "Brief of Amici Curiae," April 20, 2006. Related document: Supreme Court of New York, New York County, 12 Misc. 3d 1173(A); 820 N.Y.S.2d 842; 2006 N.Y. Misc. Lexis 1626; 2006 NY Slip Op 51212(U); 235 N.Y.L.J. 99, May 11, 2006, Decided.
* WTC Memorial Foundation, "Confidential Memorandum [comprehensive snapshot of the status of the Memorial and Memorial Museum], May 2, 2006.
* Frank J. Sciame, "World Trade Center Memorial Draft Recommendations and Analysis," n.d. [June 20, 2006]
* PANYNJ, LMDC, WTC Memorial Foundation, City of NY, and State of NY, "World Trade Center Memorial/Cultural Project Agreement," July 6, 2006. Related document: PANYNJ, minutes of the board meeting, December 14, 2006 (322-325).
* National September 11 Memorial Museum at the WTC, Museum Planning Conversation Series Report 2006-2008, 2008-2009, Conversation Series Report, 2009-2010 Conversation Series Report, 2010-2011 Conversation Series Report, 2013 Conversation Series Report, all n.d.
* Letter to Christopher O. Ward, from family members, re: delay of completion schedule for the Memorial, July 10, 2008.
* National 9/11 Memorial and Memorial Museum at the WTC, 9/11 Memorial 2011 Year End Update, n.d.
* "The National September 11 Memorial Museum Davis Brody Bond Aedas Design Statement," n.d.
* PANYNJ and the National September 11 Memorial & Memorial Museum at the World Trade Center Foundation, Inc., "World Trade Center Temporary Operating License," September 9, 2011. Related document: First Amendment, September 6, 2013; Second Amendment, December 30, 2013.
* PANYNJ and WTC Memorial Foundation, "Memorandum of Understanding" [regarding memorial construction cost overruns], n.d. [announced September 10, 2012].
Protecting Historic Resources at the WTC Site Under Section 106 Process
* LMDC, "World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan Proposed Finding of No Adverse Effect Under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act," February 9, 2004.
* FTA, FHWA, and LMDC, "Coordinated Determination of National Register eligibility—World Trade Center Site, New York City, New York, March 31, 2004.
* LMDC, "Notice of Finding of No Significant Impact and Determination of Non-Significance, Proposed Refinements to the World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan," April 4, 2005.
* "World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan Programmatic Agreement," April 22, 2004. Related document: Draft version, March 25, 2004.
* PANYNJ, "Transcript of WTC Transportation Hub Permanent WTC PATH Terminal Section 106 Consulting Parties Meeting—November 4, 2004."
* FTA, NYSHPO, ACHP, and PANYNJ, "Memorandum of Agreement Regarding the WTC Transportation Hub," April 19, 2005.
* "World Trade Center Site Resource Protection Plan for Construction of the WTC Transportation Hub Project," September 2005.
* Letter to the Margareta Morera [PANYNJ] from Elizabeth S. Merritt and Roberta Lane [National Trust for Historic Preservation], "Re: Comments on Preliminary Cumulative Effects Analysis (Feb. 3, 2006 Posting) Tower Perimeter Column Remnants and Tower Footprint Areas," February 24, 2006.
* LMDC, "Presentation to Section 106 Consulting Parties," July 12, 2006; September 29, 2006.
* LMDC and PANYNJ, "Vesey Street Stair Remnant, LMDC Section 106 Meeting," July 12, 2006.
* FTA, "Approach to Cumulative Effects Analysis for the Lower Manhattan Recovery Effort," July 14, 2003.
* LMDC and PANYNJ, "World Trade Center Memorial and Redevelopment Plan—Historic Resources Report," January 2005; Related documents: July 2005, January 2006, July 2006, January 2007, July 2007, January 2008, July 2008, January 2009, July 2009, January 2010, July 2010, January 2011, July 2011, January 2012.
* PANYNJ, "The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Analysis of Potential Cumulative Effects on the WTC Site Historic Resource, Tower Footprint Areas (Restatement), Preliminary Draft for Discussion Only, June 29, 2006 Posting." Related documents: "Preliminary Analysis of Potential Cumulative Effects on the WTC Site Historic Resource, Tower Perimeter Column Remnants and Tower Footprint Areas, February 3, 2006 Posting;" "Continued WTC Site Preparation Work for the WTC Transportation Hub, January 16, 2008 Posting."
