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Series III: United States Navy Photographs

Scope and Contents note

Folder titles are those used by the Navy Public Relations Department; folder titles in brackets were assigned by N-YHS Staff during processing. Often, the Navy-assigned titles sound ready for newspaper headlines. Some titles may seem to have no relationship to the photos to those unfamiliar with military terminology. "Baby Flat Top -- The Navy's Child Prodigy" is the title of a photo series showing life aboard an aircraft carrier. In "Shakedown," new recruits are taken on a practice mission in order to learn how to take care of a ship and to "get their sea legs."

Most of the photographs highlight the Pacific theatre of war. Battles shown or highlighted (sometimes including the aftermath) include: the invasion of Borneo, Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Guadalcanal, the Makin Island Raid, the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Battle of the Solomon Islands, the Battle of Santa Cruz Island, and the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Navy troops are shown in Borneo, the Philippines (the subject of many photos taken throughout 1944 and 1945), Formosa, New Zealand, Guam, Saipan, New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, and the Solomon Islands. Other photographs show Navy Combat Troops landing at Attu in the Aleutian Islands.

Photos showing the European front are mainly of Italy and North Africa, including "Operation Bootstrap" to liberate Italy. Photographs of Italy, including several titled "British fighting in Sicily" (folder 96), show "Naples in Ruins,"( folder 98) and troops landing in Anzio, Italy. Other European photographs include "U.S. Navy Crosses the Rhine" (folder 106), and others showing Le Havre, Brest, (folder 103), and beachheads throughout France (folder 102).

Women are the subject of many photographs and photographic series. Women at work in the New York Navy Yard get much attention, as do the WAVES, the Navy's Auxiliary force for women. WAVES are seen in church, on deck of a ship (sunbathing, while sailors look on), "at chow," and in their summer uniforms. Folder 95 contains a photo of Madame Chiang Kai Chek reviewing WAVES at a New York training academy. Folder 102 shows Eleanor Roosevelt reviewing a group of WAVES.

The New York Navy Yard (also known popularly as Brooklyn Navy Yard) is prominently featured in many photographs. The Navy Yard's activities peaked around October of 1944, with employment of over 70,000 workers working around the clock to build and repair ships for the United States Navy. The yard was made up of 6 dry docks, 2 building ways, 8 piers, 270 buildings, 19 miles of paved streets, and 30 miles of railroad tracks. Many ships launched from the Navy Yard are shown here, and several photo series show employees hard at work. One interesting photograph shows a visit by the Regent of Iraq to the New York Navy Yard (Folder 107.)

Military technology and weaponry dominate the Naval photographs. Many photos of the U.S. Ships were taken up to 20 years after the end of the war. A large number of these photographs are not marked with the name of the ship. However, ships shown during wartime are well-documented and described on the verso of the photographs. Aircraft carriers are pictured in Folders 95, 98, 99, and 108. A model aircraft carrier is shown on display at Rockefeller Center in New York in Folder 107. "Helldivers," or bombing planes, are shown in folders 98. "Avengers," torpedo bombers, are shown in Folders 98, 101, and 105. "Hellcats," another bombing plane, appear in Folder 97.

[Aerial Views of New York Harbor], 1944 Nov. 7

Box: 2, Folder: 26 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Allies Seize Green Islands, 1944 Mar. 13

Box: 2, Folder: 27 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Baby Flat Top -- The Navy's Child Prodigy, 1944 Apr. 30

Box: 2, Folder: 28-29 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folder 105

Battle of Midway, 1942 Jun.

Box: 2, Folder: 30 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Commissioning Ceremonies and Launchings], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 31 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Convoys], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 32 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[D-Day], 1944 Jun.

Box: 2, Folder: 33 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Fall of Ustica, 1943 Sep.

Box: 2, Folder: 34 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Floating Dry Docks -- "Field Hospitals" for Navy Ships, 1945 Jun. 15

Box: 2, Folder: 35 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folder 107

Helldiver Flight Deck Crash Recorded Step by Step, 1945 Jun. 11

Box: 2, Folder: 36 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Iwo Jima: Bloody Milestone on the Tokyo Road, 1945 Mar. 13

Box: 2, Folder: 37 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Kiska Island Landing, 1943 Aug.