* PANYNJ, "World Trade Center (WTC) PATH Terminal New York, New York, Construction Protection Plan for Historic Properties Adjacent to the Project," February 2006, Revised 2/24/06.
* PANYNJ, "World Trade Center (WTC) Vehicular Security Center and Tour Bus Parking Facility, New York, New York, World Trade Center Site Resource Protection Plan," June 2007.
Planning for a Cultural Program at the WTC Site
* LMDC, "Invitation to Cultural Institutions for the World Trade Center Site," June 30, 2003. Related document: Addendum Number 1, July 15, 2003; Addendum Number 2, August 18, 2003.
* LMDC, NYS Council on the Arts, and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs, "Transcript of Hearings on the Cultural Forum WTC Site," July 28, 2003.
* LMDC, "Report on the Memorial Center and Cultural Complex at the World Trade Center Site," February 10, 2004.
* International Freedom Center, "Statement by Tom A. Bernstein: Freedom Center Speech," June 10, 2004.
* LMDC, Request for Proposals, Architectural Services for World Trade Center Cultural Program: Performing Arts Complex - North Building and Museum Complex - South Building, August 2, 2004.
* International Freedom Center, "International Freedom Center: Content and Governance Report," September 23, 2005.
* International Freedom Center, "Statement [on withdrawing from the WTC site]," September 29, 2005.
* Snohetta, "The Cultural Center at the World Trade Center Site, 'Rising Above" n.d.
* "Performing Arts Center at the World Trade Center, Confidential Analysis, Draft," from the Office of the NYC Deputy Mayor for Rebuilding and Economic Development, n.d. [November 21, 2006]
Economics of Rebuilding / Liberty Bonds
* Appleseed, "Economic Impact of Redeveloping the World Trade Center Site: New York City, New York State, and the New York-New Jersey Area," October 30, 2003, commissioned by LMDC and released by Governor George E. Pataki.
* City Council City of New York, "Transcript of the minutes of the Committee on Lower Manhattan Redevelopment March 9, 2006 [Alan Gerson, chairperson].
* U.S. General Accounting Office, "Tax Administration: Information is Not Available to Determine Whether $5 Billion in Liberty Zone Tax Benefits Will Be Realized," Report to Congressional Requesters (GAO-03-1102), September 2003.
* NYC Industrial Development Agency, "Public Testimony Presented Critical of the Project and Agency Responses for World Trade Center Liberty Bonds," from public hearing of December 8, 2005.
* Project Applications New York Liberty Bond Program Commercial Facilities for Tower 1 and Retail filed by PANYNJ, June 30, 2006, Supplement July 10, 2006; for Towers 4, 3, and 2 filed by Silverstein Properties, November 24, 2009.
* New York Liberty Development Corporation, "Public Hearing Re: Proposed issuance of Qualified New York Liberty Bonds for the benefit of 2 World Trade Center, LLC, 3 World Trade Center, LLC & 4 World Trade Center LLC, and/or one or more affiliated special purpose entities," transcript, December 3, 2009.
Building a Permanent PATH Transportation Hub
* FEMA, FTA, FHWA, U.S. HUD, ESDC, LMDC, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. EPA, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Marine Fisheries Service, "Memorandum of Understanding, Environmental Coordination and Review among the Federal Partners of the Federal Task Force to Rebuild New York City Environmental Planning and Review Committee," July 2002.
* PANYNJ, "Request for Qualifications/Request for Proposals—Performance of expert Professional Architectural and Engineering Service for the Permanent World Trade Center Path Terminal on a Task Order Basis," July 1, 2003.
* Letter to Joseph M. Allbaugh [FEMA] and Jennifer Dorn [FTA] from Governor George E. Pataki, [regarding resources for recovery from terrorist attacks of 9/11], February 6, 2003.
* PANYNJ, "World Trade Center Transportation Hub, Permanent World Trade Center PATH Terminal and Pedestrian Connections, Environmental Review Processes, Scoping Meeting, October 8, 2003, October 9, 2003.
* The City of NY, "New PATH Terminal Design: Key Urban Design Issues," n.d.
* FTA and PANYNJ, Permanent WTC PATH Terminal Project Development Agreement, February 14, 2004.
* FTA, PANYNJ, and PATH, Permanent WTC PATH Terminal Final Environmental Statement, May 2005.
* Letter to Jennifer Dorn from Governor George E. Pataki, re: resources to rebuild the transportation infrastructure of Lower Manhattan, June 3, 2005.
* PANYNJ, "Record of Decision, Permanent World Trade Center (WTC) PATH Terminal, New York, New York," June 29, 2005.
* PANYNJ and FTA, "Permanent WTC PATH Terminal Construction Agreement," May 25, 2006; Revised and Restated Construction Agreement, September 2012.
* PANYNJ and MTA Capital Construction, "Memorandum of Understanding regarding the Underpinning of the 1 Line Cortlandt Street Station and Subway," June 1, 2006.
* Letter to Governor George E. Pataki from James S. Simpson [FTA] [regarding determining eligibility for Lower Manhattan transportation recovery funds for two additional WTC projects], October 6, 2006.
* Memorandum to Governor Eliot Spitzer, Paul Francis, Tim Gilchrist, Avi Schick from Tony Shorris RE: WTC Hub Cost Reduction Options," March 7, 2008.
* U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Office of Inspector General, Baseline Report on the Lower Manhattan Recovery Projects, FTA Report Number: MH-2008-086, September 26, 2008.
* Letter to Matt Welbes [FTA] from Governor David A. Paterson, [requesting additional financing for the Transportation Hub], June 30, 2009.
* Letter from Linda Keinbaum [MTA] to Christopher O. Ward, "Re: #1 Line Cortlandt Street Station Funding Agreement," August 4, 2009.
* U.S. Department of Transportation/FTA, Project Management Oversight Program, Lower Manhattan Recovery Office, "Permanent World Trade Center Port Authority Trans-Hudson Terminal Project," Monthly Monitoring Reports, June 2006 through December 2014.
Managing the Delivery of Infrastructure and Construction
* LMCCC, "Presentation to Lower Manhattan Development Corporation Board of Directors Audit and Finance Committee Report, Wednesday, November 29, 2006.
* U.S. DOT, FTA, and LMRO, "Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) Documentation, World Trade Center Vehicular Security Center and Tour Bus Parking Facility," January 26, 2007. Related documents: PANYNJ, Section 106 Consulting Parties Meeting, November 29, 2005; "Public Hearing" slide deck, November 28, 2006; "WTC Site Resource Protection Plan," June 2007.
* LMCCC, "Draft Summary of WTC Site Construction Coordination," n.d. .
* LMCCC, "Value Planning Risk-based Analysis Study to Validate Results of the Construction Coordination Room Process (CCR), February 20, 2007 through March 2, 2007, New York City, New York," Executive Summary, April 30, 2007.
* LMCCC, LMCCC Assessment – 2/13/08, Lastest [sic] Schedule 37 (12/31/07), Draft," February 13, 2008.
* PANYNJ, WTC Report Assessment ["Ward Report No. 1"], June 30, 2008.
* PANYNJ, WTC Design and Construction Analysis, HUB Working Group, Steering Committee Report, September 25, 2008.
* PANYNJ, WTC Report: A Roadmap Forward ["Ward Report No. 2"], October 2, 2008.
* PANYNJ, World Trade Center Quarterly Report, from 4Q2008-2Q2011.
* PANYNJ, Letter to Darrell Walters [Phoenix Constructors, JV] from Steven Plate, "WTC Transportation Hub Contract WTC-284.458GC-General Contracting Services-Work Package 4C – Demolition of Temporary Stations and H&M Structure, Work Package 4B East Side Basement, Basement Walls and Excavation Installation of Tiebacks in H&M Area," notification that vendor's contract will end September 23, 2009, n.d .
Developing the Commercial Program for the WTC Site
* PANYNJ and the five lessees, World Trade Center Properties LLC collectively, "Interim Access Agreement," July 18, 2002.
* PANYNJ, Letter agreement between PANYNJ and GMAC/Silverstein WTC investors, regarding the use of insurance payments and advances ["swap agreement"] with WTC leaseholders c/o Silverstein Properties, December 1, 2003.
* PANYNJ and the five lessees, World Trade Center Properties LLC collectively, "Amendment to Leases and Reciprocal Easement and Operating Agreement," December 15, 2003.
* PANYNJ and the individual lessees, World Trade Center Properties LLC collectively, "Pre-Negotiation Agreement," December 8, 2005.