Box: 2, Folder: 38 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Motor Torpedo Boat], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 39 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

"Mulberry"--the Secret Floating Harbor, Normandy Landings, 1944 Oct. 23

Box: 2, Folder: 40 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Naval Officer Training at Fort Schuyler, Bronx, New York, undated

Box: 2, Folder: 41 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Naval Training], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 42 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 92 and 105

Naval Training Station, Samson, New York, 1942 Oct., undated

Box: 2, Folder: 43 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Navy Advance Base Unit Hits the Beach at Lido, 1944 Sep. 19

Box: 2, Folder: 44 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Navy Day in New York, 1945 Oct. 27

Box: 2, Folder: 45 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Navy Testing New Uniforms for Enlisted Men, 1946 Jan. 4

Box: 2, Folder: 46 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

New York Celebrates "Waves and Spars" Day, 1943 Feb. 8

Box: 2, Folder: 47 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

New York Welcomes Nimitz, 1945 Oct. 9

Box: 2, Folder: 48 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[New York Navy Yard], 1944, 1945, undated, inclusive

Box: 2, Folder: 49-51 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 91, 96, 101, 104, 106, 107, and 109

New York Navy Yard Calls Women to Work, undated

Box: 2, Folder: 52 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Planes], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 53 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 99 and 101

[Plotting Ship Movements], undated

Box: 2, Folder: 54 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Poster Designs, undated

Box: 2, Folder: 55 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

"Power in the Pacific" exhibit prints, [1945], inclusive

Box: 3, Folder: 56-57 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

PT's Maneuver in Off-Shore Waters of an East Coast Port, undated

Box: 3, Folder: 58 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Shakedown, 1944 Jan. 31

Box: 3, Folder: 59-60 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[Submarines], undated

Box: 3, Folder: 61 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 100 and 107

Take Off for Tokyo, 1943 Apr. 20

Box: 3, Folder: 62 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Torpedo Testing Range, Montauk Point, Long Island, 1944 Feb. 21

Box: 3, Folder: 63 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[U.S. Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School], undated

Box: 3, Folder: 64 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

U.S. Navy Destroyer Escorts a United Nations Convoy, undated

Box: 3, Folder: 65 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

A U.S. Navy Transport Completes Mission, undated

Box: 3, Folder: 66-68 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

U.S.S. Aaron Ward, 1945 Aug. 24

Box: 4, Folder: 69 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard Launching], 1944 Apr.

Box: 4, Folder: 70 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folder 100

[U.S.S. Enterprise], 1943 May

Box: 4, Folder: 71 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[U.S.S. Franklin D. Roosevelt Launching], 1945 Apr. 29

Box: 4, Folder: 72 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

U.S.S. Iowa Launching, 1942 Aug.

Box: 4, Folder: 73 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[U.S.S. Kearsarge Launching], 1945 May

Box: 4, Folder: 74 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[U.S.S. Lafayette/Normandie Salvage], 1943, undated, inclusive

Box: 4, Folder: 75-79 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

A U.S.S. LST Joins a United Nations Convoy, undated

Box: 4, Folder: 80 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

U.S.S. Missouri Launching, 1944, inclusive

Box: 4, Folder: 81-84 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folder 107

[U.S. Ships], 1921-1963, undated, inclusive

Box: 4, Folder: 85-87 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 93, 94, 98, 104, 108, and 109

[U.S. Ships], undated

Box: 5, Folder: 88-90 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Wake Island Attack, 1942 Feb. 24

Box: 5, Folder: 91 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Navy WAVES at Floyd Bennett Field, New York, 1943 Jul.

Box: 5, Folder: 92 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

[WAVES at U.S. Naval Hospital], 1945 Jul. 20

Box: 5, Folder: 93 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Scope and Contents

See also Folders 94- 98, 100, and 102-104

Wartime Commandants, undated

Box: 5, Folder: 94 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Miscellaneous Photos, 1941-1943 Oct., inclusive

Box: 5, Folder: 95-103 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Miscellaneous Photos, 1943 Nov.-1945

Box: 6, Folder: 104-115 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)

Miscellaneous Photos, undated

Box: 6, Folder: 116-117 (Material Type: Mixed Materials)
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