* WTC Arbitration No. 1, "Decision," December 11, 2008.
* WTC Arbitration No. 2, "Decision, Interim Award, and Supplemental Order," January 22, 2010.
* PANYNJ, "Freedom Tower Project Authorization," staff presentation and minutes of the board meeting, February 22, 2007.
* PANYNJ, Minutes of the board meeting authorizing joint venture with the Durst Organization, August 5, 2010; update, MAY 25, 2011.
* WTC Tower 1 LLC, "Request for Proposal: Observation Deck Development and Management, One World Trade Center, New York, New York," January 27, 2012.
* Legends Hospitality LLC, "Observation Deck Development and Management Proposal," May 3, 2012.
* PANYNJ, Minutes of the board meeting authorizing lease agreement with Legends for Observation Deck Space, March 20, 2013, and slide deck presentation.
Silverstein Towers (T4, T3, T2)
* "Silverstein Properties Responds to the City's Flawed Analysis of World Trade Center Plan," SPI press release, February 9, 2006.
* NYC EDC, "World Trade Center Site Summary of Financial Analysis," presented to the New York City Council, March 2006.
* John N. "Janno" Lieber, Testimony [before City Council of New York City], March 9, 2006. Related document: "World Trade Center: The Future of Downtown," slide deck, March 9, 2006.
* SPI, Letter to Anthony R. Coscia and Kenneth J. Ringler [PANYNJ], re WTC revised "Conceptual Framework" ["2006 deal"] for the redevelopment of the WTC site, April 26, 2006.
* PANYNJ, Minutes of the Board of Commissioners meeting authorizing the "Conceptual Framework" agreement ["2006 deal"], September 21, 2006. Related document: Authorization and Execution of Agreements and Related Documents," PANYNJ Board meeting minutes, September 21, 2006.
* PANYNJ and SPI, "Master Development Agreement for Towers 2/3/4 of the World Trade Center," November 16, 2006. Amended and Restated, December 16, 2010.
* Silverstein Properties, Letter to [redacted, but likely Mayor Michael Bloomberg] from Larry Silverstein [regarding dispute over financing of the private office towers and intent to evoke arbitration mechanism under the 2006 Master Development Agreement between Silverstein Properties and the PANYNJ [, July 6, 2009.
* PANYNJ, Letter to Larry Silverstein from Anthony Coscia and Chris Ward, [regarding new proposal for financing private office space at the WTC site, July 9, 2009.
* Silverstein Properties, Letter to Anthony R. Coscia and Christopher O. Ward from Larry Silverstein, "Re: World Trade Center [response to PANYNJ July 9, 2009 letter proposal], July 16, 2009.
* John N. "Janno" Lieber, Testimony [before City Council of New York City], Testimony, August 19, 2009.
* PANYNJ, Minutes of the Board of Commissioners special meeting authorizing the WTC East Side Development Plan ["2010 deal"], August 26, 2010; update, November 18, 2010; Tower 4 Liberty Bonds Update, October 20, 2011; Tower 3 update, June 25, 2014; December 10, 2015.
* PANYNJ, Minutes of the board meeting authorizing joint venture with Westfield, January 4, 2008; February 9, 2012; December 4, 2013.
Audits and Performance Reports
* Appleseed in association with The Louis Berger Group, Inc., The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation HUD-Funded Projects & Programs: Leading Economic Revitalization in Lower Manhattan, November 2004. A second report issued August 2006.
* Good Jobs New York [joint project of the Fiscal Policy Institute and Good Jobs First], The LMDC: They're in the Money; We're in the Dark: A Review of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation's Use of 9/11 Funds, August 2004.
* Independent Budget Office, "Three Years After: Where Is the $20 Billion in Federal WTC Aid? Number 132, August 11, 2004.
* U.S. Department of Transportation, FTA, Lower Manhattan Recovery Office [Bernard Cohen] "Report on Program Innovations," August 2004.
* Todd J. Zinser [Acting Inspector General, U.S. Department of Transportation], "Lower Manhattan Reconstruction: Lessons Learned from Large Transportation Projects," statement before the Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Management, Integration, and Oversight, U.S. House of Representatives, July 13, 2006.
* U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Office of Inspector General, "Memorandum to Deputy Federal Transit Administrator from Deputy Assistant Inspector General for Surface and Maine Programs, Subject: Notification of Major Project Monitoring for Lower Manhattan Recovery Projects Project Number: 06M9018M000," August 28, 2006.
* U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Office of Inspector General, Baseline Report on the Lower Manhattan Recovery Projects: Federal Transit Administration, Report Number: MH-2008-086, Date Issued: September 26, 2008.
* Independent Budget Office, "The Aftermath: Federal Aid 10 Years After the World Trade Center Attack," August 2011, with tables in web supplement.
* Navigant, Phase I Interim Report, presented to The Special Committee of the Board of Commissioners of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, January 31, 2012; Phase II Report, September 2012.
Charlie Rose Show, transcripts of the following shows:
* "A Discussion with Roland Betts," September 15, 2004.
* "Interviews with Roland Betts, Paul Goldberger, Gordon Ramsay," May 27, 2005.
* "New York City's Deputy Mayor Discusses New Design for Freedom Tower," June 29, 2005.
* "A Conversation with Architects Renzo Piano and Frank Gehry; Discussion with Architectural Critic Ada Louise Huxtable," August 5, 2005.
* "Revisiting 9/11: A Talk with Architect Who Designed Freedom Tower [David Childs]" August 16, 2005.
* "A Look at World of Art and Architecture," with guests Jed Perl, Nicolai Ouroussoff, December 28, 2005.
* "Critic's New Book Explores 20th-Century Architecture [Ada Louise Huxtable]," April 2, 2009.
* "Interview with Mayor Michael Bloomberg," September 12, 2011.
* "Rebuilding Ground Zero," with guests Larry Silverstein, Chris Ward, David Childs, Daniel Libeskind, Paul Goldberger, Michael Arad, September 13, 2011.
* PBS, "Frontline: Sacred Ground," produced by Nick Rosen, directed by Kevin Sim, transcript of show aired September 4, 2004.
* PBS "Frontline: America Rebuilds: A Year at Ground Zero," transcript of show aired September 11, 2006.
* CBS News, "60 Minutes: What Ever Happened to Ground Zero?" written by 60 Minutes correspondent Scott Pelley, aired February 21, 2010.
* PBS, "Nova: Engineering Ground Zero," transcript of show aired September 7, 2011.
* Cornell University Regional Council, "Rebuilding the World Trade Center," panel discussion, New York City, July 18, 2011, DVD. A second panel discussion was held on March 8, 2012, DVD.
* Tanexis Productions, "16 Acres: Sacred Ground. Prime Real Estate. Battle Royale," transcript of the movie, September 10, 2012.
The bulk of the collection is open to qualified researchers at New-York Historical Society. One box of documents (designated as Series XII. Restricted Files) is closed until 2039 as a condition of the donation.
Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please contact email@example.com prior to your research visit to coordinate access. Keep in mind that it will take between two (2) and five (5) business days for collections to arrive, and you should plan your research accordingly.
Researchers may request view-only remote access to digital materials. A full manifest of individual digital files is available from the reference librarian on request. Certain digital files may not be accessible due to file corruption or because the library does not have the proprietary software necessary to make the information they contain accessible.
Taking images of documents from the library collections for reference purposes by using hand-held cameras and in accordance with the library's photography guidelines is encouraged. As an alternative, patrons may request up to 20 images per day from staff.
Application to use images from this collection for publication should be made in writing to: Department of Rights and Reproductions, The New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5194, firstname.lastname@example.org. Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282.
Copyrights and other proprietary rights may subsist in individuals and entities other than the New-York Historical Society, in which case the patron is responsible for securing permission from those parties. For fuller information about rights and reproductions from N-YHS visit: https://www.nyhistory.org/about/rights-reproductions
The collection should be cited as: Lynne Sagalyn research files for "Power at Ground Zero", MS 3128, New-York Historical Society.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Lynne Sagalyn, February 2019. The paper files were received in March 2019. Digital files were received in February 2020 and May 2021.
As of August 2021, additional files, primarily of images and restricted files, are expected to be received in time from Sagalyn.
About this Guide
The paper files were processed by archivist Larry Weimer in February 2021. The digital files of primary documents were processed by digital archivist Margo Padilla when they were transmitted to N-YHS in February 2020, and described in the finding aid by Weimer in March 2021. Digital files of Sagalyn's work product were transmitted to N-YHS in May 2021; these were processed then by Padilla and added to the finding aid by Weimer in August 2021.